Eisenhower was all for the military aid and he wanted to cooperate with other countries. President Truman was one of the presidents after the Cold War who wanted to stop the spread of communism as well as Eisenhower and Kennedy. He focused mainly on
853). This justified giving economic and military aid to countries in the region and deploying the military in the region. Under Eisenhower, United States foreign policy also expanded to include the idea of brinkmanship which was the diplomatic art of going very nearly to war but never actually going to war (Ayers. 850). By doing so the hope was that less aggression would happen because if there was aggression it would mean another world war.
Truman responded to the spread of Communism to Greece and Turkey by declaring in the Truman Doctrine that “the United States would aid the democratic struggle against totalitarianism by supporting ‘free peoples who are resisting the subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.’” Not everyone agreed with it, and it proved costly as the nations it aided did not turn to Democracy. However, it set the tone for how the United States was to conduct its foreign policy. In addition, it paved the way for the Marshall plan, which was improved and more successful. Providing the necessary measures to ensure that weaker nations would not have to resort to a communist government demonstrated a devotion to soothing the threat of Soviet influence, reflecting Truman’s role in actively combatting Communism. In juxtaposition with Roosevelt whom chose not to concern himself with civil rights issues, “Truman spoke more boldly on civil rights than any previous president had… The first president to address the NAACP, Truman asserted that all
The United States offered financial and military support to countries that were engaged in resisting the takeover by communist forces. The policy also allowed the United States to offer support to the forces that were trying to liberate their countries from the communist rule. Given that the communist movement was led by the Soviet Union, the Truman Doctrine allowed the United States to try and lessen their influence around the world. When the Soviet Union fell and communism largely dissipated in the late 1980s, the policy achieved success eventually (Merrill,
Reagan did led his country to a victory in the cold war but his great accomplishment came in his second term in office when he abandoned his earlier stance toward the soviet and took a more flexible stance to better the relations with a reformist and leader of the soviet union Mikhail Gorbachev by acting as Gorbachev partner as much as his enemy. Reagan help to the fall of the” Evil Empire” peacefully. By working with Gorbachev rather than against him Ronald Reagan help to strengthen the growing spirit of reform within the Soviet
Ronald Reagan was able to reduce tension between America and the Soviet Union but he is not the best leader because of the Iran Contra Affair in which it showed that he is easily influenced by other people.One of the foreign policies was military build up.Because the Soviet Union decided not to abide by the SALT II treaty which was to maintain nuclear equalness between two main superpowers, it was no surprise when Reagan also bagn defense building. The main objectives of the buildup were to strengthen military, encourage and gain trust from the European allies that US will not abandon them. The defense budget in 1981 was $171 million to $300 billion in 1985. The increase in budget has many positive results such as a military upgrade and modern
Eleanor worked viciously in civil rights and later was an extremely important part in the foundation of the United Nations. The United States entry into World War two was not sudden and was not completely unexpected. Although the Roosevelt’s wished for the country to remain neutral they knew this was unlikely. Mass production of planes and tanks was underway far before the United States officially entered. In addition, Franklin felt it was the duty of the United States to assist their ally England and that they could not simply turn away at such a dire time.
And this arose from the fact that they both had a similar economic philosophy influenced by the Austrian and the Chicago Schools. While she believed that Britain needed the help of US, but at the same time, she also knew that she should maintain good relations with the Russians and the Soviet. Thatcher played an important role during the Cold War by becoming closely aligned with the Cold War policies of Ronald Reagan. Thatcher firmly believed that the Cold War could be won and that the Soviet could not last forever. She was the quicker than Reagan to notice and was the first Western leader to pronounce that significant changes to come in the USSR after Mikhail Gorbachev came into power.
Despite the differences of the empires in existence during the time, the early modern period held many common motivations for rulers to expand trade and connections to the rest of the world. The motives of the major empires of the early modern era were extending the range of their political power and religious influence, increasing connections through trade, and defending against neighboring forces. One common motive of empires displayed by Western Europe, Russia, China and the Ottoman Empire during the fifteenth century is the desire to establish power over new land and groups of people. Western European countries could not conquer territory on their own continent because borders were becoming concrete between the newly formed states. Instead, they used their wealth and ship building innovations to conquer land across the seas in the Americas.
In most of the cases, the decisions have to be made under pressure and within a short time frame. Sometimes, American presidents have to rely on the pieces of advice given to them by their inner circle or the government officials. Inability of US government to perform their duties can have catastrophic effects on the country’s politics. One must admit the fact that numerous blunders have been made by the government of United States during World War II. Although, collateral damage cannot be avoided in case of total wars, still it should be the top priority of the country to preserve their national interests and to try to minimize the overall damage.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
Dissimilar to other presidents, Regan facilitated an end to communism around the world through his pro-active stance with the Soviet Union in the following exchanges: the INF Treaty and the Cold War. Regan’s main goal when coming into office was to end the feud with Russia. His first step in doing this was creating the INF Treaty. The INF Treaty happened to be the first stage of progress in ending the cold war. The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles.
For example in Document B when Truman states “One of the primary objectives of the foreign policy of the United States is the creation of conditions in which we and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion.” This quotation means to me that the treaties of the post war world further separated the two superpowers of the world for the decades to follow. The wars through other countries also strengthened Cold War
By having troops around the globe, the Administration felt they could properly prevent any attack or threat to the United States. This granted the executive branch the power to use the troops for anything they felt would protect the nature. No longer would the President have to go to war through Congress. Cheney and Rumsfeld changed the “Washington Rules” from being about containment to liberation. The United States no longer had to contain the spread of communist, but instead had to liberate the countries of the Middle East that they felt were run by an improper government.
An old policy, with a new look. The Truman Doctrine changed the path of the U.S. involvement in international affairs. The pledge was to provide civilian, military, and financial aid to countries who were threatened by Stalin and Communism. This policy was indeed successful, but it led President Eisenhower to come with a new and improved approach, while still upholding the Truman Doctrine. The New Look Foreign Policy, crafted by Eisenhower, was a less expensive way to defeat the Soviet Union and contain Communism, while increasing the standard of living.