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Transient Ischemic Attack Essay

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A Transient Ischemic Attack, also known as a mini stroke, is an acute illness where blood flow to a certain part of the brain gets blocked which most of the time is caused by a blood clot (Webmd n.d.). After a couple minutes the clot dissolves, blood flow continues again and symptoms disappear. It is called a mini stroke because all the signs and symptoms are the same as a stroke, but the symptoms last a shorter period of time and there is no permanent damage done to the cells. According to the website mayoclinic.org, About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, with half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack (Mayo Clinic Staff 2014). Overall, even though it is considered a mini stroke and the symptoms last shorter time, it is still a serious condition and need medical attention immediately. The symptoms for a TIA are the same as a regular stroke, but last shorter period of time. People that have a TIA experience: trouble with speaking, which may be slurred, and difficulty…show more content…
There are medications that are given to help decrease the risk of a stroke after a TIA. There are anti-platelet drugs, which make platelets have less of a chance of sticking together, and anticoagulant drugs, which are used to prevent blood clots. Aspirin is the most common anti-platelet drug used and common anticoagulant drugs are heparin and warfarin. Another form of treatment is surgery and there are a couple of different surgeries that could happen. A carotid endarterectomy could be a possibility which is because of a narrowed carotid artery and an carotid angioplasty is a procedure where a balloon-like device used to open up a clogged artery and insert a stent. Altogether, if the doctor finds out specifically what is going on and what part is affected after the TIA, there will be some sort of
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