Transportation Demand In India

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 GENERAL
Transportation system can be defined as the combination of elements and their interactions, which produce the demand for travel within a given area and the supply of transportation services to satiate this demand. Transportation had played a vibrant role in the advancement of life in all spheres. A comprehensive understanding of the existing travel pattern is necessary for identifying and analyzing the traffic related problems. Transport planning is crucial in planning sustainable developments and ensuring accessibility for all individuals. The fundamental goal of transportation planning is to accommodate the need for mobility in order to provide efficient access to various activities that satisfy human needs.
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Increasing demand for transportation is an inevitable outcome of urban growth. In most of the developing countries, there are several factors in mutual that contribute to the severity of transportation problems. Increasing urbanisation, population growth and increase in household incomes are the primary causes of rapid growth of travel demand in Indian cities. Availability of motorized transport, and increases in commercial and industrial activities have further added to this transport demand. During the last decade, motor vehicle ownership in several metropolitan cities (those with over one million population) has been growing at nearly 10% per annum (World Bank, 2002). In many cases, demand has outstripped road capacity. The rapid expansion and strengthening of the road network, therefore, is imperative, to provide for both present and future traffic and for improved accessibility to the hinterland. The fast growth of large cities primarily due to the growth in the population coupled with increase in urbanisation has posed serious challenges to the development of adequate infrastructure facilities. Travel demand has risen sharply, exceeding the available supply in transportation infrastructure and facilities. All the Indian cities, irrespective of their size and forms, are suffering from…show more content…
This report presents the background information regarding the characteristics of commercial nodes, literature review about the past studies that have been conducted for the estimation of trips to various activity centers, the data collection techniques, its analysis and results. This thesis is summarized into six chapters which are out lined below.
Chapter 1: Introduction
The Introduction to this study is presented in this chapter one. This chapter briefly explains the need of study, the problem statement, objectives and scope of study to accomplish the aim of work.
Chapter 2: Literature review
Following introductory material, the report will then guide through the literature review in chapter 2. The past studies related to the trip generation and the various methods for the trip generation are reviewed in this chapter. Also, problem areas are identified where further study is required.
Chapter 3: Proposed Methodology
In this chapter the methodology used in this study is described in detail with the help of Flow chart.
Chapter 4: Study Area Profile and Data
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