Accounting practice in the post‐Enron era: the implications for financial statements in the property industry. Retrieved February 05, 2018, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bref.80/abstract Enron Case study. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.applied-corporate-governance.com/enron-case-study.html Gladwell. M. (2007, January 8).
Since the Great Depression different macroeconomic models approach that has been established. It can be questioned and which culminated unsuccessfully face some failures in the various economic crises. In the other hand, strategic solutions applied by the G8 May 19th 2012, which have met to find solutions to overcome the global crisis valid for North America and for the EU. The essay will tend to talk also about the support from the Federal Bank and the European Central Bank that plays a key role, created new tax policy measures; furthermore let’s analyze the devaluation of the European currency under the influence of the Monetary Union and the impact of household debt on consumption and production. And finally we will conclude with the strategy
First Altman Model (1968) According to Altman (1968) in The Journal of Finance, the systematic Altman Z-Score formula can be formulated as follows: Z = 1.2X1 + 1.4X2 + 3.3X3 + 0.6X4 + 1.0X5 Information: X1 = Net Working Capital / Total Assets X2 = Retained Earning / Total Assets X3 = Earning Before Interest and Tax / Total Assets X4 = Market Value of Equity / Book Value of Debt X5 = Sales / Total Assets According to Endri (2009) the financial ratios of Altman Z-Score can be summarized as follows: 1. Net Working capital / Total Assets This ratio shows how the company in generating working capital from the total total assets owned. Net working capital can be obtained by way of current assets minus current liabilities. 2. Retained earning /
Decision and policies making coming from the US government has made both IMF and World Bank to offering loans based on strict conditions. Various debates and Critics on IMF have pointed out that their enforced policies have reduced the level of standard of living, increased in unemployment and poverty in developing countries. However, my conclusion is that since the visions of setting up both the IMF and the World Bank have never come to reality. I hereby call on for the readjustment of their policies (both the monetary and fiscal policies) and to allow the developing countries to have their say when it comes to policies and decision making. (Neal Keny-Guyer (March 23,
References https://hbr.org/2013/04/change-management-needs-to-cha (Accessed 02/ 03/2016: 1400hrs) Gregory Shea and Cassie Solomon (MARCH 29, 2013), Change Management Is Bigger Than Leadership Harvard Business Review https://hbr.org/2013/03/change-management-is-bigger-th? John P. Kotter (2007) Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail https://hbr.org/2007/01/leading-change-why-transformation-efforts-fail? (Accessed 02/ 03/2016: 2100hrs) http://www.nrz.co.zw (Accessed 02/ 03/2016:
Problem statement This study aims to investigate the relationship between ownership structure and capital structure in an emerging market by using data relating to companies listed on the Main Board of Bursa Malaysia. 3. Research question This paper tries to provide an answer to the question below: a) Does dividend negatively relate to the leverage in Malaysia? b) Does profitability negatively relate to the leverage in Malaysia? c) Does liquidity positively relate to the leverage in Malaysia?
Journal of applied polymer science, vol. 72, 1999, PP.1755-1762. Doi:10.1002/app.1992.070441210 9 Anek Pal Gupta and Gopal Arora Journal of Materials Science and Engineering B 1 (2011) 28-33 Formerly part of Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, ISSN 1934-8959 10 R. Schell kens, C.J. Bastiaansen, Journal of Applied Polymer Science 43 (1991) 2311-2315. 11 Mohamed HA1, Mohamed BE and Ahmed KE, Mohamed, et al., J Food Process Technol 2015, 6:6 12 S.S.Shaikh, K.J.Shivsharan, R.K.Pawar, N.S.Misal, H.R.Mene, B.A.More Int.
THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS ON BANKS IN BAHRAIN (CASE STUDY: BAHRAIN ISLAMIC BANK -BISB) BY LATIFA NOVEMBER 2014 Table of Contents Approval sheet Acknowledgement Abstract Chapter one 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Research Problem 1.3 Research Significance 1.4 Research Hypothesis 1.5 Research Objectives 1.6 Research Borders 1.7 Research Ethical Considerations 1.8 The structure of the study …………………………………………………………………. Chapter Two ( Research Literature Review) 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The definitions of economic and financial crisis 2.3 The causes of economic and financial crisis 2.4 The types of financial and economic crisis 2.5 The effects of economic and financial