The Shi’ites were a minority and were often oppressed by the Ottomans. The Ottoman Empire began in the 1400’s. A decisive battle for the power of the Ottoman’s was conquering Constantinople in 1453. (Chary, 2013) The battle was led by Mehmed II. The army was strengthened and strategy planned before embarking on this battle.
They knew that they would be able to greatly expand the empire once they captured the city. By 1453 the Ottomans finally captured the city under Mehmed II’s rule. With Constantinople under Ottoman rule, they
Introduction The meteoric rise of the Ottomans began in 1300s as they expanded throughout the Muslim World. By 1520, the Ottomans had reached their peak under the rule of Sultan Suleyman. Their rise saw them become the most powerful and influential entity in Europe and the Middle East. In fact, Sultan Suleyman was considered to be a leader of the golden age if the Islamic and Ottoman history is anything to go by. Everyone including non-Muslims recognized the glory of Suleyman and it is evident by the fact that they nicknamed him “the Magnificent”.
Ottoman Empire Summary The Ottoman Empire had been around for hundreds of years. However it began to weaken. The weakness was from the Ottomans struggle to modernize. Greece got its independence and Serbia was allowed to govern itself, two countries who were previously under the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Countries in Europe noticed the weakening Empire, however so did Russia.
Sir Thomas Roe, an English diplomat and ambassador to Constantinople once said "The Ottoman Empire has the body of a sick old man, who tried to appear healthy, although his end was near." Definitely, the Ottoman Empire wouldn't stay strong and young forever. Due its fast and rapid success in expanding, having a strong court system, and having an efficient system of taxation, other great powers in Europe felt threatened. After all, if the empire was expanding and gaining much power quickly, it would be unexceptional for it to invade one of these great powers. Europe sensed the Ottoman jeopardy, so countries such as Britain, France, and Italy allied and plans were made to ensure the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
The Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires were very powerful and well respected in their time. Their rise was attributed to their strong military presence, trade and economic gain, religious tolerance and ideology that rulers should be chosen by ability not class or wealth. Their falls were due to indecent economic dealings, religious suppression, surrounding empires, mistreatment of citizens and an unfortunate series of terrible rulers. The rise of the Ottoman Empire was caused by a few factors including location, a strong military, a strong leader and religious tolerance. The Ottoman Empire came to be in the Northwest corner of the peninsula allowing them to expand westward.
Throughout the Ottoman empires reign, works or literature was composed and passed through which focused on the glorious history of Serbia before the Ottoman rule. This was became a powerful inspiration to Serbian people who seeked for freedom under the Ottoman rule. Another cause was the resurrection of the Serbian patriarchate which reminded people if the Serbian rule. The church maintained old Serbian traditions of medieval Serbia which encouraged the rise of nationalism and national identity, one of the key causes of the Serbian revolution. Explain the background to the Revolution.
Compare and Contrast the Ottoman and Mughal Empires The Ottoman Empire is a kingdom in Northwestern Anatolia founded during the 13th century by Osman, the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader. It changed to a transcontinental domain after spreading throughout Europe and taking over most of other existing empires within the area, even to Africa. The Ottoman society sustained a stable economy and forces for a remarkable period (17th to 18th century) but lost control after defeat by their rivals in the early 19th century. The Mughal Empire is an empire in India founded during the 15th century through marriage alliances between Persia and Indian Rajput origins. During its peak the realm proliferated in most parts of the Indian subcontinent and Persia, making the dominant culture to remain the Persian and Asian culture.
Slavery became widespread in the Ottoman Empire after the conquering of Constantinople. As per the Ottoman Law, it was not legal to enslave a Muslim even though, it was legal to have slaves from other religions as it was an Islamic Empire. As the Ottoman Empire expanded children from other religions were abducted from their families at very young age and were fostered in Turkish families. These children were provided with knowledge about battles and were trained into effective soldiers. These slaves shouldn’t own properties nor marry and have children.
The Spanish and Portuguese had been exploring the new world far before the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans, but the pressure of the newly rising empire pushed the idea of the “Three G’s” furthermore. The Ottomans conquered Constantinople in 1453, renaming the city Istanbul. Because of the convenient location of the city, the Ottomans now had control over the Silk Roads. They took advantage of this and forced the European nations to pay high taxes for Asian luxury goods. The unfair taxing of the nations led to the desire to “cut out the middleman” and trade directly with the Far East.