An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
Odysseus went through a long, rough adventure and survived the entire voyage while managing to keep his family intact. Odysseus’ flaws don’t cover up the hidden positive actions that were made through his actions. Therefore, Odysseus is the archetype hero people claim he is. Since the beginning of his travels, Odysseus cared for his men and watched their backs. When encountering the Cyclops in Book 9, he strapped his men to the sheep to help them escape and let himself exit the cave last.
Even after he was able to free himself and his crew from the cyclops’ captivity, Odysseus exposes himself to Polyphemus and further jeopardizing his men, “ '"Cyclops, if any mortal man ever asks you who it was that inflicted upon your eye this shameful blinding, tell him that you were blinded by Odysseus, sacker of cities. Laertes is his father, and he makes his home on Ithaka" (9.500-505). Odysseus’ inability to control his hubris and be considerate about the lives of his crew validate the idea that he isn’t an admirable hero. His lack of selflessness and humility drives him to make flawed judgments. This deprives him of the title of an epic hero because his tendency to take unhealthy risks causes him to delay his trip back to his homeland of
In “The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell Rainsford runs into man versus man, man versus nature, and man versus self conflicts. In the beginning of the short story the conflict that started it all is a man versus nature conflict. Rainsford is on a yacht with his hunting friend Whitney on a moonless night in the Caribbean. He hears gunshots and wants to see if he can find where they are coming from so he goes out and stands on the railing of the yacht where he falls off, “...the salt water in his open mouth made him gag and strangle”(10). Rainsford is fighting for his life
Not only does he commit countless heroic acts in situations of high pressure where he could die, he also never loses faith. He continues to believe in Ithaca and dreams of his queen and never loses sight of his goal despite the years and many distractions. Odysseus takes risks, an example of this is in book IX, when he enters the Cyclopes cave not knowing what’s inside. He does many things throughout the epic that seem to lack judgement, but later show he always had it under control. Another quality that supports Odysseus being a hero is that he is blessed by a god, meaning they notice something great or godlike in him.
He knows he and his men have to get off the island before they eat the lotus flower and have no care in the world. “I drove them all three wailing, to the ships, tied them down under their rowing bench and called the rest.”(Homer 602) He wants to get home, so he has to get the men back that he sent out looking over the island. When he gets them he has to drag them back because they ate the lotus flower and want to stay with the other people that eat the flower too. He also did not want to leave without them. This shows that he cares for himself and his crew.
While Odysseus was asleep, his crew opened the skin, believing there was gold and other riches. Their disloyalty resulted in the wreckage of their ship and the anger of King Aeolus, when he found out. He did not give them another ox skin with wind in it, or a new boat. The crew’s disloyalty lead to broken alliances. In Homer’s epic poem, loyalty lead Odysseus home to his
His management over his crew was something that needed more direction and control. He seemed to be slow to catch on to this. After the victory over the Cicones, Ulysses wisely wants to take the plunder and depart quickly, but His men prefered to stay, leading to a defeat at the hands of reinforcements. When Aeolus grants the Greeks fair winds to Ithaca, Odysseus falls asleep within sight of home, empowering his suspicious, unruly crew to open the bag of ill winds and let loose a windstorm that blows them off course. Again, on the island of the Sungod Helios, Ulysses' men disobey strict orders and feast on the sacred cattle when he goes inland to pray and falls asleep.
He becomes an honorary king that everyone respects (33). Having honor is the number one trait that you need to be a successful hero. Courage is also a necessary characteristic to become a hero. A hero needs a mentality in which they do not fear anything. In the story, Beowulf states, "I shall meet molten venom in the fire, he breathes so I go forth in mail-shirt and shield" (33).
While the duke and the dauphin and lying about their identity, they are gaining money through this. The readers know they don’t deserve that money. It also evokes aggravation because the people of that town and the Wilks girls are gullible enough to believe that the duke and the dauphin are Peter Wilks’ brother with no proof to prove that. This is used to satirize how people easily believed anything with no proof and did not question. In Death of a Salesman, after many years of struggling to pay for all the bills, Willy decides to commit suicide because he wanted the insurance money to be given to Biff, his son but at his funeral, the readers find out: "I made the last payment on the house today.Today, dear.
In the first instances of drastic changes to Odysseus mental state they are severely influenced by physicality of home. One example occurs as Odysseus and his crew are given a magical ship that would take them directly to Ithaca. The fact that Odysseus does not tell his men what is in the bag reveals that he holds the contents of the bag very highly, so much so that he even has this underlying paranoia against his esteemed crew. This secret would untimely lead to the downfall of this attempt home, which causes a rift in Odysseus’s mental state. As the bag of winds ruptures open and the crew is forced away from Ithaca, Odysseus contemplates suicide.