Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

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1. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): results from a nondegenerative, noncongenital injury to the brain that is caused by an external (usually mechanical) force that leads to a short-term or long-lasting perceptive, physical and psychosocial capacities, with a related lessened or adjusted condition of awareness. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI): the term mild refers to the to the severity of physical trauma that results from the injury, but the term can be misleading. mTBI results from an external acceleratory or declaratory force that is accompanied by a lost of cognitive, physical, psychosocial capacities, or an altered state of consciousness. Concussion: is a transient form of TBI that is common in both contact and non-contact sports. It develops from the rapid acceleration or deceleration of the brain within the skull, and its effects are usually accompanied by a bevy of physical, cognitive, and emotional signs and symptoms that make…show more content…
The high school sports that pose the greatest risk for sustaining a concussion are contact sports such as football, girls’ soccer and lacrosse, and ice hokey. Concussions are more likely to occur during competition than during practice, and this could be the result of the high intensity, high pressure circumstances that competitions require. You often practice with teammates and care is given to prevent injury, while competitions are against a foe and all effort is given to win the game at any cost.

4. Among the sports played by both genders, females suffered a higher rate of concussions than their male counterparts. The authors suggested that the “Biomechanical differences in the head and neck have been suggested as a reason why female athletes may be at higher risk for concussion”, and that “female athletes may generally be more honest about reporting injuries than male athletes” ” (Marar 754). These reasons could offer an explanation as to why the rates of concussions are higher in females than
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