It was introduced by James MacGregor Burns. A leader is said to be transformational when he or she moves his or her subordinates to receive hierarchical vision as their own, while endeavouring to elevate their qualities, concerns and development (Ejere, E. I., & Abasilim, U. D, 2013.p.31). It is a style of leadership which bring positive change in their follower. It encourage and motivate employees to enhance their skill and knowledge.
This theory is one of the first studies that concentrated on situational factors and the relationship between leadership and organization effectiveness. Fred E. Fiedler who noted his findings from his study in his book Theory of Leadership Effectiveness (1967) contended that if an organization made an effort to achieve team effectiveness by using leadership then it was necessary to assess the leader with respect to underlying traits, assess the situation the leader is in and find the similarities between the two. Fiedler noted that the attitudes of leaders needed to be considered and developed a scale that could be used to assess these attitudes. The scale was called the Least Preferred Co-worker scale and was used to ask leaders about the
Introduction Leadership as defined by Northhouse (2007;3), is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. In organizations, the success of the organization is determined by the ability of individuals to realize and have the same direction in following this common goal usually due to influence. Because of such, a number of leadership theories have been propounded over the years which have sought explore different dimensions of leadership in trying to come up with a panacea for problems which arise in organizations due to leadership. Amongst these theories and concepts are The traits theory of leadership, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, Mc Gregor’s theory X and Y. This paper will delve on the transactional and transformational leadership styles and then attempt to make a comparison of these with Mc Gregor’s theory Leadership Theories According to the Traits theory of leadership, there are certain personality traits which distinguish leaders from non-leaders.
Alexander Hamilton Government Politician Successful, politician , and fierce are three things that describe Alexander Hamilton. Many people know that Alexander Hamilton was a well known name , but he was so much more. As a well known government politician, Alexander Hamilton showed the world that they needed to become stronger and have a better government for the world. Alexander Hamilton left behind a legacy of his own. His legacy was to become what you want to be and keep on going until you succeed.
charismatic leadership theory with the upper echelons perspective in an attempt to better understand the leadership role of chief executive officers (CEOs) was reviewed by (Waldman, Javidan & Varella, 2004). They proposed that emerging charismatic leadership theory and research may provide new possibilities for the upper echelons perspective. In the past, leadership theory has been seen as the domain of organizational behavior and micro-oriented perspectives. Organizational behaviorists are generally more psychologically oriented and define charisma as one of the following: a relationship between an individual (leader) and others (followers) based on deeply held shared ideological (as opposed to material) values; an individual who accomplishes
The transactional leadership emphasizes the transaction or exchange which among leaders, followers and subordinates what is required conditions and rewards to fulfill the requirements. The transformational leadership raise the moral maturity whom they lead, and convert their follower into leaders, motivate their associated, followers, subordinates, colleagues, clients to go beyond their individual self-interest for the good of the organization. There are two lines to define on leadership styles and situational contingencies styles which focused the difference between task-oriented and people-oriented leaders. Based on quantitative and qualitative leadership studies, we can found different theories such as trait theory, contingency theory, Charisma, leader-member exchange (LMX) theory which fits best for which different situation, and which style seem to be more effective such as Bass’ transformational leadership
Tim Cook and Steve Jobs have proved that different ways of leadership and personality could led the same company successfully (Daft,2015, p65). According to the theory, the leader should implement leadership styles based on what skills and abilities the followers have. Hersey and Blanchard theory demonstrates four basic behaviors to adapt to the followers which include Telling, Selling, Participating and Delegating (Daft,2015, p65). The good leader should have the ability to identify follower’s readiness and select the appropriate
We see that employees prefer charismatic transformational leadership. The results of this research indicates that further research is need to be for a bridging of the gap between personnel selection and leadership theory (Kuhnert & Russell, 1990) Balyer (2012) results prove that transformational leadership for principals can be positive and can move a school forward. Recommendations are made for principals to be trained in transformational leadership methods, co-principalships, university trainings, degrees in educational administration, and that principals are chosen and appointed based on qualities and
Today, leadership is considered to be more art than science. Equally observable is that those who engage in leadership invoke a variety of leadership styles and traits that can vary greatly, and yet can be equally successful in a variety of situations. No one could deny the tremendous leadership skills of Martin Luther King, but at the same time, for example, do not highlight the skills and success of General Schwarzkopf in crushing the army of enemies. As is generally known, the personal motives affect the leadership preferences. For example, some people choose adventurous and strict leadership style, while the others prefer peaceful and continuous.
I have always shared the view of (Naylor, 1999) that leadership is the process of influencing employees towards the achievement of organisational goals and organisational excellence. A review of various leadership theories and concept has significantly broadened my understanding on leadership. Significant among the leadership styles reviewed are transformational, situational, transactional, bureaucratic, autocratic and charismatic styles of leadership. I am particularly interested in the way these leadership styles are interrelated in operation and the possible interface that exists between given pairs. Transactional leadership explores the link between performance and reward and then trade it for targeted response that motivates subordinates to improve performance (Scott, 2003; Trottier et al.).