The role of counselling or psychotherapy is a “means of gaining access to cultural resources that can be used to solve or resolve problems in living and to construct a life that has meaning and purpose”. (McLeod, J. 2005). Cultural resources from a pluralistic stance focus on the strengths of a client (Duncan, Miller and Sparks, 2004). They are viewed as both a form of resilience and strength, but also as a means by which a client can be connected to a social network outside of the therapy room.
Desiree Stokely PAC240 Module 2 October 5, 2015 Multiculturalism is a widely-known issue in addiction counseling and has a vital role in counseling. “Culture is the combination of all the physical and behavioral aspects of a society. To study the people within a society, how they function and what they value, Culture should be regarded as the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of a society or a social group, that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems,, traditions and beliefs.” Pg 18 Counselors have a challenging time counseling culturally diverse clients, exclusively when they are unwary of
Humanism Theories Paper Throughout the study of Gerald Corey’s textbook, therapist study several influential men who came up with the foundations of psychology, psychotherapy, and client-centered therapy. For a therapist to decide which therapeutic techniques and values they wish to implement within their practice, one must first study the men who came up with the theories behind the techniques. The two men I will compare and contrast their key concepts, therapeutic process, strengths and challenges of the theory, and challenges in cross-cultural counseling will be Carl Rogers and Viktor Frankl. Key Concepts Even though Carl Rogers is associated with Humanistic psychology and Viktor Frankl is associated with Existential psychology, they share certain concepts that utilize a range of
In terms of multicultural issues, an important goal is to help individuals identify and pursue their subjectively meaningful path toward multicultural maturity. However, some people from Latino and Asian cultures, tend to want more direct or advice that is immediate rather than gradual from therapy. It may not be appropriate for cultures that are family or group oriented as it stress individual empowerment and individual decision making rather than group decision making. Some criticisms of person centered therapy is that it is not useful for clients who are in a crisis and require directive therapeutic interventions. It’s unrealistic to expect constant unconditional positive regard, as most things in life are conditional.
Multiculturalism is a manifold concept which has not been dealt with very openly in every country. It is very hard for some politicians to frankly confess "multiculturalism" is not a concern in their nations since they may afraid of being accused of racism, ignoring human rights, and suppressing minorities. Even in the educational programs, the political dimension of teaching has been ignored. On the other hand. there are not many studies which have been done regarding the influence of multiculturalism on immigrants sociopolitical aspects of life and most of the investigations seek to focus on the socio-economical or socio-cultural aspects.
• The humanistic perspective views human nature as basically good. They believe humans have an inherent potential to maintain healthy, meaningful relationships and to make choices that are in the interest of their self and others. The humanistic therapist focuses on helping people free themselves from certain ways of thinking and attitudes so they can live fuller lives. The humanistic therapist emphasizes growth and self-actualization. This perspective holds that people have an inherent capacity for their own responsible self-direction.
The focus on multiculturalism in counseling has come a long way since the beginning of the profession. During the start of the profession the focus was not on multiculturalism at all, the concept was nonexistent. However, this all began to change in the 60s due to a combination of events. It was identified as an issue by author Wrenn, that multiculturalism was excluded from the code of ethics on top of this we had the civil and women’s rights movements. These events created a focus on multiculturalism that had never been there before.
This theory tend to put the focus on the individuals that compose the group and each individual background regarding morals, values, beliefs and religions. In regards to education, this theory would provide the kids with a broader way of thinking. Instead of having one correct answer to a question, they are open to all answers that may stem from children of different histories than those of the dominant group. Some say, “Multiculturalism, therefore represents a threat to individual liberty, a loss of understanding involving citizenship, and a threat to democracy.” By focusing on each individual, those against this theory find that citizenship, or the status of being a legal part of a society, and democracy, or a system of government by population or those eligible, typically through representatives that have been elected, will have the potential to be destroyed. This form of education would allow the children to become aware and respectful of outside ideas other than those present in their personal life.
These reports imply that familiar concepts such as brand logos or even as general as random words are percieved with greater accuracy, suggesting past experience mediates perception. Indirect perception implies that it is not actually of the environment itself but a cognitive representation of the environment that we percieve, assembeled by and existing in the brain. It is by the process of construction in which our seneses consult memories of prior experience before delivering a visual interpretation of the visual world. It argues that there is no direct way to examine objects that is independent of our conception; that perception is
The schools will be one of the meeting places for students from different races, cultures and languages. Therefore, one of the objectives of education will promote respect for diversity within a context of equal rights. According to Vazquez Gómez , a multicultural society is accomplished by following these conditions; To identify the subject (both minority and majority); establish the ultimate aims of education(by reducing conflicts and promoting cultural, participatory and democratic development); determine the processes and resources through which those ends are achieved and finally to project these processes in a curriculum framework. Having clarified concepts such as interculturalism, multicultural education and the causes of its origin