It is during this time that it is important to make them feel safe and loved while they deal with new challenges as well as being able to develop important components such as a sense of conscience which they will carry on towards adulthood. If the toddler is not taught right from wrong and also provided a nurturing, loving environment, they are more likely to develop conduct problems and antisocial behaviours later in life. Parents paly a vital role during this time, as how you respond to your toddler would determine how confident they become and how much of trust they place in others. A few things you can keep an eye on to support them develop these skills are as follows; Giving your toddler enough time to try and figure out a problem on his/her own (such as tying their shoelace). Only provide support when/if you see them frustrated.
If the child is getting encouraged and praised by their careers as they learn then with can build up their self-esteem and confidence as if they didn’t then this could make the children have insecurities about their own abilities to do things and would have a need of people reassuring them, this could lead up to them having Lack of motivation and having a poor self-esteem about doing new things. When growing up children will look for role models this could be their carer. If their carer had poor social and communications skills then this could have an effect on the child as they would reflect form them and wouldn’t know any difference, so this would affect their development. Children that have limited opportunities to develop their communication skills could have poor behaviour and attention span. It varies for a children’s expectation as if they had past experiences as if they had parents that had poor experiences in the education system then this may think that the child if the same and make them have low expectations on
Attachment Theory states that a strong emotional and physical attachment to at least one primary caregiver is critical to personal development (Dun, Craig p.136). Having a strong attachment to the primary caregiver provides a sense of security and a solid foundation for the child. This theory is the stepping stone to Erick Erickson’s second stage of psychosocial development. During this phase, autonomy vs shame and doubt, a child will have the natural tendency to branch out from the primary caregiver. Children, if permitted to, will develop their own desires, abilities and self-esteem, ideas and thoughts through autonomy.
Children go through many transitions, so it is important that the children’s key person is meeting their individual needs. They should always be positive and welcoming. When aiming to meet children’s individual needs, practitioners must regard every child as unique. Likewise, the practitioner must acknowledge that attachment is important for a child’s emotional well-being during transitions, therefore they must ensure that the child feels a sense of acceptance, love and respect. Similarly, if possible, a transition should be thoughtfully planned and organised so that the child will receive the appropriate amount of support and are able to do it at their own pace.
There are cultural and geographical differences, both in relation to constructs of childhood and the perception of what are appropriate or acceptable practices. When it comes to content, and more specifically inappropriate content, a population of children is not homogenous. Each child is different, the difference is different ages, education, language, culture, religion, maturity, experiences, interests, etc. and also individual children change rapidly as they mature and develop. The determination of what content is appropriate for an individual child is best left as the responsibility of the parents, guardians and educators who know the child.
The atmosphere is formed by two factors the environment and the material prepared in such a way that unfold in it 's social, emotional, intellectual parts, testing, and moral needs of a child, but also meets the need of the child in the order and security, knowing that everything has its proper place. Attitudes of the adult, the adult is the link between the child and prepared environment, which aims to help children help themselves. Letting the child know that it is he who should love and respect, the adult helps the child build self-confidence. The child must be free to move and experience in the environment; the adult 's role is only to provide guidelines. The guides have a crucial role since they must transmit knowledge and educate
Different parenting styles can have an effect on children’s needs and behaviours; this is because the way parents raise their child and the way they are brought up can have an effect on the way they behave in certain situations as they may have different views. Children can learn different behaviours and attitudes from their parents and the way they are brought up. Children have different needs that parents need to meet in order to make them feel comfortable in their environment, for example a need a child may have could be security. It is important that children have security in their home as they need to feel safe and secure in their home environment when they are with their parents. Another one of children’s needs is love and secure emotions,
Firstly through; being very attentive to the children, identifying their needs, while also noticing and understanding variances in their behaviour and responding accordingly. In correlation to this teachers should develop self-awareness to separate their own feelings from those of the children Lillard (2005). Secondly, observation is used to evaluate children‘s interests, for instance, the teacher would note whether or not the child is interested in an object, how he/she displays this interest and how long they are interested in it. As a result, teachers could also use observations to assess children‘s work in progress, though this must be done subtly as even a glance could disrupt the concentration of a child engaged on a
Depression Depression is the feeling of severe despondency and dejection or a mental condition. Being depressed is a normal reaction to a lost life, struggle, or injured self esteem. Depression also has many symptoms in which sometimes can cause a human their life. It's okay to feel sad and lonely up to the point when the feelings become overwhelming or when they involve physical symptoms that are long-term. These feelings can lead someone from not keeping a normal and active life.
Emotional – This is a vital part in a child and young person’s development as a child needs to be emotionally secure and have attachments. If they do not have this with certain people such as, parents or carers, it may be difficult for them to emotionally develop. Also, children and young people who have low self –esteem or have very low confidence issues may result in them finding it hard to socialise, build relationships or even engage in learning and may not be encouraged to try out new things. This can then have an increased effect on their overall development.