-He was convicted of violating a law that justified the separation of races on trains. 2. Procedural history: -In the district court, Plessy was charged for violating the law but countered that this decision was unconstitutional. -The district court then filled a demurrer stating that unless “enjoined by a writ of prohibition” (p. 1), Plessy would still have to plead guilty for his actions. -The district court also responded that a writ of prohibition was not to be issued in its court and gave it to the state’s Supreme Court.
He even goes as far to “declare war with the State…” because “[he does] not care the course of [his] dollar... till it buys a man, or a musket to shoot one with.” (Thoreau 1869). When he was bailed out of jail he “saw to what extent the people among whom [he] lived could be trusted as good neighbors and friends” (Thoreau 1868) and was disappointed that they did not endeavor to cause political change. He asks the public to consider whether they “shall be content to obey them, or shall endeavor to amend them, and obey them until they have succeeded, or shall they transgress them at once” because “unjust laws exist” and it is the individuals duty to protest them (Thoreau
Des Moines ruling based off of the Court of Appeals reliance on the case in ruling on Bethel v. Fraser. Essentially Tinker v. Des Moines hinges on whether the school acted in accordance to their authority to maintain a proper environment for students, by impeding Tinker’s Right to Freedom of Speech. The Court found that wearing a black armband in peaceful protest is protected under Freedom of Speech, because there was no disruption caused in the action, it was unnecessary for the school to react in the manner that it did. Justice Burger went on to suggest that the Court of Appeals missed the mark in comparing the two cases. Consequently, there is a distinction between the political message of the black armband Tinker wore, and the sexual content of Fraser’s speech when deciding the School’s ability to
This was when people would either go to diners or any public places and they wouldn’t get food, but they would sit on the bench and they wouldn't fight. They you just sit there and show that they don't care if they don’t get food. I believe that Martin Luther King Jr had a more relevant approach to desegregation. To begin I think that Dr. King had a more convincing argument for how to protest on violence. One reason why I believe this is true is because In the text he says ¨ I must continue my faith that is too great a burden to bear and that violence, even in self-defense, creates more problems than it solves.” This quote supports my claim because it shows that no matter how much people want to fight back to from being called a nigger and being spit on fighting will just make people think worse of blacks and it won’t help as much as silent protests.
When I asked the question about amends for donating organs the two opposite sides were the following: Yes, prisoners that are serving long sentences would be willing without pay, and NO, prisoners are in prison for a reason, and they shouldn 't be allowed amends. After listening to a group of friends, and a teacher, I considered which side I should choose, and I believe that prisoners
approaches his essay as a form to persuade and blame clergymen for not changing anything that is being promised. For example, the clergymen stated “We expressed understanding that honest convictions… but urged that decisions of those courts should in the meantime be peacefully obeyed” (Carpenter, etal.). All eight Alabama clergymen give the impression that they will persuade the government to help them but, do not completely fulfil it. King’s response to the clergymen was, “We realized that we were the victims of a broken promise” (King 2). He describes it as a broken promise because the clergymen keep promising to change the unjust laws although, nothing has been changed.
Therefore, in this letter, King emphasizes, “I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” (King). Because of the brutally barbaric response of Birmingham 's white authorities, a historical event occurred in 1962 when “ Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth persuaded the Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC), led by King to target its protests at segregation in Birmingham” (Lerner et al). In “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Dr. King offers four basic steps that SCLC waged the process of organizing the nonviolent and direct action including “collection of the facts to
On the contrary, those who are under control by a higher authority/force are restricted from this gift. They cannot see the mental barricade that inhibits their ability to think independently, and therefore keeps them under command while completely stripping away their free will. Huxley uses religious symbolism to show that blindly following religious principles can lead to a world of lost free thought and choice, resulting in permanent social control over individuals. Examples of these religious symbols written in the novel include the solidarity service attended by Bernard, the chemical compound Soma, the Christ and Eagle painting in the Native American reservation ritual, and the worship of the deity Ford with “T” --a reference to Henry Ford’s Model T automobile. The solidarity service Bernard attends every other week is one of the symbols Huxley uses to represent the Last Supper/Communion practice and exulting worship that are held by Christian church services.
The Ashurst-Sumners Act of 1935 banished the offer of jail products in interstate trade, keeping states from offering merchandise delivered from detainee work to clients in different states. It looked to prevent prisoner fabricated products from flooding the business sector and undermining free work. It likewise required that any items detainees made would be stamped as needs be for outside spots that allowed their
Essay #2: Argumentative Analysis Martin Luther King Jr. introduced a very controversial argument about why he believed that “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”(264). In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” King stated that justice is never given by the oppressor and the reason why his protests were very relevant and wise was because the issues needed to be addressed right then and not later. Moving along throughout his entire letter his primary thesis seemed to be that if the people wanted to be free from racial injustice they needed to participate in nonviolent protests. Given his setting and atmosphere, MLK did an extremely impressive job of using kairos and other rhetorical techniques in his piece. His argument was definitely
A broken finger is a minor, non-life threatening injury, and could have occurred while the prisoner resisted the officers. If the prisoner decides to file a petition in court, he could use the Whitley v Albers case as a precedent and the eighth Amendment’s cruel and unusual punishment along with excessive force to argue his case. 2. A prisoner was prescribed medications that made him feel unpleasant, but prison officials forced him to take the medications regardless of his protests. This inmate has a case against prison officials
The petitioner’s original bond was revoked after evidence that he was intimidating the witness and after the petitioner screamed and shouted racial slurs at the magistrate judge as well as spit on his face. This behavior furthered supported that Charles Sell was suffering from a delusional disorder.The district court concluded that the decision to involuntarily medicate Charles Sell to restore his health and competence is constitutional. The courts also concluded that the drugs administered must not have any negative effects. They also stated that drugs used were medically appropriate for Charles Sell and it gave him the right to due process and protected his fifth and sixth amendment right to a fair trial. The majority of people found that
It also restricts the government 's use of troops and makes it illegal to station troops in people 's houses without their permission. It also allows militias because the founding fathers believed that the government needed to be kept in check by the people. The rest of the amendments keep the government from detaining Citizens for no reason and keeps them from convicting them under false
This was said becuase the 1st amendment keeps the government from determining when and how people should worship. The authorization of the law introducing a prayer was opposing what the amendment stands for therefore it was unconstitutional. Many early americans have been troubled in the past by religious enforcements and persecution. The Court declared that the Establishment Clause denies the government in having a say in religious exercises. Justice Hugo Black wrote the majority opinnion stating that the freedom of religion means that is not the government 's buisness tocompose official prayers for any group of American citizens.
Whether laws intend to limit the offensive power of a minority or protect a minority from attacks, either way rights are lost. In the words of Roger Baldwin, founder of the civil liberties union, “In order to defend the people you like, you have to defend the people you hate.” Roger Baldwin’s statement indicates that if we limit the free speech of one group we ultimately limit our own freedoms. The first Amendment clearly states the limiting of any groups right is unconstitutional, “make no law … abridging the freedom of speech.” The basis behind not allowing the government to define free speech allows Americans to create their own social order and among themselves determine what is acceptable. The Westboro Baptist Church has received vast amounts of criticism for their picketing. In Louis Theroux’s documentary about The Westboro Baptist Church, a child protester is hit in the head with a soft drink, and the picketers are frequently chased away from their picketing.