Dementia- What is it? Dementia is a syndrome, not a disease, unlike Alzheimer’s. It can occur when certain brain cells are damaged by various infections, diseases, head injuries or imbalances. This damage interferes with the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other. When brain cells are unable to communicate normally, thinking, behavior and feelings can be affected.
(2004), Vigué et al. (2011)]. As the physiologic mechanisms against ischemia in cerebral tissue are impaired, the traumatized brain become highly vulnerable to ischemic injuries, these ischemic injuries, even for a few minutes, have a dramatic negative impact on long-term outcomes. Thus, prediction of outcomes is urgently needed. The primary aim of managing patients with acute brain injury is to minimize secondary injury by maintaining cerebral perfusion and oxygenation.
This can be dangerous because if you were to fall on your head you would get a head injury (like a skull fracture), such as a concussion, which means it also leads to a brain injury. This unhealthy risk can lead to head injuries and death. Injury Prevention: A term used to describe the steps a person takes in order to prevent an injury. 1. Skull fracture from not wearing a helmet.
As with other soft tissue injuries, whiplash may heal given time and rest; however, that is not always the case. Severe cases of whiplash can result in chronic pain and reduced mobility that prevents you from performing everyday tasks and returning to work. If you notice any symptoms of whiplash, seek immediate medical care. Closed Head Injuries Because a closed head injury can occur without any outward sign of physical trauma, this type of injury can go unnoticed for days or weeks. A closed head injury occurs when the head strikes an object or the head is violently jerked causing the brain to “bounce” around hitting the skull.
Another problem that can cause cerebral palsy is abnormal development of the brain. Anything that changes or affects the brains normal development and leads to the way the brain transmits information to the muscles. It can be affected by mutations in the genes that play a role in the brain’s development, an infection in the mother, or trauma/injury to the unborn child’s head. The third problem that can cause cerebral palsy is intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain) and stroke. Bleeding in the brain is very serious and dangerous because it can deprive the brain of blood, causing parts of the brain to die.
It can be caused by traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes, or even exposure to toxins. It’s most commonly known for being caused by diabetes mellitus. Symptoms with this disease can sometimes improve. When having symptoms with neuropathy it all depends on which type of nerve is affected, they are classified as sensory, motor, and autonomic. Sensory nerves receive sensation from the skin such as temperature, pain, vibration or touch.
A variety of injuries, including a bulging or herniated disc, can occur during an accident in West Virginia. Initially, due to the body’s ability to temporarily mask pain by releasing additional adrenalin (i.e., the fight or flight hormone), an individual may not realize that he or she has sustained an injury. This is the reason that medical care must be sought after even the most minor accident. Neck or Back Pain Following an Auto Accident in West Virginia If the muscles, ligaments, tendons and/or discs in the spinal column become injured, back pain can occur. This pain may be caused by inflammation, muscle spasms, torn tendons and/or ligaments as well as from a herniated disc that is placing pressure on nerve roots.
Those suffering from a concussion may suffer many of the same symptoms as a subarachnoid hemorrhage, including severe headaches and seizures. Rest and pain medicine are often treatments for the condition. Concussions are still a serious brain injury, and they should be diagnosed by a doctor. Neck and back injuries are also common car accident injuries. Pain or stiffness in your back, shoulders, or neck after a car accident may indicate a serious injury.
b. Palliation - Even when cure is not a reasonable expectation, tumors may be resected to relieve pain, life threatening hemorrhage, or compression of vital structures such as the spinal cord, vena cava, or trachea. Surgical bypass of obstructing lesions in the gastrointestinal, urinary, or biliary tracts can improve organ function and relieve distressing symptoms. Limitations of Surgery – Large invasive tumors, most metastatic disease, and hematological malignancies are essentially unresectable. However, solitary metastases in the liver and lung are sometimes successfully resected. Patients with co-existing systemic disease (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, COPD, etc.
Three costs and effects of victimization are financial, physical, and psychological harm. The monetary costs are easy to calculate and any property lost or destroyed insurance might replace. The physical effects may result in temporary injuries like a broken leg, arm, or some other type of broken body part. Lifelong injuries and disabilities like burns, spinal cord injuries, and amputations might also be a result of physical effects. Victims of sexual assault may suffer from unwanted pregnancies, the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, depression, flashbacks, substance abuse and self-harm.
Brain Contusion In the following essay I will be explaining what a brain contusion is, along with the causes, signs and symptoms, and prognosis. A brain contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue. Just like a bruise that happens on other parts of the body, a brain contusion is caused by a blood vessel leak. Since they involve structural brain damage, contusions are more serious than concussions (Brain and Spinal Cord. Org., n.d.) The cause of a brain contusion is often caused by an impact to the head, like: car accident, a fall, or a sports- related accident.
Even if a person is already taking medication for neuropathy, it is possible to reduce pain through safe non-invasive and non-surgical treatments. It may even be possible to discontinue medication because alternative treatments target the cause not just the symptoms. During the past 10 years, there have been advancements in diagnosis and treatment that go beyond medication. It is no longer necessary to live with the tingling, burning and stabbing pain of peripheral neuropathy. Description: Neuropathy is a condition of the peripheral nerves that may cause severe pain in the hands, feet and other areas.
We hear about them all the time; headlines read “Major Athlete Receives Major Head Injury and Concussion”, but do we really know what a concussion is and the dangers it holds? Mayo Clinic defines a concussion as a traumatic brain injury that affects brain function. Effects are generally temporary but may include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance, and coordination. There are several symptoms of a concussion, some of which may include headaches, fatigue, amnesia, temporary loss of consciousness and nausea. Signs of a concussion that require immediate attention include seizures, eyesight disturbances, and large head bumps.
There are side effects from long-term use such as hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, cataracts, and ulcers. Immunotherapeutic agents help to reduce inflammation and hinder the immune response, and they may reduce relapses by about 30%. There are also immunosuppressant which help to decrease the rate of relapse but it does not have an effect on the progression of MS. These are typically used when there is not a response to the immunotherapy drugs. There are a multitude of pharmacologic treatments for MS but there can also be surgical
A particularly worrisome and erroneous belief is that a person must suffer a blow to the head in order to be diagnosed with a concussion (Coghlin, Myles, & Howitt, 2009). Some also think that if you aren’t knocked unconscious then it is isn’t as serious. These misconceptions can results in non-reporting of symptoms and possible undiagnosed concussion. The mechanism of injury is not only identified as a blow the head, it can also be either a blow to the neck, back, face, or any other part of the body or interference with an object such as the ground, another person, or a goal post that can cause force to the brain causing a concussion. The word “concussion” derives from the Latin concussus, which means to shake violently (Brooks & Hunt, 2006).