Introduction Cerebral palsy is a life-long static physical disability that doesn’t worsen, nor get better over time. Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that covers a few different types of CP. Cerebral palsy has many great affects on one’s physical development such as muscle tone, movement, coordination, control, balance, gross/fine motor functions and oral motor functions in ways to make a person’s life more difficult. Causes Of Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the brain either before, during or shortly after birth. About 70% of cerebral palsy cases are caused by prenatal injuries, and is the most common lead to CP.
4.1) HEALTH PROBLEMS: 4.1.1) Heart Diseases The cause of the heart diseases can came from many factors. Sometimes the danger factor is family history. Those with parents or close relatives with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves.
Thalassemia is the most common inherited disorder in the world that represents a major public concern. It is characterized by a defect in the genes responsible for production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that consists of alpha and beta chains. If the genetic mutations prevent any formation of beta chains then beta-thalassemia occurs which involves abnormal development of red blood cells and eventually anemia (1, 2).
Triple-X syndrome only affects females because the chromosomes that are affected by this disease are the sex chromosomes, 23rd chromosomes. Description of the Symptoms Triple-X syndrome is generally goes undiagnosed throughout the child’s life. Some symptoms are the child is taller than average, delayed speech, and learning disabilities.
According to WebMD, the first type of spinal muscular disease is the most serious variant due to the fact that most children with type 1 fail to live past two years of age from breathing issues because the muscles that control breathing are feeble. Symptoms of type 1 include limp arms and legs as well as the trouble swallowing. Moreover, type 2 spinal muscular atrophy occurs with children from six to eighteen months old. According to the National Organization for Rare Diseases, children with type 2 are able to sit on their own, but fail to walk more than 10 feet, however, once they mature to a teenager, they will be unable to sit independently. A symptom common for people diagnosed with type 2 is the fingers quivering (National Organization for Rare Diseases).
Due to the lack of proper health care in these countries, many children with Rotavirus also get the stomach flu (Gastroenteritis), which causes diarrhea, vomiting, dry mouth, and dehydration. This is why Gastroenteritis and Rotavirus go hand in hand, similar symptoms. The way Gastroenteritis is spread is similar to Rotavirus, by improper hand washing and through people infected with the virus. Many children affected with these viruses tend to die because their immune systems cannot handle the severity of the diseases and their countries cannot offer proper
Every 65 seconds, a new diagnosis of alzheimer 's occurs which has led it to be the 6th leading cause of death in the United States . Killing more than breast cancer and prostate cancer combined. With this disease still growing, todays medicational treatments for these diseases have been improving over the years but has recently began to start showing many negative effects. With that being said, it has been found that while these medications claim to help they also cause abnormal amounts of distress to the patients who are prescribed them such as diarrhea, vomiting, fatigue, and even fainting. Another negative about medicinal therapy is that there is a time limit on how long the positive effects actually help unlike art therapy which can be used at any time of the day with no specific expiration.
In the US there are about forty-six thousand non-smoking people die from secondhand smoke exposure. People who smoke cigarette had lung cancer more than non-smokers. The cigarette contains seven thousand chemical and seventy chemical can cause lung cancer. Some small children are also addicted to smoke they smoke every day and at the age of 15 - 18 they get a heart attack. Smoking addiction starts at the young age and like eighty percent of American start smoking before 18 years old and forty-six million Americans age 18 or older smoke cigarette.
Diseases where very a very common cause of death. To understand why they raised the death rate up so high, we need to know about how the life expectancy. Middle class men were expected to live up to 45 years, work men and labourers up to 23 years, children were lucky of they lived up to 5 years due to the absence if vaccines. The diseases that prevented the
Preterm birth, defined as childbirth occurring at less than 37 weeks or 259 days of gestation, is a major determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and has long-term antithetical consequences for health.1-3 Children who are born preterm have higher rates of cerebral palsy, sensory deficits, learning disabilities and respiratory illnesses compared with children born full term. The morbidity related with preterm birth often extends to later life, resulting in enormous physical, psychological and economic costs.4, 5 Preterm children are at greater risk of motor impairments and these impairments often persist into adolescence. Premature infants comprise a special group of high-risk infants. Their motor development is distinct from that of healthy full - term infants and their occurrence of motor disorders is higher than their incidence of recognition and behavioral disorders.6 About 10 – 20% of all pregnancies and 9% of neonates are at risk7. According to international studies, 2.6 – 10% of neonates with birth weight of <1500 g).
This Neural tube defect is not as common, but it is one of the most severe cases. Each year, about 1,000 babies are affected. Anencephaly can occur when the top portion of the spinal cord doesn’t close all the way. That baby that is born with this will have little to no brain matter. The baby may be missing some of its skull, and will have birth defects of the head and face.
There are four different types of melanoma. In 70 percent of most cases of melanoma, superficial spreading melanoma is found the most in young adults; a second form of melanoma starts of as a flat or slightly raised tan, and it is mostly found in older adults; a third form of melanoma begins under the nails and is the most common type
If a person carries the premutation gene and does not pass the affected X chromosome to their offspring, that person can still have other complications or problems. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, “Males who have a premutation...are at risk for fragile X associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS).” Other complications that can occur when you carry the premutation are: fibromyalgia, thyroid disease, hypertension, neuropathy and premature ovarian failure
Forty percent of autistic people have average or advanced intellectual ability (Rodger 6). Autistic people like a routine or pattern and when that pattern is changed they become upset. People with autism also have exceptionally long term memories
Children under the age of two and older adults who have weak immune systems are at the most risk. Pneumococcal meningitis is harmful and can cause severe brain damage or ca even cause someone to go deaf. Meningococcal meningitis is the second most common form of meningitis and it is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides. People at risk for this disease include infants under the age of one, people who travel to foreign countries, freshmen in college who live in the dorms and people with suppressed immune systems. Between 10 and 15 percent of the cases are fatal and 10 to 15 percent up end with brain