Among all facial injuries, dental injuries are the most common. As much as 18% of all injuries in children up to 6 years of age are seen in the oral region.2 Injuries to the primary dentition are common, occurring with a significantly higher annual incidence than in the permanent dentition. One third of all children in the primary dentition stage suffer from traumatic injuries to the mouth. This is possibly related to poor motor coordination and is sometimes due to the child’s inability to evaluate
Treatment: a. Endodontic treatment b. Apicectomy c. Extraction in case of severe bone loss d. Enucleation with 1ry closure e. Marsupilization with larger ones VI. CHRONIC ALVEOLAR ABSCESS Etiology: a. Pulpal necrosis b. Associated with chronic periapical periodontitis and abscess Signs and Symptoms: a. A sinus tract is usually common opening into the oral cavity b. Generally asymptomatic Diagnosis: a.
Similarly when a patient is diagnosed with the hip damaging and is about to undergo this hip resurfacing surgery should become extra responsible. All the medicines and drugs should be taken time to time. Surgeon’s advices and therapies should also be followed in regular intervals and under proper guidance. Regular check-ups should be key factor before and after the surgery. Ultimately doctors are the one who are going to perform this surgery.
Treatment is typically in view of the measure of torment you are feeling. Numerous medications may be attempted and can incorporate applying warmth, rubbing the territory of the removal, and biofeedback to diminish muscle pressure in the lingering appendage. Different medications that can be attempted are needle therapy, pharmaceuticals, (for example, anticonvulsants and antidepressants), and some of the time surgery to uproot scar tissue snaring a nerve. Generally, the best approach is to join different medicines. Different medicines may incorporate transcutaneous electrical nerve incitement (TENS) of the remaining appendage.
Dental phobia is majorly linked to and has a significant impact on the deterioration of oral health. Dental phobia is the main cause of fewer dentist visits. The findings of this research were compatible with the findings of the literature reviews. Additional comparisons were made to relate dental phobia to frequency of dentist visits and its relation to oral
It is a challenging procedure to rehabilitate an atrophied edentulous jaw by placing conventional implants. Although various bone augmentation procedure like ridge augmentation, sinus lift are in practice but it may lead to the morbidity of donor’s site. Sometimes patient is not willing for such extensive surgical procedures. In such cases basal implants is a viable treatment option. Basal implants derive support from the basal bone area which usually remains free from the infection and less prone to resorption.
• If just the tip of your finger was removed, the wound will typically heal on its own with a protective dressing and regular cleaning. • For more severe injuries, a portion of skin may need to be taken from another part of the body (graft) and attached to the wound site until it heals. • If a large portion of the finger was amputated, it may be possible to reattach it surgically (replantation). HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS • Take medicines only as directed by your health care provider. • If you were prescribed an antibiotic medicine, finish all of it even if you start to feel better.
Indirect pulp treatment is the procedure where the carious tissue is removed and a thin layer of caries is left at the deepest sites of the cavity preparation. In the cavity preparation complete caries removal would result in pulp exposure.1 It is important that the lateral walls of the cavity preparation are caries-free for interfacial seal and adequate control of microleakage.1 Indications for indirect pulp capping procedure are on a tooth with no pulpitis or with reversible pulpitis where a thin layer of dentine is left behind to prevent iatrogenic pulpal exposure.2 Reversible pulpitis is associated with discomfort and pain on stimulus such as sweet or cold. The duration of the pain is short. Causes of discomfort may be due to dentinal sensitivity, caries or deep restoration. Dentinal sensitivity is not an inflammatory
Clinical technique: • If tooth is grossly decayed band the tooth • Anesthetize the tooth • To isolate the tooth apply the rubber dam • Remove soft caries either with spoon excavator or round bur • To avoid exposure a thin layer of dentin and some amount of caries is left • On the exposed dentin calcium hydroxide paste is placed • Cover the calcium hydroxide with zinc oxide eugenol base217 • Amalgam restoration should be given, If restoration is to be given for a longer time • Tooth should be evaluated after 6 to 8 weeks • After 2 to 3 months, remove the cement and evaluate the tooth preparation. If due to remineralization and/or formation of secondary dentin, the soft dentin has become hard, then remove any residual soft debris and then finally give protective cement base and place the permanent restorative material Direct pulp capping: • Direct pulp capping technique includes the placement of biocompatible material over the site of pulp exposure to keep up the vitality and advance healing. • At the point when a little mechanical exposure of pulp happens during tooth preparation or following an injury, an appropriate protective base ought to be set in contact with the uncovered pulp tissue so as to maintain the vitality of the remaining pulp
The goal of dentistry is to replace missing teeth to restore masticatory function and aesthetics. Treatment of such situation is either removable prostheses or a fixed bridge framework, which not only cause discomfort to the patient but also involves the preparation of one or more healthy teeth.1 Autotransplantation involves the transfer of tooth from one portion of alveolus to another site in the same individual. This site may be either an extraction site or a fresh surgically prepared alveolar segment.2 A tooth germ with early Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath (HERS) formation can be successfully transplanted if it is well placed in the bony socket and wrapped with soft tissue.3 A successful outcome of a transplanted tooth provides improved