Translation: An Important Role Of Meaning Transfer In Human Language

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1.1 Background of the Study As a branch of applied linguistics, translation is an important tool of meaning transfer from one language to another for every aspect of life throughout the world. Major aspects of life such as religion, literature, science, and technology across the world have depended on translation role. In general, translation role in human civilization and advancement is without a doubt contributive. The contribution of translation to human knowledge is facilitated by the translator’s knowledge and expertise in at least two different languages. This notion makes the relation between translation and languages are inseparable. Translation is always related to different languages and different language forms for representing meaning. Larson (1984) states that translation is basically a change of form: The forms of language, spoken and written, refer to lexicon and grammar: actual words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, etc. These forms are referred to as the surface structure of a language. It is the structural part of language which is actually seen in print or heard in speech. In translation, the form of the source language is replaced by the form of the target language. Translation consists of the meaning transfer from the source language into the receptor language. This is done by going from the form of the first language to the form of a second language by way of semantic or deep structure. It is meaning which is being transferred and must be

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