It was a product of the second wave of feminism, which was in 1960s Peter Barry, Beginning Theory An Introduction To Literary And Cultural Theory, third edition, Manchester University Press, P. 116) . The feminist literary movement mainly focused on the representation of women in literature, recognising the role that is portrayed by language on what is socially constructed, view if women and men were essentially different due to biology or social construct, explore female language in the text, and to make it clear whether the ideological base of the text is neutral or mainstream (Barry, P. 128, 129) Sylvia Plath was an American writer, she wrote many poems and was mostly recognized as a poet, however, she did write novels, short stories, and children’s books. She was born in 1932 and committed suicide in 1963, she was only 30 years of age. Her most notable works are Ariel, which is a collection of poems, it was published posthumously in 1965 by her husband Ted Hughes -who was
The Awakening was written based on Kate Chopin however more her concerns on women 's issues. It reflects a comment she had made once regarding her desire to write. Her novel “The Awakening” clearly shows the use of literary school of criticism of feminist criticism. As you can see, Chopin’s literary piece “The Awakening” she uses the literary school of criticism of feminist criticism to criticize the feminist standpoint in the novel and the time period the novel
The topic for this study cuts across more than one substantive literary and philosophical aspect in the review of literature. However, its framework is premised on a strong thematic organization based on the literary, cultural and philosophical impact of postmodernism on both of deconstruction and absurdism from 1950s to present. Major theorists of postmodernism, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Fredric Jameson and Jean Baudrillard asserts that one of the most productive readings of postmodern practices that produce a clear reading of deconstruction and absurdism is to examine oppositional thinking in terms of differ / defer syndrome and the idea of language games. A review of literature and philosophy shows that postmodernism have played a critical
The first section of this paper explores the representations of reading in the novel. The representation of the characters as readers will be analyzed in the context of contemporary practices and attitudes towards reading in order to broaden our understanding of their personalities. To narrow the focus of the essay, the reading habits of some characters will be discussed in more detail than others. Lady Russell will be the focal point concerning the rising popularity of reading in Jane Austen’s time. The contrast between Sir Walter Elliot and Captain Wentworth will be used to unveil how the novel presents the social changes England was undergoing at the time and to assess the relevance of these issues to the novel.
In Indian society, woman occupies a vital position and honoured place. The Vedas glorified women as the mother, the creator, one who gives life and worshipped her as a ‘Devi' or Goddess. But their glorification was rather mythical for at the same time, in India women found herself totally suppressed and subjugated in a patriarchal society. Male violence against women are worldwide phenomenon. Fear of violence is an important factor in the lives of most women.
The Gender violence is so deep rooted in a woman’s lifetime, that freedom from the threat of harassment, battering, and sexual assault is a concept that most of woman have a hard time imagining because violence is such an extensive part of the culture and their spirits. General economic dependence on their families and fear of social ostracization act as a significant deterrent for a woman. Poverty, inability to express, homelessness, isolation from family and friends and many other things contribute to the victimization of the women in society. Instead of putting the perpetrator to justice, the society’s focus shifts to the woman. The patriarchal social norms inhibit
The term is associated with the ostracised section of the society particularly used for the weaker section of the society i.e. women. The position of female as subaltern is miserable. Patriarchy is the prime obstacle to women’s advancement and development. Among women, widows are the doubly oppressed as they become the prey of patriarchy as well as of religion.
The author, Edward W. Said, writes a series of essays that provide his arguments about how culture impacts colonialism and imperialism as well as making connections between culture and imperialism. He uses other works by different authors like Jane Austen and Joseph Conrad as he states, “first of all I find them estimable and admirable works of art and learning, in which I and other readers take pleasure and from which we derive profit.” Also he uses the events that occured with Britain, France and the United States and their conquest on other countries. His goal with this book to analyze events and writings and using them to make the connections. The author believes that culture and imperialism are being ignored and condemned in their involvement in the reality of societies. From that reason he writes this book to provide knowledge and understanding to the common people about culture and imperialism and how it was done in history.
It could be reasonably argued that the first step toward an understanding of this theory is exchanging views on culture, power relations, and history in a particular society. Tom Fish and Meredith Anne Skura affirm that New Historicism deals more specifically with the issues of power (the ways in which dominant group exerts its influence over others) and culture (social forces of constraint and mobility), and to the plays’ effect on power relations in the new world. (qtd. in N-avarro 14) The most obvious way of illustrating the culture over the past centuries is considering the various discourses in literary texts. New Historicism has changed the way in which we are obliged to think about the culture over the past centuries through literary
Spivak, for example, first used the term ‘post-colonial’ in the collection of interviews and recollections published in 1990 called The Post-Colonial Critic.Although the study of the effects of colonial representation were central to the work of these critics, the term ‘post-colonial’ per se was first used to refer to cultural interactions within colonial societies in literary circles (e.g. Ashcroft et al. 1977). This was part of an attempt to politicize and focus the concerns of fields such as Commonwealth literature and the study of the so-called New Literatures in English which had been