Transportation: Transportation During The Industrial Revolution In Britain

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Industrial Revolution: Transportation – Lauren Smith
The rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery, is known as the Industrial Revolution. It was characterised by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods and services. During this period of time, many advances were made in many different areas especially transportation.
Before the Industrial Revolution, transportation in Britain was extremely basic. Roads were poorly built and maintained, goods were transported on river barges but this was extremely slow and a costly exercise, the was no railway networks and were limited to wooden tracks and carriages pulled by horses which was typically unreliable and goods were broken which resulted in a dramatic loss in money for the seller and limited product for the buyer. Technological innovations like the spinning jenny, sewing machine and the cotton gin, all made production of merchandises faster and cheaper As demand increased, a revolution in the transportation industry took place. The Turnpike trust was introduced, who were groups of people that maintained the roads full time. Roads were straightened, made flatter and harder as well as bridges being built, which was much safer and convenient for people to use. However, to help pay for the money borrowed to repair the roads, Turnpike trusts set up gates on either end of their roads
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