As the United States were planning on how to invade Japan, there had been a lot of controversy between Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Staff Admiral William Leahy, Secretary of War Henry Stimson as to how to attack Japan until Secretary of State James Byrnes brought up the idea of bombing Japan without any warning, shocking Japan into surrendering. According to document A, “Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives.” The quote from document A shows that Truman had to use anything available in order to save American
Also, because of the well known fact of Japan’s nature for tenacity, the war would have been lengthened for years at the cost of a substantial amount of lives. Equally important, the Manhattan Project was not an inexpensive feat; to see such potential and scientific achievement gone to waste would be a complete tragedy. Given all these points, the justification for dropping bombs of such a cataclysmic event is surfaced; indubitably,
This was caused by the obliteration of about 250,000 men, women, and children (“The Decision to Drop the Bomb”). It caused the devastation of the Japanese homeland as well as its economy. The distrust was also caused by the ultimatum given by the U.S. for Japan to surrender (“Japan Surrenders”). War should only pertain to defending the country’s homeland from foreign invaders, even if that means fighting them on their front. But it should not allow, encourage, or endorse destroying anything other than enemy soldiers, weapon factories, and weaponized vehicles.
The Utilitarian approach to terrorism and torture asks to “choose the action that will produce the greatest benefits and the least harm” and provide “the greatest good” for the innocent and the masses (Velasquez, et al. 1996). In the case of terrorist attacks and mass murders officials must know what lengths they are willing to go to protect their people and the rest of the world. The war on terrorism is one that The United States has been dedicated to fighting since the attacks of 9/11. Our focus needs to be on stopping the individual terrorists of the world and finding the information we need in order to ultimately end these attacks on civilization and this war on terror. In search for a greater outcome for everyone affected, our government officials have to be willing to do everything in their power to protect the masses.
In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5
Studies link to the conspicuous answer of these attacks as tools of war, a means to an end. In a study called ‘The Social Psychology of Suicide Terrorism,’ the author concurs with this, also adding how extremist groups link their attacks to their own purpose and growth (de la Cortez Ibáñez). Terrorist propaganda brings in patriotic people willing to sacrifice their lives to support their country. Although it might be hard to comprehend, in regards to the second World War they are very lucid. Kamikaze pilots were trained to crash into enemy warships, because the Japanese were outmatched in power, and desperate to turn the war in their favor (Smallwood, “How Were Kamikaze Pilots Chosen”).
The deaths of many this day justified the death of Osama bin Laden. Many people would see this as free outlet to committing a sin. Just like the hero who diverted the plane to save many, society would view the assassination of Osama bin Laden as creating a better world by ridding it of some evil. This is to say that society would consider the murders by a person a greater sin than that of society killing person who committed the crime. More recently in France there was a terrorist attack.
It also had long lasting effects that still impact Japanese lives. In the newspaper by Jack Doherty headlined ¨Atomic Bomb Fury Hits Japan¨ after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the president said, ¨It was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction.¨ Yet, look where it has gone and how much damage it had cost Japan. I encourage you to not listen to these statements as if they were true, and right the wrongs the atomic bombs have done to Japan by unjustifying the act and telling others to do so as
“The full application of our military power, backed by our resolve, will mean the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland.(“The Potsdam Proclamation”)" However, Japan would not surrender, because surrendering would be a disgrace. They feared that their emperor would be executed if they surrendered. The U.S. used the atomic bomb to save American and Japanese lives in the long run(Priano). So, at the end of WWII, the U.S. put Japan under international control.
As the Japanese forces were considered the aggressors of the conflict by the Allies and Japanese veterans alike, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was justified. Their aggression previous to the bombing was demonstrated through the attack on Pearl Harbour, which led to America’s involvement in World War II. The attack was not one born out of vengeance and was not strategically logical, whereas there was a reason behind the bombing of Hiroshima, that reason being that the Japanese military would not agree to the clauses presented in the Potsdam Declaration. This declaration was given to the military officials as an invitation to surrender before the first bombing, providing ample time for them to make a decision to hopefully end the
The use of the atomic bomb in World War II was a horrifying site. Although the use of the first bomb on Hiroshima may be justified the use of the second bomb on Nagasaki was not. The use of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a necessary step towards winning the war with Japan. The dropping of this bomb saved many American lives that would have most likely been lost in the war effort had we decided not to use the atomic bomb.
Issue 1: The deployment of the atomic bomb in World War II was an unfortunate necessity for the United States. In a total war situation, using nuclear weapons was a solution that made the best of a bad situation. American leaders recognized the opportunity cost in terms of American lives versus the consequences of dropping the bomb. As Maddox writes, the Japanese “meant to fight the war to a finish” (5).
I believe Truman was right in his actions of commencing the dropping of weapons of mass destruction against the Empire of Japan. While morally it may have been carried out in a better way, that's a debate for a different time. There are three reasons I would like to clarify to show why I believe it was the right decision. The Japanese did not believe in surrender.
Trial Decision This trial of President Harry S Truman attempts to malign him as a war criminal after the role he played in dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. As Commander in Chief during World War II, President Truman made the final decision in whether the atomic bombs should or should not be dropped to put an end to Japanese resistance and bring the second world war to a close. It is being called into question whether the Japanese’s unwillingness to surrender called for such a severe response from the United States.