It is when animals have a limited amount of space to walk around unlike in their natural habitat. Basically, when the primates have their basic needs handed to them such as food and shelter instead of looking for it or hunting for it. In other words, when there is dependency on humans it can be said that it is captivity. The majority of studies cited in this research paper look into nonhuman primates. These are members of the order of mammals that include lemurs, monkeys, and apes.
The biggest overt difference that one notices when comparing nonhuman primates to human primates is the loss of body hair in the modern human, to the extent even, that humans have been described as the “naked ape” in many contexts. The primates classified as old world apes that are closest in relation to humans are the Bonobos and Chimpanzees. Looking specifically at the Chimpanzees, we can compare and contrast the properties of the skin and hair between them and humans to get an idea of the evolutionary pressures that may have been in place. Notably, there are many different properties of the skin in the nonhuman and human primates. The dermis, or skin layer, contains various structures like nerve ending, sweat glands and hair follicles among other systems.
2. One-female, multimale. The second residence is a polyandrous which is similar to the first residence, but in this case, it consists of one reproductive age female, several mature males, and the immature offspring. The type of primate that utilize this system are the New Worlds monkeys. 3.
Bonobo is an African ape closely related to the chimpanzee. Bonobos are also known as pygmy chimpanzee or known by their scientific name Pan Paniscus (Bonobos, n.d), Bonobos are considered primates, and primates are all equally and well adapted to their environments. Think of advanced as meaning "specialized". So some primates have more specializations than others. Bonobos live in an area of the African rain forest in Zaire.
Modern humans have evolved over millions of years from primates and therefore we share many special characteristics but as many anthropologists believe, there are many identifiable characteristics which distinguish modern humans from non-human primates. These constraints are both anatomical and behavioural. Biological features include larger brains, smaller frontal teeth, smaller faces and bipedalism (Mann 1972). Bipedalism is a form of terrestrial locomotion which gives the ability of species to walk completely on two legs which Homo Sapiens, known as modern humans, have the ability to do. This gave many special definitive features and traits to humans which have led to many advantages that we now contain today.
Primates have a lot in common with us humans, and with the research and studies that we have preformed we can now show that primates have become a lot more like humans. The lifestyle of primates are a lot like that of ours. Communities is big in the race of the humans and we believe that only we have developed communities and live within theses communities. This statement is not true because not only have primates developed and lived in communities but so have several other species. Primate communities exsist with fifty or more individuals who collectively inhabit a large geographical area.
According to the theory of evolution, humans are the descendents of animals and simply evolved from their more basic state. In the case of humans, it is believed they are the descendants of ancient primates. This ideology raises the question of what the true difference is between animals and modern humans. This debate on what makes a human being a human has raged for decades and will most likely continue for many more. Despite this, while humans share many characteristics with animals, they are also fundamentally different from them.
Humans have been examining and studying non-human primates for ages in an attempt to further understand the reasoning behind human behavior and base instinct. While it would be ideal to study non-human primates in the wild, away from possible interference from human civilization, that is often not the case, especially for students, and in this case the non-human primates have been observed within captivity. Specifically, the species observed were the Tufted Capuchin monkey (Cebus apella) and the common squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) at the Living Links to Human Evolution Research Centre in Edinburgh Zoo. The tufted capuchin monkey is most commonly found within the neotropical regions of South America including: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname,
The range of primate social groups is large because of the different reasons for becoming social. One of the bigger reasons for primate social groups is for protection against predators such as eagles. Being in social groups helps the primates protect
Learned behavior, which is common in primates, is a highly important for their survival. “Sometimes, primates are not conscious of their actions, and other times they strategize, learning by observation and imitation” (195). Although instinctual behavior helps primates survive, learned behavior is beneficial because through their social groups and social learning, primates have been able to show each other ways to survive. In addition, primates are known to have substantially larger brains and are typically more intelligent than other mammals, so their extensive learning capabilities enable them to discover survival tactics or food sources. Then the things they have learned are passed on to each other through their social groups