The study of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) has a very short history. In the following paragraphs, I will show the impacts of the history of studying concussions and CTE in football, as well as the impacts that CTE brings to player’s health. As well as the study of concussions, I will discuss the impacts of concussions on the game of football and the rule changes and equipment changes the National Football League has had to make to improve the safety of the game for the players. Another focus of the NFL I will discuss is the role of improving knowledge of concussions not only professionally, but also in youth and high school level sports to protect younger players.
Short: Concussions and neurodegenerative conditions Descriptive: Modern studies point the link between concussions and the development of neurodegenerative conditions Summary: People who experience a concussion encounter problems with memory and concentration during the whole life. Recent studies confirm that concussions can lead to development of neurodegenerative conditions, such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease later in life. Injuries of the nervous system are of great importance. They are common in war, but also in peacetime, particularly because of the large number of road accidents and accidents at work nowadays. A concussion is a minor brain injury caused by mechanical forces that lead to temporary brain dysfunction.
Brain Injury in Professional Football A reportable concussion had been described as change in brain function induced by trauma. It was demonstrated by: first, altered consciousness, including being amnesic, confused, or rendered insentient. Second, symptoms and signs usually accompanying post-concussion syndrome, such as, persistent headaches, impaired balance, syncope, cognitive dysfunction, hearing loss, blurred vision, drowsiness, lethargy, fatigue, memory disturbance, and difficulty in carrying out routine activities (Casson, Viano and Powell 471). The Concussion Legacy Foundation disclosed that CTE, a degenerative brain disease caused by brain trauma, had been diagnosed among football players from more than 100 college football programs (Concussion Legacy Foundation).
Concussions are increasingly being recognized as a public health issue. Traumatic brain injuries, like concussions, have short and long term side effects. The long term effects of concussions are not fully known, however, it has been observed that multiple concussions have cumulative effects. (Kutcher et al., 2013). Understanding the effects of concussions on brain activity is key to developing assessments and preventing future injury. Current assessments rely on symptom inventories or other clinical measures that are lacking in accuracy. Athletes’ safety is at risk without subjective measures to diagnose and evaluate recovery from a concussion. With further research, brain imaging techniques like EEG could be used to evaluate concussions
This may damage or ultimately kill nerve cells, and spread as the disease progresses; one of the advanced stages is that brain shrinkage may occur. Researchers are working to refine brain scan techniques to identify Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy tau deposits in living brains. They are also looking for clues in people’s blood or cerebrospinal fluid that would allow them diagnose the disease before death. A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis.
Traumatic brain injuries sustained in the National Football League has risen steadily since the first game was played. The public, as well as players, have been inadequately informed of the severity of concussions resulting from severe head trauma. Players have been sent back into play with life threatening injuries that may be invisible immediately but detrimental when observed long term. The National Football League has covered the concussion issue due to the lack of publicly the sport receives when role players are out with a concussion or another injury. Concussions and traumatic brain related injuries have become a costly problem in the National Football League (NFL), and most instances are mistreated and covered up.
However, it is also important to note that a concussion can also take place outside of sports, meaning it can happen to anybody. For instance, there have been incidents where a person tripped while running, fell, and the impact of their head’s contact with the ground caused a concussion. Or, in a car accident many front-seat passengers, or even the driver, have slammed their heads against the dashboard/steering wheel, also possibly resulting in a concussion. Concussions when treated can be healed in a timely manner. Unfortunately, throughout history, there has been a tendency for people to overlook a concussion as a serious injury, therefore, making it more problematic than it already is.
Survivors of traumatic brain injuries are lucky. Two examples of traumatic brain injury survivors are Phineas Gage and Tracy Morgan. Both survived their accident, and they both were given a second chance at life. However, their lives were forever changed. Phineas Gage was in a railroad blasting accident when his tamping iron struck some black powder.
More now than ever athletes are being watched out for when there is trauma to the brain. After multiple cases of poor treatment to concussions parents and doctors are cracking down on letting concussions not be a big deal. As more studies advance, it is discovered that every case is different. The range is created by severity, past experience with trauma, and how the patient heals. Concussions in sports can range in severity, and how they affect each individual over time depending on times of impact.
More now than before, athletes are being extremely cautious when there is trauma to the brain. After multiple cases of poor treatment, parents and doctors are taking control of an epidemic of untreated concussions. As more studies advance, it is discovered that every case is different. The range of seriousness is created by severity, past experience with trauma, and how the patient heals. Concussions in sports can range in severity, and how they affect each individual over time depending on times of impact.
They found out that the most effective treatment is allowing the injured teen just one to go days of quiet time until their symptoms are gone. The teen can slowly start returning to normal levels of activity, little by little. For most mild brain injuries, the recovery process takes a week to three weeks. Mood changes in their concussed children and math was most frequently cited as the greatest academic challenge. This is why their homework might be reduced and they may need to reschedule tests.
Almost 58,000 concussions were reported from the NCAA, which represents 1,200 colleges/universities, in the 2001-02 season (“Head Injuries”). That is about 48 concussions per school, and 1 in every 23 athletes. Sports and recreational concussions have become a more serious issue over the past decade. Many parents, coaches, and players deem concussions not serious and resume playing in the game. The increase in concussions, mainly in sports, has a long-lasting effect on the human brain and needs to be taken more seriously.
There are also long term effects that a concussion might have on you such as, memory problems, personality changes, language impairment, and lack of concentration (www.brainhealth.utdallas.edu). To ensure the safety of individuals with concussion they will be ran through a series of test. One of the test is called a neurological examination which the doctor will run a series of test that involve items such as, vision, hearing, balance, coordination and reflexes. A doctor may run another test on individual known as cognitive testing which includes a person’s memory, concentration, and the ability to recall information.
America is obsessed with sports and competition, and one sport that signifies America is football. Today many professional football players across the country suffer from a common injury which is a concussion. This injury can threaten an athletics career and most of all permanently injure the brain. Former retired NFL players now deal with short term memory loss, and depression because of this brain injury. The increased amount of concussions in athletics today calls for more education on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of traumatic brain injury.