During World War II, Hitler and his Nazi Party exterminated many groups of people throughout all of Europe in different concentration camps. One of the most famous concentration camps was Auschwitz. This is where he deported over a million people between 1940 and 1945, ranging from Jews, Poles, Soviet soldiers, Gypsies, homosexuals, etc. and killing about 1.3 of the 1.5 million. About 90% of the people Hitler targeted were Jews.
The liquidation had killed over 2,000 people, while they “transferred” another 2,000 Jews. On April 6, 1944, the Nazis raid a french home in Izieu, France housing Jewish children. The children aged from five to seventeen, were watched by seven adults. The Gestapo- a secret police force for the Nazis- had pulled up in front of the orphanage. They trampled into the house, taking all the children.
A cold war between the United Stated and the Soviet Union began in the result of the War. Wars would follow this one called “surrogate wars.” World War II lasted for 12 years. Hitler had built countless camps where 11 million people were murdered. 6 million of those were Jews. The Jewish population was cut down so much.
In the camps more than one million people died during World War II, other sources say 1.1 million died in Auschwitz. There are many reasons of death caused by the Nazis in Auschwitz such as in the gas chambers, the Nazis use Zyklon-B as a way to murder the Non-Aryans, once they were murdered they were put into a crematorium which was used to burn the bodies. If the Jews or Non-Aryans disrespected or did not follow the Nazi’s commands they were either shot or hanged if the non-Aryans were not fed enough they either starved to death or got sick and died. One source said 2.1 to 2.5 million Non-Aryans died in the gas chambers. On January 27, 1945, the Soviet army entered Krakow and liberated the Auschwitz Death Camps.
May 20th, 1940 Nazis open up Auschwitz concentration camp Nov. 15th, 1940 Warsaw Ghetto was sealed off – Approx. 400,000 inside July 1941 Einsatzgruppen (killing squads) began to kill Jews -33,000 dead in 2 days in Babi Yar, near Kiev July 31st, 1941 The “Final Solution” was introduced Dec. 8th,1941 First extermination camp at Chelmno was
After breakfast, the Jews were lined up in rows of ten and counted. Everyone was required to line up, even dead bodies of victims who died during the night were placed in the rows. If one were to move, fall, or not pay attention, they were executed immediately (even in harsh weather conditions.) After being counted, everyone marched to their work stations. When prisoners arrived to their work, they were tormented by guards.
Within a few weeks, there are over six hundred Italian Jews. The German SS men shows up later on and tells the Jews they’ll be leaving but no one knows where. The horrifying part is when the German SS men said “For every person missing at roll-call, ten would be shot.” (Page 5 line 15-16) Many people in the camp knew this was a death journey and many of them cried. Some were drunk and some were
Kristallnacht or Crystal Night was when ,Germans angry because of the assassination of German Diplomat Ernst vom Rath, rioted. In this they destroyed windows of Jewish synagogues, buildings, stores, and ended the lives of over 91 people. 30,000 people were arrested and put in Concentration
This camp was heavily populated also due to the fact that it had a killing center. Auschwitz II alone played a major role in the German plan of killing the entire Jewish population. The use of Zyklon B, a gas used to kill more than one million Jews in gas chambers, was also introduced at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The SS continued operating the gas chambers until November
The largest of them being Jews which amounted to 1,095,000 being deported and 960,000 of them had been executed. Next was the Pole 147,000 had been deported and 74,000 had been killed. 23,000 Roma’s were captured leaving only 2000 to walk away. Everyone of the 15,000 Soviet prisioners had been killed, and lastly 25,000 of other groups and colors whom only had 12,000 die. All together Auschwitz had nearly 1.3 million people walk through the gates and only 200,000 had survived.
Daily Life in The Concentration Camps “… the personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jews.” – Adolf Hitler. It was a very sad time in Germany, it all started when Adolf Hitler got elected. His plan was to wipe out the Jews from all of existence, and he ended up killing 11 million people. The first part of his plan was to open up a few camps, and he ended up with 20,000 concentration camps, some of the main camps are Aushwits-Burkina, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, Sobibor, Treblinka, Theresienstat, and Buchenwald. “The first concentration camp in the Nazi system, Dachau opened in March 1933.” The Jews would take freight trains and cattle cars, without any food or water.