• Incidental gallbladder cancer: GB cancer may be an incidental finding at LC, with an incidence ranging from 0.3% to 5.0%. Uncertainty about the diagnosis, lack of clarity regarding of the degree of tumor spread, or postoperative identification of cancer on pathologic examination of a routine cholecystectomy specimen should warrant early reoperation (Rakić, et al. 2014). National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines advocate simple cholecystectomy as definitive treatment for patients with mucosal (T1a) disease and a negative CD margin; all other patients (ie, those with involvement of muscle or beyond, a positive CD margin, or a positive cystic lymph node) should undergo repeat operation for extended cholecystectomy (which includes hepatic resection, lymphadenectomy and, possibly, bile duct excision) (Eil, et al.
. How would you assess the business model of HCG? Compare HCG’s cancer care model with other international cancer-care models using case information and your secondary research. Where do you think lies HCG’s strength and weaknesses relative to these international cancer care models? Highlight the differences and similarities between the HCG business model and that of Aravind, Narayana Hrudalaya, Fortis & Apollo?
What I want to do this study is in Ayder Referral hospital these management problems are exist. In the hospital more than 4000 drugs are exist from these drugs around 412 items are stock out and overstock repeatedly as the organization document shows. These problems are due to ineffective use of EOQ model on their organization. The current classification mechanism used on Ayder Referral hospital is VED analysis to classify items based on their function without applying any model put class of item by visualizing the function of items, but it is not enough to judge the real position of
Cancer is an abnormal production of cells that divide uncontrollably within the body (Black & Hogan 2006). What is more vaguely understood are the mechanisms the underlie this, the different effects on each patient, and how to stop it. Some common types of cancer are breast cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, leukemia, and brain cancer. Each of these various diagnoses cause different biological and psychological stresses on the patient. Because old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, often, a mass will form, otherwise known as a tumor.
Such non diagnostic image requires repetition leading to increased risk of radiation induced cancer which has been estimated as 0.21 or 1.9 per million examinations . Panoramic imaging ( orthopantomography) is an imaging technique that is employed for producing facial structures including both maxillary and mandibular dental arches and their supporting structures in a single image. In
While those cancers are specific to one area, brain cancer is not. The way brain cancer affects your body is based on the location of the tumor, as described above. Also unlike other cancers there are no genetic mutations specifically associated with brain cancer. There are many ways to treat various kinds of cancer. For brain cancer, the type of treatment used is dependent on a variety of factors such as age, grade of tumor and location of tumor.
This waste is usually generated in hospitals, blood banks, dental offices, veterinary clinics, laboratories… Although 85% of the generated substances aren’t dangerous, 15% of these medical materials are toxic and infectious, so they require a special treatment. There are many different types of medical waste, but the most common examples are: Pathological Waste (corpses, body parts, organs or human fluids), Pharmaceuticals (expired drugs and vaccines), sharp objects (scalpels, blades and needles), some chemical substances (solvents or disinfectants) and radioactive waste, such as radiotherapy treatments for cancer patients. In addition to affecting people 's health, the tons of waste generated by hospitals each week are really harmful to the environment. In many underdeveloped countries, this problem is getting worse as a result of the bad hygiene conditions. If this issue isn’t solved soon, millions of people will be infected by medical waste in the next few years.
Meanwhile, HIS benchmarking is a reasonably new in research field, which will offer healthcare quality information management methods and clinical outcomes research. Benchmarking definition on suitable performance indicators is an important issue. However, HIS performance indicators publications can be determined automatically from routine HIS are minimum at present. These key figures should be suitable measures of HIS function for HIS benchmarking and as it is available in the routine HIS. However, HIS benchmarking have limited value as it is only one of many factors (like availability of qualified medical personnel) with influence on indicator for overall hospital performance measures.
CPI is a widespread and powerful tool for quality improvement in health care. Its principles and applications in health care are discussed. However, there was a major gap found with regard to the use of CPI in the context of imaging. Very few publications were found on the over-utilisation of imaging, though there was fairly substantial work in other areas, such as pathology. The literature review was vital in terms of defining and characterising the extent and nature of the problem, and the important connection between itself and the current
hus, surveillance data may not be representative of the whole population since it is conined to people who seek healthcare. Still, these data are useful in evaluating general health status and efect of health services. Health surveys are becoming more widely used in the current years and can be a rich source of health statistics. Surveys are conducted using diferent methods, and readers need to examine the methodology carefully before accepting the conclusions, or generalizing the results. Health statistics among military personnel are not expected to be similar to the general population, and surveys based on a sample of hospital patients are not generalizable to