In fact, this government was quite successful for putting the human rights legislation in practice and getting Turkey more closer to the policies of the European Union. Due to the economic crisis that broke out in 2002, a new election was held to form a new governance. As a result, the era of the conservative religious Justice and Development party (AKP) under the lead of Recep Tayyip Erdogan started in Turkey. In 2002, with 34.3% of the votes, Justice and Development party (AKP) came to the head of the government in Turkey. Basically AKP had grown with the idea of Islamism since its foundation 14th August 2001.
Religious freedom in Turkey continues to be a delicate subject, its delicacy is directly linked to religion’s place in society and the state’s approach towards it. It remains a delicate matter as Turkey is founded on the principle of secularism and yet continuously restricts activities of religious groups and individuals in most societal atmospheres, including the political, social and private spheres (BEYLUNİOĞLU, 2015). This state interference has arguable exposed non-Sunni Muslims to the most negative effects. In fact Beylunioglu argues that religious minorities have experienced severe difficulties and extrajudicial practices regarding their rights to manifest their belief in practice, worship, and teaching, despite guarantees made by the
The coup failed. Akayev announced his resignation from the Communist Party and banned it for a while. On August 31, 1991, the Supreme Soviet proclaimed the independence of Kyrgyzstan by passing the Declaration on the State Independence of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan was adopted. On December 21, 1991, Akayev along with the presidents of other 10 newly independent states signed the agreement in Almaty city on the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) that eventually put an end to the Soviet Union . On May 5, 1993, the draft of the new Constitution was passed by the parliament.
TURBULENT DEMOCRACY IN HUNGARY INTRODUCTION Several Central-Eastern European countries in the European Union have been unstable in the democratic process. Most of them succeeded a peaceful and negotiated transition to democratic rules after 1989. The good example for these countries is Hungary, which had one of the least stringent communist regimes in the region. Hungary was within the first countries to open EU accession negotiations in 1998, and fulfilled particularly with membership requirements which included the political dimension of the Copenhagen criteria, which expected from future member states that their institutions be governed by the values of respect for freedom, human dignity, equality, democracy, the rule of law and also respect for human rights. Nevertheless, the fact is that Hungary
Given the controversy surrounding these elections, the progress of Albania's democratic transition was yet again questioned . The problematic findings were numerous (31 issues and recommendations) such as: the composition of electoral commissions, the modification of the electoral law favouring the party in power, the counting process, the violence toward the opposition candidates and media members etc. Armed dissidents threatened the elections and the later incarceration of the leader of the opposition demonstrated that Albania took a step backwards in the democratization process. “The happenings broke the trust of Albanian citizens in the political parties and institutions” . The state-protected economic pyramid schemes, in which numerous people had invested almost all of their savings, collapsed in 1997.
Islamist Movement in Turkey Turkey was one of the key experiments of modernist reformism and early years of the Turkish Republic; between the years of 1923-1947 was an era of construction that can be considered as the first stage of modernization of the newly establishing state. This is an era that the scope of term of modernization has such a far-reaching meaning that includes the building of Turkish society in every sense; urban, rural, provincial, educational, political, but utmost, societal. In this rebuilding period, religion was replaced as a part of traditional and put as a contradiction to modern. Creation of the enlightened people was the essence of the system. This period of modernization could be summarized as ‘uplifting the people
After its independence, the democracy in Macedonia has become stronger. One issue which remains a challenge for the country is the inter-ethnic relations ,because there is no trust between different communities and in order for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to be part of the European Union ,it must be a functional multinational country. The government is committed to the program of democratization that the European Union set for them by maintaining the good relation between different communities according to the ‘Ohrid Framework Agreement’. This agreement however has yet to be fully implemented especially when it comes to the minorities’ rights. On the other hand, even though LGBT are protected by law, the school books still consider homosexuality as an illness.
For preserving national origin and identity, Turkmans emigrate from Iraq to Turkey. Because of friendly attitude and justice, Turkey is chosen country. The last push factor is instability. In Iraq, Kurdistan Regional Government suspends the central administration. For instance, the Kurdistan government occupied oil-rich territories, and agreed with Turkey for selling oil, but Iraq administration didn't recognize this agreement and action.
After 2000, all most all of the properties of governmental institutions registered to TOKİ, thus TOKİ received approximately 170million square meter land. This wealth and some political privileges, brought TOKİ to key positions at housing development, city planning and construction sector in Turkey. But quality of works are not any better. Advance of housing development is a late shift, but it is not developing parallel to contemporary theories, practices and
Turkey - is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is increasingly integrated with the West, is a member of NATO. The country is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia and it gives the country significant geostrategic importance. And beside all these, Turkey is recognized as the regional power. When the British rule began in the Cyprus, the Turkish community not only lost their Ottoman legal privileges but also faced the possibility of a real domination by the Greek Cypriots, even becoming a subject of Greece, namely enosis.