Mania symptoms cause significant impairment in your life and may require hospitalization. b. Bipolar II disorder. You’ve had at least one major depressive episodes lasting at least two weeks and at least one hypomanic episode lasting at least four days, but you’ve never had a manic episode. Major depressive episodes or the unpredictable changes in mood and behavior. c. Cyclothymic disorder.
Description Alopecia Areata is a common autoimmune disease that causes adverse effects on the hair follicle which results into dramatic hair loss (Li, 2015). Not only does the disease cause changes in an individual’s outer appearance, but it has also been discovered to have many adverse effects on the psychiatric well being of the individual (Papadopoulos, 2000). Alopecia areata is non-scarring, does not cause inflammation, and can be seen in multiple areas of the body, primarily the scalp of the head (Kolalapudi, 2013). Alopecia areata “occurs in a patchy, confluent or diffuse pattern” (Amin, 2013). “The onset is usually rapid and this disease can evolve to a point where all the hair is lost on the scalp or even the whole body” (Tharumanathan, 2015).
The most common treatment for depressed patients is a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy and medication to improve serotonin levels. Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on changing the patterns of the mind to improve the outlook on life. As for PTSD patients, they will normally go through a therapy process that is called Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EDMR). This type of therapy teaches the patient to take away the negative feelings from the traumatic event. EDMR is very successful in most
The treatment used to treat DID is psychotherapy — a treatment that is recommended that focuses on “individual modality and emphasize the integration of the various personality states into one”. Another treatment that is medication. Medication is usually needed with patients that have a severe problem with depressions, anxiety, anger and impulse control. Medications that are commonly used are antidepressants — citalopram, venlafaxine, phenelzine, fluoxetine, and sertraline. Depressants, such as carisoprodol, atropine, benzodiazepines, and cyclobenzaprine.
Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder that alters one's ability to function normally. As there is no cure, treating it is based on the individual and the severity of the case. One of the more popular and prevalent forms of treatment for Tourette’s found today is medication, which in some cases may be absolutely necessary in order for a person to function normally. There are other medications used to treat other disorders that help lessen the frequency of tics, yet a few factors must be taken into account before considering taking medication such as: the tic severity, the age of the individual, medical history, and past response, if any, to medication. Medication can help with reducing severe or disruptive tics that might interfere with with school, work, or cause stress, and
Trichotillomania is a chronic disorder the main symptom is recurrent hair pulling. An overwhelming urge to pull out one 's hair from several places on the body, with the scalp being the most common location. Trichotillomania presents defies to clinicians in many areas as well as assessment, treatment, and research Several assessment techniques to measure the severity of trichotillomania exist, each of which has advantages and disadvantages in establishing a diagnosis. Because it is still a relatively poorly understood disorder, treatment options for patients reporting these behaviors are limited and generally are confined to pharmacological therapy and habit-reversal behavior therapy. Mansueto, Stemberger, Thomas, and Golomb have published some information in the effort to explain some cues and fact about trichotillomania.
Excoriation Disorder Skin picking is a disorder that is often overlooked. Many people don’t recognize it as such and therefore, the victims of this disorder do not realize what it is and go without help. I am going to explain what defines this disorder and shed some light on how real it really is. You may be wondering what on earth skin picking is.
The other forms of treatment that could help him is, cognitive and creative therapies. Although there are no current medications that could treat his condition, he can use antidepressants, anxiety medications and/or tranquilizers can control his symptoms of
OCD has a four-factor symptom structure which include; symmetry factors, such as ordering and repeating; forbidden thoughts factors, as in sexual and religious obsessions; cleaning factors; and hoarding factors (Bloch et al, 2008). Individuals usually receive intrusive thoughts in time of worry and may engage in ritualistic behaviours when under stress, for example during exam season for students, or war veterans who have PTSD. The difference in terms of the obsessions and compulsions one faces in OCD and in PTSD is the amount of excessiveness on a continuum (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). For OCD, some individual’s obsessions reach to a point of delusional beliefs and their compulsions affect day-to-day life. In PTSD, these symptoms are not as severe, unless both mental disorders are co-occurring which is possible.
A patient with OCD exhibits at least two criteria. Criteria 1 involves recurrent persistent thoughts or urges and criteria 2 involves repetitive behaviors (DSM V) Having signs and symptoms of obsession and compulsion can take different forms. Bess has OCD subtypes such as contamination and unacceptable thoughts. The sorting receptivity, four to five times a day is a sign of compulsive.
“Adequate treatment requires a combination of pharmacotherapy and various psychosocial interventions that target the child’s specific difficulties” (PSYCHOSIS IN CHILDHOOD AND ITS MANAGEMENT, 2002). Pharmacotherapy is medical treatment by the means of using pharmaceutical drugs. This is a very effective way to solve this disorder because it helps the children cope with it. “Interventions targeted at improving family functioning, problem solving, communication skills, and relapse prevention have been shown to decrease relapse rates in adults” (PSYCHOSIS IN CHILDHOOD AND ITS MANAGEMENT, 2002). These interventions usually include both of the parents and the child.
The way that most people recover from psychosis, is through treatment, whether it be medical treatment consisting of medications or through therapy. In some cases of psychosis the patient may be urged to hurt themselves or inflict self harm, or harm others, when this is the case the most common treatment is a treatment called, Rapid Tranquilization. In rapid tranquilization, it’s a fast acting shot that calms the patient down allowing the patient to rid of their anger or annoyance. Another form of treatment consists of medications that include antipsychotics. “These medicines reduce hallucinations and delusions and help people think more clearly.
Scared of loosing hair Throughout the history hair has played an important role in our lives. For both men and women it symbolized their youthfulness. Other than that, for women, hair signifies the feminineness and as for men it signifies virility as well as manliness. However, starting to lose hair is a problem that makes you move and turn the worry beads of your string. Indeed, it is no surprise that hair lose makes you feel self-conscious.
The behavior I will attempt to change is hair pulling. About ten years ago I was diagnosed with trichotillomania because I felt I couldn't control pulling out my hair from my scalp. Since the diagnosis, the actual hair pulling has fluctuated. There were some years where I almost forgot that I had this problem, and other years where I could only wear my hair up to hide bald spots. The past two years I have noticed myself pulling out my hair less and less.