Definitions: Emotional intelligence is described as the ability to monitor one’s own and other people’s emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them approximately and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. It reflects on the abilities like intelligence, empathy and emotions to enhance thought and understanding of interpersonal dynamics. Here we discuss the
(Schreuder & Coetzee 2011) 1. Mental abilities: This includes intelligence and aptitude. Intelligence is a variety of factors that influence judgement, problem-solving and learning and aptitude refers to the natural ability to do something, like the potential to acquire skills through training and experience. 2. Personality Characteristics Things like introversion and extroversion, when someone prefers to be alone and the other prefers to be around people.
The paper aims to present the arguments regarding the possibility of psychological tests to be culture free or culture bound. Psychological tests are based on norms and the normative sample consist only a thin slice of human population. This leads to several cultural biases in testing. Thus, continuous attempts have been made by many researchers to construct culture-fair tests while many other believe that construction of such a test is almost impossible because it is very difficult to account all the cultural differences and variation across the globe. Introduction: Genesis of psychological testing showcases the developments and attempts made by the researchers to measure human mind and behaviour.
There are various factors that affect personality these can range from environmental factors, physical factors, situational factors, biological factors as well as psychological factors and others. Assessment of personality To assess personality means to evaluate it. Only by evaluating personality one can understand the reason for problems and then decide on a mode of action. Assessment techniques differ in their degree of objectivity or subjectivity. The different techniques of assessment include the following, Self-report or objective inventories- a personality assessment technique in which individuals answer questions about their behaviours and feelings.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an important look at the methods humans use in our interaction with our shared environments and how we relate differently to shared experiences (Cohen, D., Cohen M., Cross, H., 1981). Differences in how individuals relate to and understand our surroundings are displayed and sorted using scales for several fields. Extroversion and introversion are determined and assigned to this indicator using either E or I. A clear definition between sensing and intuition is also defined by the assignment of S or N. Also, thinking and feeling are compared and determined adding the letters of either T or F to the result. The last letter in ones conformed profile will include either J or P for judging compared to perception.
Personality Theory Blog Personality, some define this as the characteristics and qualities that make a person who they are. Someone’s personality makes up a big part of who they are and, also determines how they will possibly react to certain situations. Typically, personality is what people remember about an individual after they have first met them. There are traits in a person that come out in their personality that make them who they are. The personality theory that looks deeper into the traits that make up an individual’s personality is individual psychology also known as the trait theory.
According to Kagan and Gall (1998), intelligence is described as “a term referring to a variety of mental capabilities, including the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly, and learn from experience.” Meanwhile, Schmidt and Hunter (2000) defined general intelligence as “the ability to grasp and reason correctly with abstractions (concepts) and solve problems”. Although there are many kinds of intelligence, practical intelligence, social intelligence, and especially emotional intelligence have received substantial attention. According to Sternberg (2000), practical intelligence is the “ability that individuals use to find the best fit between themselves and the demands of the environment”.
Psychologist Abraham Maslow argued that humans no longer have instincts because we have the ability to override them in certain situations. He felt that what is called instinct is often imprecisely defined, and really amounts to strong drives. For Maslow, an instinct is something which cannot be overridden, and therefore while the term may have applied to humans in the past, it no longer does (Maslow, 1954). In this book, Maslow presents several criteria which distinguish instinctual from other kinds of behavior. To be considered instinctual, a behavior must: a) be automatic, b) be irresistible, c) occur at some point in development, d) be triggered by some event in the environment, e) occur in every member of the species, f) be unmodifiable, and g) govern behavior for which the organism needs no training (although the organism may profit from experience and to that degree the behavior is
1. What is implicit personality theory? This theory is a set of assumptions that a person makes, often unconsciously, about the correlations between personality traits, including such widespread expectations of impression positively correlated with generosity, so that a person who is cold is perceived as being likely to be serious. Some implicit personality theories also include correlations between psychological and dimensions of impressions. Additionally, specific patterns and biases an individual uses when forming impressions based on a limited amount of initial information about an unfamiliar person.
Emotions have largely been ignored by the classical theorists of sociology mostly due to its abstract, intangible and supposed ‘dangerous’ nature. It was only recently in contemporary times when a number of approaches on how to study emotions more closely were suggested. Out of all the different approaches suggested, I feel that the symbolic interactionist theory is the most convincing. This is because it ties in the aspect of individual agency and also overlaps with some of the other theories. While sociology revolves around the study of society, we tend to overlook the power one has over his actions.