Trait Theory And Contingency Theory Of Leadership In Organizations

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Leadership is the craft of influencing others to their greatest performance to carry out any task, goal or project (Cohen, 1990). It’s all about doing the right things. Leaders make people to do their works effectively to achieve organizational goal. Some of the traits of successful leaders are self-confidence, clear mission and vision, interpersonal skills, adaptability, communication skills and others. Lot of theories have been developed and introduced in terms of leadership. Popular theories are Trait theory and Contingency theory. Trait theory focuses on the characteristics and traits of leaders such as emotional intelligence, drive, motivation, self-confidence, cognitive ability, vision and dedication, Contingency theory states the leaders’ ability to lead upon various situational factors. It states that successful leader of one organization cannot be successful in other organization as various situational factors takes on place. Leader should apply different leadership style as per the need of situations.
The objective of this essay is to review both traits and contingency leadership theories and indicate the more useful for leaders in organizations. The most notable four contingency theories of leadership include the Fiedler 's contingency theory, the Vroom-Yetton-Jago decision-making model of leadership, the path-goal theory and the situational leadership theory will be evaluated. This essay will start with the traits leadership theory follow by contingency

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