Truman responded with the creation and implementation of the foundational pillars of United States Cold War foreign policy. George Kennan’s strategy of containment and Paul Nitze’s document NSC-68 became two of the strongest guiding forces for United States foreign policy throughout the Cold War. Containment and a build-up of military force was the prognosis for pursuing Cold War objectives. Simply put, the long-term goals presented by President Truman were: reestablishing a balance of power in Europe, altering the Soviet conception of international relations to bring an eventual end to the war, in addition to gradually fragmenting the international communist movement. In 1946, three post-war confrontations between America and Soviet Russia forced the need for a foreign policy focused on combatting communism.
Harry S. Truman, the 33rd American President, greatly influenced the development of the Cold War. He earned presidency of the United States in the year 1945, shortly after Roosevelt passed away and two weeks before Adolf Hitler committed suicide. During his 8 years of ruling, Truman believed that communism was not right, which led to tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, also known as the Cold War. Where both Soviet and American policies had divided Europe into a Soviet-controlled bloc in the east and an American-supported grouping in the west. He took the side of those who shared his beliefs.
Many people thought Regan or any other U.S. president did not have the ability to end the cold war. Hoekstra states: “Who would have thought in the early eighties that it would be President Reagan, who would sign with us the first nuclear-arms reduction agreement in history?” (Database) Regan was doubted time and time again while he was in office, but no one can deny his great accomplishments of ending Communism. The INF Treaty was one of the biggest achievements Regan attained. Another way Regan took a hands-on approach to ending Communism was eventually ending the Cold War. Many presidents before Regan tried to threaten the Soviets and use force to end the Cold War.
policy of containment had its first recognized use in the Korean War, where it was used by President Harry S. Truman to prevent a possible all-out war with China, Russia, and maybe even the world. You see, China had promised men and supplies to North Korea if they needed it. This meant that China would be fighting American forces which could lead to war not only with China, but also their ally, Russia, possibly sparking WWIII. When Truman asked MacArthur about this possibility, MacArthur shrugged it off. His predictions proved to be incorrect.
To begin with, the time period the document belongs to is the twentieth century. During this time period, the United States has just finished World War II and had many disagreements with the Soviet Union during the Tehran and Yalta conferences. Eventually, the U.S and the Soviet Union had nuclear weapons pointed at each other. The threat of the Soviet Union made many Americans afraid of communism. In 1946, Richard Nixon was part of the U.S House of Representatives; he was assigned to the Select Committee on Foreign Aid and told European countries about the Marshall Plan.
He also encouraged the need of an American- British association as well as a new European unity, even anticipating the creation of NATO, which actually happened three years afterwards. Churchill spoke of future world conflicts, worried about nuclear wars in which the only winner would be death. Winston Churchill was convinced that the West should track "a good understanding with the Russians” by creating a common policy in order to promote democracy. He was essentially requesting for peace, not conflict: "our supreme task and duty is to guard the homes of the common people from the horrors and miseries of another
President Harry S. Truman In one of the most tough times of US history April 12, 1945 Harry S. Truman became our 33rd president after the death of one of in my opinion the most influential and compassion presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt. Throughout his time in office his views on refining the economy and the best interest of the US was clear, which mirrored the determination and conviction of Franklin Roosevelt. Another confident president was in office. Before becoming president, he served as a national guard in 1905- 1911, after serving a successful career as a national guard Truman he was promoted to captain. Then became colonel in the reserves.
Stalin still planned to expand the Soviet Empire after the war. After the war, Stalin did not change that much as a leader. He still reigned in terror, exiled citizens to labor camps, held executions, and suppressed Western influence. Stalin would go onto establish communist governments across Eastern Europe. A tension between the United States and the USSR would begin to grow, resulting in the Cold War.
United States entering World War 2 was the turning point of the war for the Allies. The Allies were being bomb by air and losing on every front of the war, from England to Africa and beyond. The United States wanted to stay neutral and did so for the first 2 years of the war. The United States used economic sanctions on Japan to try and deter their aggression in Asia and the Pacific. They supplied Britain, Soviet Union and China with war materials and even deployed troops to Iceland, relieving Britain soldiers.
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.
The United States engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union in an attempt to limit the development of the Communist military power and ideological influence. As alliances between the USSR and Western Nations terminated, the United States established a foreign policy that promoted non-communist nations. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered a speech before a joint session of Congress. The speech, later named the Truman Doctrine, declared that the US would “provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces” ( ). Truman specifically called for Congress to support Greeks against Communist uprisings.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
The long fall of communism was a necessity to the nature of history and peace. The point of the USSR was to compete with the United State until it would eventually destroy. Little did they know that the USSR and the rest of the Soviet Union and communist would fall instead because of lacking stability and leader. It was known that the first 2 nuclear powers were making bets that the other wouldn’t attack the other, but they would retaliate if they did. This then called for scientific and industrial advancements, investments, etc.