Those can give the followers greater ownership, responsibilities, formulation of collective vision that will serve both the followers and organization stakeholders. Establishing the methodologies to have measurable indicators will help to learn the complexities of transformational leadership.(SURESH & Rajini,
Two of the theories of leadership are transactional and transformational. Transactional leadership is setting clear expectations of an individual and using rewards or punishment to achieve results, while transformational leadership is identifying the need for change and trying to achieve the change. Two Canadian public administrative leaders who show these leadership skills were Tommy Douglas and Sir George Arthur French. Tommy Douglas was able to show transformational leadership through creating healthcare, Canada-wide pension plan and bargaining rights for civil servants; while Sir George Arthur French was able to show transactional leadership by leading his men across western |Canada, and he showed transformation leadership by challenging the Canadian government. Tommy Douglas would have been seen as a great leader in the Behavioural Era due to his ability to identify the need for change and the betterment of society; however, he would have not been seen as a great leader in the Personality Era due to him alienating the Saskatchewan doctors in his healthcare implementation.
Transformational leadership is part of a “new leadership” paradigm. Transformational leadership is a process that transforms and changes the followers. Transformational leadership is not just for the follower, when the leader engages with the follower and creates a bond with them, both the leader and follower benefit from it. The leader takes into concern values, ethics, standards, and long-term goals, and tries to assess the follower’s motives, satisfy their minds, and treats them as human beings. Transformational leadership has four factors idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration.
Definition According to Organizational Management and Leadership: A Christian Perspective by Anita Saterlee, research done by J.M Burns indicated that transactional leaders lead by understanding the underlying principles of management and then applying those principles in the workplace. Transactional Leaders will guide followers to achieve organizational goals, guide and motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by clarifying roles and task requirements, and define the purpose of the organizations’ existence to followers and then provide them with the plans and means to attain goals (2013, p. 5) Summary This article was published through the Canadian Center of Science and Education.
followers can achieve maximum performance through the process of shared vision, clarify mission and organizational goals and objectives, encouragement, and positive motivation (Butler, 1999); transformational leadership embraces the idea of maximizing the followers’ full potential to optimize their performance (Bass & Avolio, 1990); transformational has a positive impact on both organizational and followers’ performance (Diaz-Saenz, 2011); autonomous, encouragement, and motivation enhances work performance in more complex and arduous tasks (McCleskey, 2014); it is more predictive of individual or organizational performance (Bass, 1985). There are suggestions in offering the advantageous reasons of the transformational approach such as the style
Bass & Riggio (2005, pp. 4-8) explains that transformational leaders inspire their followers to exceed their own expectations and perceived capabilities and is comprised of the four components of idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualised consideration. DuBrin (2016, p.163) suggest that leaders in a time of crisis need to
Charismatic authority is derived from faith in the leader’s exemplary character (Conger & Kanungo, 1987). Specifically, House (1977) maintains that the personal characteristics of the charismatic leader include a high degree of self-confidence, strong moral convictions, and a tendency to influence others
Transactional and Transformational Leadership Both concepts of the theory are built upon the reciprocity relationship between leader and follower. In contrast to the transactional leader who practices depending reinforcement of followers, the transformational leader inspires, intellectually stimulates, and individually considerate their team (Bass, 1999). At the core of transformational approach it is emphasize the both on leader ability to motivate and empower follower as well as in the moral dimension of leadership – it is about winning the mind and the heart (Bolden et al., 2011, p.31). The commitment building of this type of leadership is not only from the precise goal setting and evaluation but also through caring and inspiring the team.
Transformational Leadership “Arouses awareness and interest in group or organization Increases confidence of individuals or groups Attempts to move concerns of subordinates to achievement and growth rather than existence.” (Butler and Chinowsky, 2005, p. 121). transformational leaders lead to understanding and interest in organization (Butler and Chinowsky, 2005, p. 121). They are productive and encouraging the team to do more than expectation. Leadership is about leading and doing something, and
Transformational Approach Transformational leadership style work towards high levels of communication from a management to meet goals. Leaders are meant to motivate employees and augment productivity and efficiency through communication and high visibility. This style of leadership really does need the involvement of management to meet goals. Leaders focus on the big picture within an organization and delegate smaller tasks to the team to accomplish goals. Transformational leadership proves to be efficient not only in business, but in all other sectors where it is used.
The success of any organization in the current competitive world is directly linked to how well and consistently the organization performs, and the style of leadership plays a significant role in this performance (Ojokuku, Odetayo & Sajuyigbe, 2012). With this perspective, leadership can be defined as the capability of an individual to persuade and inspire others so that they contribute towards effectiveness and success of the organization (Yukl & Becker, 2006). Various leadership styles and their influence on organizational success have been advanced and studied (Nanjundeswaraswamy & Swamy, 2014). One such style is the transformational leadership style, which according to Givens (2008), acts as a driving force for organizational performance and innovation. Besides, he adds, transformational leadership enhances employee job satisfaction as the transformational leader interacts with subordinates to motivate them to achieve maximum output in their work responsibilities (Jalal, Khawaja, Kamariah, Fosa, Muhd & Ahmad, 2012).
The concept of transactional leadership seems to have its origins in the work of Downtown (1973) when he contrasted transactional from transformational leadership to account for differences between revolutionary, rebel, reform, and ordinary leaders (Bass & Avolio, 1990; Leithwood et al., 1996; Silins, 1994). However, systematic research into the nature and effects on transactional leadership in different work organizations seems to have taken ﬁrm roots following the work of Burns (1978), who distinguished two forms of leaders, that is, transactional and transformational leaders. According to Burns, the main distinction, and the central feature, of transformational and transactional leadership is based on the process by which leaders motivate
The first theory is Transformational leadership which is a relatively new approach to leadership that focuses on how leaders can create valuable and positive change in their followers. James MacGregor Burns first introduced the concepts of transformational leadership when studying political leaders, but this term is now used when studying organizations as well. Burns described two leadership styles: transactional and transformational. Transactional leaders focus on gaining
There is a clear difference between transaction, transformative and transformational leadership. Transformational leadership has the potential to satisfy the academics and the social justice to meet the complexity of diverse society and our education system by challenging inappropriate use of power in search to create equality and justice society rather than inequality and injustice, whereas transaction leadership foundations are based on a mutual agreement of exchange between leadership and other organisational members and transformational leadership focuses on improving process, organisational functions to improve effectiveness and outcomes (Gunter 2009 and Shields