Transformational Leadership Ideology

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ABSTRACT - Inspecting the influence of coaches on individuals’ psychological experiences such as need satisfaction and performance enhancement, is a fascinating endeavor. This article is intended to study the research conducted regarding transformational leadership ideology in sports, conbined to the satisfaction of basic psychological needs. Considering the signicance of examining the possible effect of transformational leadership in performance enhancement, we attempt to explain the positive motivational outcomes in sports field, as a result from transformational leadership behaviour, by synthesizing the theories of transformational leadership and self-determination

Key words – Transformational Leadership, Need Satisfaction, Athletes, Sports
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Transformational leadership ideology in sports
Based om Burns’ (1978) concept of “transforming” leadership, transformational leadership theory was developed from Bass (1985). Ever since, numerous research findings as well as meta- analyses, have confirmed the connection between positive motivational results and transformational leadership (i.e Howell & Avolio, 1993; Bass, et al., 2003).
Transformational leadership ideology favors shared vision, decision-making, increased responsibility for successful objective accomplishment, clear role understanding, and high intragroup communication. Wang and Howell (2010) propose that transformational leadership ideology focuses on both the individual and group level. At the individual level, transformational leadership empowers individuals to enhance self-esteem and self-adequasy, raises individual’s knowledge level about outcomes’ importance as well as enhances individual’s collective motivation and commitment (Yu, Leithwood & Jantzi,
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(Fiedler, 1967; Yukl, 1989; Zaccaro, 2001; Lawrence & Lorsch, 1968) However, other studies contended that transformational leadership behaviors (Wallace & Weese, 1995) have little effect on athletes’ outcome such as commitment, fulfillment or performance. One concievable explication for these conflicting outcomes may be due to the uniqueness of the sport settings, which are different from business organizations (Yusof & Shah, 2008). There is a desidarium to re-examine the proposed leadership-performance
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