INTRODUCTION. Pellucid Marginal Degeneration (PMD), also known as keratotorus , is a corneal ectasia that is often mistaken to be keratoconus, due to the similar features it shares [1, 2]. Pellucid Marginal Degeneration is a non-inflammatory disease that usually occurs bilaterally, however in some cases it may occur unilaterally . Being a rare, progressive disorder, Pellucid Marginal Degeneration is characterised by the thinning of the inferior and peripheral portion of the cornea, although rarely the superior cornea may be involved .
Brooke Martin Report #2 - Prader-Willi Syndrome Prader-Willi Syndrome, an imprinted disorder, is caused by the absence of paternal chromosome fifteen, at least in approximately seventy percent of all cases. In other unlikely cases, a child may have inherited two copies of chromosome fifteen from its mother, which is referred to as maternal uniparental disomy. Similarly, in vitro fertilisation may increase the risk of a mother birthing a child with an imprinted disorder. PWS can cause delayed development, low muscle strength and tone, stunted growth, difficulties feeding, obesity, infertility, and behavior problems.
Pain is usually the first symptom of shingles. For some, it can be very intense and mild for others. Depending on where you develop the pain, it can sometimes be mistaken for a symptom of problems affecting the heart, lungs or kidneys. Some people experience shingles pain without ever developing the rash. Sometimes the shingles rash occurs around one eye or on one side of the neck or
Of the percentage effected, girls are at a greater risk of being born with the syndrome than boys making up 80% of the effected. Similar to down syndrome, people born with Edwards syndrome are born with an extra chromosome 18 in the DNA strand that disrupts
The exact origin of Spina Bifida isn 't known. Scientist believes that the genes and the nature are part of the reason for Spina Bifida. An example, women who have a child with Spina Bifida are more likely to have another child with the same disease. Women who are overweight or who have health issues (diabetes) are also more likely to have a child with Spina Bifida. Symptoms of Spina Bifida • No feeling in most parts of body (legs, feet, or arms)
Some of these characteristics include a small head that can be abnormally shaped and the inner corner of the eyes may be rounded rather than pointed. They may have smaller ears, shortened hands that are wide, and a flat nose. On a person with normal genes will have many creases on the palm of the hand, in comparison a person with Trisomy 21 will have just one long crease in the center of the palm. The nape of the neck may have some extra skin. Mental characteristics of a person with Down syndrome include acts without thinking, they use poor judgment, short attention span, and learning/ development delays.
Treatment Options for Femoral Anteversion By Liji Thomas, MD Femoral anteversion refers to medial torsion of the femur which is a normal variant in most children but may be excessive in a small minority. In them it leads to in-toeing of the feet and a clumsy gait while walking or running. The physician then has several possibilities. A decision is made based upon the child’s age, previous and current medical history, health status and the problem posed by the torsion. Observation Most children with femoral anteversion show complete correction over the course of years.
Bradykinesia can come from another disease called Parkinson's (PD). Parkinson's Disease is a disease that can develop over many years. Nobody knows of the cause yet, but there are many treatment options that can help relieve the symptoms. PD is not a fatal disease, but there are many complications to it that makes it a deadly disease. The CDC ranks the complications to Parkinsons to be the
According to Eriksson et al (2001) this rare condition is caused by a de novo point mutation of the lamin A (LMNA) gene. Symptoms: Signs and symptoms of the disease generally develop within the first year of the individual’s life, but the age of onset can vary, as well as the severity of
Studies have shown that such a technique is very useful in regaining lost ability, because the patient is forced to use the affected extremity. Pulvermuller et al. (2001) argued that a similar approach could be made with aphasic patients, who tend to use the least effortful manner of communication—which is often gestures, drawings, and sometimes writing. However, these patients need to enhance their verbal communication skills, even more than just the simple utterances that they know they can
Heart murmurs have a few unnoticeable signs and symptoms. A symptom may be swelling or sudden weight gain, heavy sweating, or enlarged neck veins. However, they still have some concerning signs, which may be shortness of breath, skin appearing to have a bluish color, chest pain, dizziness, fainting, or enlarged liver. If experiencing any signs or symptoms it may be necessary to see a doctor. Many cases are not fatal; however, diseases left untreated or unnoticed may become
Melanomas are the least frequent of the 3 common skin cancers. They frequently metastasize, and could potentially cause death once they spread. Less common skin cancers include: dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, Merkel cell carcinoma, Kaposi 's sarcoma, keratoacanthoma, spindle cell tumors, sebaceous carcinomas, microcystic adnexal carcinoma, Paget 's disease of the breast, atypical fibroxanthoma, leiomyosarcoma, and
A child or adolescents with Seasonal-affective-disorder (SAD) is a typical child, magnified. The normal ups and downs, anxiety and growing pains are all exaggerated during the episodes with Seasonal-affective-disorder. Parents are able to have a great impact when it comes to helping a child cope with this disorder. There are many things they can do to lessen the symptoms and ensure the child will have quality of life. ~