In the essay, “A Genealogy of Modern Racism”, the author Dr. Cornel West discusses racism in depth, while conveying why whites feel this sense of superiority. We learn through his discussion that whites have been forced to treat black harshly due to the knowledge that was given to them about the aesthetics of beauty and civility. This knowledge that was bestowed on the whites in the modern West, taught them that they were superior to all races tat did not emulate the norms of whites. According to Dr. West the very idea that blacks were even human beings is a concept that was a “relatively new discovery of the modern West”, and that equality of beauty, culture, and intellect in blacks remains problematic and controversial in intellectual circles
Carnegie, Conwell, and Alger Advocates of Wealth for All During the late nineteenth century, a form of Social Darwinism emerged called the Gospel of Wealth also known as the Success Gospel. Social Darwinism is “Herbert Spencer’s adaptation of Charles Darwin’s concepts of natural selection and “survival of the fittest” as it applies to human society” (Nash p. 417). Social Darwinists believed that the social order was the product of the natural selection of the individuals that were best suited for the existing living conditions. These individuals were white, Anglo-Saxon, wealthy men. This theory, Social Darwinism, was applied to the monopolistic efforts of businessmen as John D. Rockefeller, Jr. so eloquently stated: “The growth of a large business is merely the survival of the fittest” (Nash p. 417).
Joseph Chamberlain projected this view for the British empire, in which the welfare of Britain depended upon the preservation of the empire. “I am convinced that it is a necessity as well as a duty for us to uphold the dominion and empire which we now possess.” Early 1900s saw daily life saturated with imperial themes and messages and imperial rhetoric became increasingly central within political discourse. Ideas of the ‘civilizing mission’ which would elevate these territories to a higher standard, a western standard, were based upon the ideas of ‘social Darwinism’. The doctrine of the survival of the fittest from Charles Darwin’s evolutionary thesis was applied to human society and therefore fitness was synonymous for white skin. Thus almost every relationship between colonizers and the colonized
The historical oppression of different groups of people, which was enforced through the ideology of white-supremacy and capitalism, is responsible for the unequal realities irrespective of race and ethnicity. White-supremacy is defined as an ideology created by individuals in power, which is utilized to oppress several populations of people by defining them as “inferior”. White-supremacy is enforced through an ontological discourse of categorization. The ontological discourse of categorization is discussing the significance behind the existence of others, and categorizing them based on conclusion drawn from those discussions. Categorizing human beings makes it easier for the oppressor to divide and conquer because their divisive tactics attempt to disempower the minority while empowering the majority.
According to marxian theory, power is generally obtained through wealth and privilege (exploring soci textbok). The individuals at the top of societies hierarchy structure decide how wealth is both produce and distribute, with little attention to equality. The “mosaic” portion of The Vertical Mosaic is strongly heritage based, focusing on factors such as race, ethnicity (ancestry, genetic culture), language, region, religion and immigration status. Prior to Porters work, several would argue that although Canada had diverse cultural groups, everyone had equal opportunity. Unfortanity, race became a social Although many of Porters ideas still remain relevant, a modern vertical
Discourse refers to a collection of narratives, statements, and opinions dealing with a certain topic. Here Colonial discourse means the collection of narratives, statements, and opinions that deals with colonized people. But there is something wrong in this discourse which makes it the central problem of postcolonial writers. the problem is that this discourse is defined by European colonizers and from their perspective without any attention to natives sight. "This discourse isn 't very kind to colonized peoples.
Although it seems bizarre and estranged to imagine Italians, Polish, and other European individuals treated as non-whites, there was a time when they were ostracized like other races. An amount of dislike can be seen through John Dollard’s repeated use of “our temporary Negroes” to describe the immigrant working class (p.41) The title also hints at the volatility of whiteness and the fact that it is a social construct. Due to the innate normality of whiteness, there isn’t an explicit timeline on the historical events of whiteness, for this reason this section and title perfectly shed light on an unknown aspect of white race. Another aspect that must be taken into consideration is the process of the aforementioned transition. While the acceptance of white immigrants was inevitable, the gradual process was definitively
Frantz Fanon wrote- “Imperialism leaves behind germs of rot which we must clinically detect and remove from our land and from our mind as well.’’ The residue of colonization allows for the continued stratification of people. Rejecting labels, selfishness, egotism, a black and white binary discrimination judgements are, instead, traits of the decolonized. A decolonized mind defends culture by defending the root of who we are. A person with decolonized mind accepts their past, loves their present and creates their future, regardless of what stands in their way. The Shadow Lines is an attempt by Amitav Ghosh to show the Blurring of lines or
Stella Gurin Godat AP Literature 28 February 2018 Imperialism Essay In the Heart of Darkness, The Hollow Men, and The White Man’s Burden, each author writes upon his social commentary on imperialism, striking similarities within each other and primarily to Conrad’s masterpiece. All three pieces illustrate the hidden depth of greed and power that humanity attains with the colonization of Africa. The obsession of power pushes the European nations to cross mortal boundaries. In the nineteenth century, European States, namely being England, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany, scrambled to form colonial empires and maintain and build their power. Through the expenditure, there were both pros and cons experienced along with it.
Postcolonial theories Postcolonial studies focus on the effects of the colonizer over the colonized people. Postcolonial term comes from the fact that this academic study studies what responses people had on a system of a government that controlled them and their land. To simplify this, while on the one hand post colonialism examines the social and political power that the colonizer uses over the colonized and the post implications of this colonial system on people. On the other hand, postcolonial studies have premises of the effects of the colonial rule on literature and feminism also. The colonists want to control the natives.