“Through thundering gun, and cannon fire, you can hear shouting of wounded soldiers or bold attackers, storming and laughing at death” (Calm, Unknown). Trench warfare is probably one of the most iconic and studied factors of WWI. Soldier’s accounts and documented experiences of the warfare on European frontlines have illustrated the terrible and miserable conditions soldiers faced. “By late 1916 the Western Front containted more than 1,000 kilometers of frontline and reserve trenches” (Alpha History:TrenchWarfare,J.Llewellyn). Enemy attacks on trenches and advancing soldiers could come from an assortment of sources; Sniper fire, machine guns, poison gas, artillery shells, mortars, grenades, and underground mines. Soldiers were taught no mercy …show more content…
The trenches unsheltered from the elements would become murky quagmires filled with filthy water which would lead to “trench foot” a form of gangrene caused by the foot being constantly emerged in water. Trench soldiers also were constantly infested with lice, ticks, flies, mosquitos. These pesky creatures carried with them annoying bites accompanied by deadly diseases such as west Nile and infected scalp. Diseases also ran rapid through the trenches. There was no formal or proper hygiene while in the trenches, and medical care was less than desirable. Most of the time the cure was worse than the illness. Diseases like Cholera, Typhus, and Disentary thrived because of animals such as rats and mice. While poor sewage and terrible waste disposal along with stagnant water, ruined food, and uncovered decaying bodies laid host to numerous diseases. While the Western front laid way for diseases and sickness the terrority between enemy lines known as “no man’s land” was a literal nightmare. “Twas like the face of the moon, chaotic, crater-ridden, uninhabitable, awful, the abode of madness”(Wilfred Owen). No mans land was that of actual and metaphoric
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In total, over 600,000 soldiers lost their lives in battle and to disease. While many soldiers anticipated the honorable death of dying on the field, there were twice as many soldiers that died from disease in the camp as that that died in battle. During the 19th century, medicine was relatively primative, and the lack of the germ theory or knowledge of antiseptic resulted in rapid disease spreading. Lack of general resources such as adequate clothes, nutrition, clean water, and santitary stations also contributed to the spread of common diseases like measles, typhoid fever, and malaria. Most commonly, soldiers suffered from diarheia and disentary, which combined with lack of clean water resulted in many cruel deaths.
In order to analyze and answer the question, we must first understand the context of trench warfare. World War 1 was a time when advanced weapons and technology were invented. Weapons such as machine guns, artillery, tanks, and other long range military weapons were used at the opposing side. To defend against a wide use of artillery and other long range weapons, trench warfare was used by both the allied and central powers. Trench warfare was a very important factor in World War 1, not only because it would defend one’s own trench, but also attempt to attack the enemies at the same time.
Although, not all of these fatalities were from seized from enemy fire; nearly two-thirds of the total deaths were caused by diseases that struck those who were fighting. The idea that caused so many deaths was due to the spreading of germs. Surgeons would operate on open wounds and though many were to be treated, infections were persistent during the war and would slowly kill the soldiers whom it affected. Because of the death toll from the spreading of germs and infections, the Union states in the North began transporting wounded soldiers to nearby hospitals for medical care. Soon after officials realized the medical system needed to be revamped, the ambulance corps was put in place.
However at that time they did not have a specific diagnosis for all the soldiers going through them (Bourke bbc.co.uk). As a result of the constant shelling and the shellshock that stemmed from it, it is obvious how miserable these soldiers must have been after going through that kind of
I have a very large of dying from the sicknesses getting passed around. I overheard General George Washington say that around 3,989 soldiers have gotten sick by February (Busch 147). And that 2,500 deaths have come from sickness (Busch 147). Frostbite and Smallpox have played a big part here at Valley Forge. Frostbite has gotten many people’s limb taken off.
According to Devine about 2,642 cases of gangrene were reported. During the Civil War the physicians believed that gangrene was caused by some strands of streptococci, after the war bacteria gangrene became known as ‘gas gangrene’ and soldiers needed to be isolated. Gangrene was contagious, they blamed this on poorly ventilated rooms and crowded hospitals. Bollet wrote that some “tents were well ventilated and few patients, thus decreasing the opportunity for erysipelas and hospital gangrene to spread.” Erysipelas was a skin infection similar to gangrene.
The trenches were unsanitary and rats and lice helped spread diseases. In such close quarters, illnesses such as the cold, fever, or tuberculosis spread quickly. Cold, wet weather resulted in injuries becoming more infected and a disease known as trench foot, which could lead to amputation (Duffy).The soldiers got little sleep and had no clean clothing. Food and water were also limited. During a battle, soldiers had could have no food or water for days, leading to starvation or dehydration.
The Battle of Normandy otherwise known as “D-Day” was one of the most famous battles to be held during World War II and took place over a fifty mile stretch of the Normandy coastline. Allied forces that included the United States, United Kingdom and Canada took over Nazi forces which eventually lead to the mass destruction of the German forces. This intense invasion started on June 6th, 1944 and included parachute landings, air and naval attacks and many different phases of land and sea invasions throughout the day. The Allied forces were equipped with a staggering amounts of weaponry including, fifty thousand vehicles, four thousand warships and over eleven thousand planes ready to send into action. Choosing a supreme commander for this attack was crucial and
Throughout the ages, wars have wreaked havoc and caused great destruction that lead to the loss of millions of lives. However, wars also have an immensely destructive effect on the individual soldier. In the novel All Quiet on the Western Front written by Erich Maria Remarque, one is able to see exactly to what extent soldiers suffered during World War 1 as well as the effect that war had on them. In this essay I will explain the effect that war has on young soldiers by referring to the loss of innocence of young soldiers, the disillusionment of the soldiers and the debasement of soldiers to animalistic men. Many soldiers entered World War 1 as innocent young boys, but as they experienced the full effect of the war they consequently lost their innocence.
World War I, or also known as the War to End All Wars was a global war that began in July, 28th, 1914 and ended in November, 11, 1918. The war included 70 million military personnel, most of them were Europeans who fought in one of the most enormous wars in history. Around 7 million civilians and over 9 million soldiers were killed by the gruesome new technological and industrial advancements in weapons of destruction, including a new devastating type of strategy called Trench Warfare. Trench Warfare caused devastation in every front and in Europe, however it also caused destruction in the minds of soldiers. War in All quiet on the Western Front is shown as futile and dehumanizing to the soldiers however comradeship also flourishes in the war
This lead to malnutrition and death because of the low food quality. Diseases were rampant around the camp. Dysentery, malaria dropsy, diarrhea, scurvy, consumption, bronchitis, pneumonia, and smallpox were common causes of death among the camp(Kohn). The diseases made the conditions even worse because sick prisoners would spread diseases and lower the bar for living conditions. These diseases were probably contracted because the river used for drinking was often clogged up with feces and other waste.
Introduction Peter Weir’s Gallipoli is based on the historical events from World War One in 1915, in Gallipoli. World War One started on the 28th of July 1914 and continued until the 11 of November 1918, the movie is set in 1915 from about the start of the year until 7th of August 1915 when the Battle of the Nek took place. This essay will discuss the accuracies and inaccuracies of the film Gallipoli compared to the events of World War One in 1915. The accuracies and inaccuracies of how the war started and who started World War One will be examined along with life in the trenches and the Australian attitudes to the war and the propaganda.