S’s strong sentiment against communism led to changes in the economic policy towards Russia soon after the beginning of Cold War. Ideological differences between the two powers and Russia’s aggression in Eastern Europe only helped escalate the conflict and damage the relationships between the two countries. Pre-World War II, the fear communism and U. S’s distrust/hostility against the Bolshevik’s did not allow for any large-scale economic ties to blossom between the two countries (LaFeber, 57). However, as the fear of communism started to fade and as the Soviet Union started to work its way into European fear, commercial relationships began to establish between the two powers (Lippmann, 43). By 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was eager to establish a large-scale with Russia, negotiated with the Soviets allowing for economic relations to flourish.
They felt like the Allies had forced it upon them. They called it a dictated peace - ‘Diktat’. This was partially true; Germany had been allowed no negotiation and the Allies had given the German government five days to accept the treaty, and if they refused to do so, they threatened to invade Germany and go to war again. Many Germans would have preferred to fight the Allies and for this reason, those who signed the Treaty of Versailles became known as the November Criminals. However, it was clear that they had no choice; Germany was obviously incapable of undergoing more war.
A Violation The Treaty of Versailles was a violation of Wilson’s ideals. The Treaty is one of the most important agreements (or disagreements) that shaped 20th century Europe socially and physically. Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 in an address to the United States Senate called for a peace without victors, but the Treaty signed by the participating nations was everything but that. The blame for the war was placed on Germany and justified the reparations that were outlined by the treaty for the war. The terms of the treaty were very harsh to the Germans and they took on great resentment.
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
Both countries were highly suspicious of each other’s intentions. The rivalry of these two superpowers in the cold war was the most important feature of international relations after 1945 and was a constant threat to world peace. •
After the World War II there was a lot of tension between the superpowers of the world. The universal goal was to maintain peace and ensuring post-war security, but each side had a different way of getting on with their ambitions. The democratic states tried to expand democracy throughout the world to make it easier to discuss their divergencies. As for the Soviets, they believed that by expanding their territory and controlling the countries that bordered them, they’d achive greater security. So they took control of most of Eastern Europe countries and imposed communism.
In June 1948, the Soviet Union blocked roads and railroads that led to West Berlin. The United States, Great Britain Second cause or factor that triggered the cold war is because US and Soviet Union want dominant the world (Rana, 2009). Each of the Superpowers saw the other as a threat to its continued survival. That’s why they want to take over other countries as a step to preserve their interest. Besides that, both countries had adopted several strategies to preserve
They also suffered massive losses. The land was destroyed, partly due to Stalin 's 'scorched-earth ' policy. It was impossible to calculate the number of dead, but it is estimated at several million. However, Churchill was very suspicious of Stalin, and believed a powerful Russia could be just as big a threat as a powerful Germany. Churchill wanted to 'shake hands with the Russians as far to the east as possible, ' to stop them gaining more land.
In the first half of the twentieth century, Europe suffered incessant and unprecedented detrimental effects of their political decisions. They were inciting the wars. Wars seemed to be a normal method for the countries to protect their territories and interest and solve the conflicts, but the wars like World War One and World War Two which happened in the first half of the twentieth century were different from others. They are the closest counterfeits of total war, in which the countries engaged devote themselves to war by total mobilization, sacrificing lives, or other ways like economically and socially to fight for a victory. The distinction between soldier and civilian seemed to be continuously eroded amid the wars.
The Treaty of Versailles left Germany in shambles, humiliated and broken, with an unstable economy. As a result, many Germans wanted revenge and held intense resentment towards the Allied Powers. Eventually, this plunged German into a state of desperation, where people were willing to follow anyone to lead them out of darkness. This led to the rise of Adolf Hitler, who was able to persuade Germans to free Germany from the “chains of Versailles”, where his many speeches mainly blamed the provisions of the treaty with responsibility of Germany’s many problems. Hitler’s mind-set and determination, along with the support of Germans, to make Germany into a stronger nation once again led to WWII and attempts to revoke the treaty.