Virginia Henderson Theory used Today Virginia Henderson is one of many nursing theorists who changed the nursing profession. Henderson’s theory was considered a “needs” theory (Ahtisham& Jacoline, 2015). It was considered a needs theory because the primary focus was on the patient and the 14 fundamentals needs of the patient to aid in recovery. A nurse taking care of a patient with dementia will utilize Virginia Henderson’s theory in his or her practice by assessing the patient while making a connection with that patient, involving the patient and family to help maintain current health status, providing an environment that will provide safety and security, and using the 14 fundamental needs to guide the nursing process that is being
Rebecca Lee Crumpler is a woman that history knows little of other than her degree and the little she wrote about herself in the beginning of a book. What makes this woman so important to history, and so important to me, is that Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. degree in the United States, and one of the first African Americans to write a book of medical advice. Crumpler, born in Delaware in 1831, was raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends.
From these realizations I have concluded that the professional nursing theories which most align with my own philosophy is a combination of Jean Watson’s theory of human caring and Rosemarie Parse’s theory of human becoming. Watson’s theory of human caring outlines the science behind caring as a driving force and framework for practice in nursing. It explores the concept that “humanities address themselves to deeper values of the quality of living and dying, which involve philosophical, ethical, psychosocial and moral issues” (Watson, 2005, p. 2). Within her original text, Watson outlined 10 “carative factors” which help integrate the science of healthcare field with the more holistic nuances of nursing and the phenomena that is the human
Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory is one such nursing theory that has been reworked to take into account the changes in our world, while still maintaining the initial framework (Taylor & Renpenning, 2011). Purpose of Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory Dorothea Orem (as cited in Taylor & Renpenning, 2011) described her purpose in formalizing the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory as a way of defining the structure of nursing and explaining knowledge, rules and roles of nursing. Orem was attempting to answer the question of why, when and how a nurse is needed in the care of a patient (Smith & Parker, 2015). According to Younas (2017), self-care deficit nursing theory is also a practical effort to delineate the patient role along with that of the nurse. The purpose of this theory, being to define both nurse and patient roles and nursing as a profession, is seen as a strength of the self-care deficit nursing theory.
The Purpose of The Theory The purpose of Henderson’s theory is to give the principles that help construct practice and to generate further nursing knowledge. Considering doing so, it helps nurses to understand their purpose and role in nursing in the healthcare setting. Henderson believes that the unique function of the nurse is to help the person sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (to a peaceful death) that he would do unaided if he had the strength, will or knowledge. In doing so will help him gain independence as quickly as possible (Burggraf, 2012). The Scope or Level of theory The scope or level of theory used by Henderson was a grand theory.
First impressions are made and these judgements can greatly affect how a client perceives a nurse (Patrick, 2013). Through this initial assessment, the nurse can obtain information that is crucial in providing the client with effective holistic care. Nursing assessment framework tools are used to help the nurse obtain accurate information about the patient’s wants and needs. This initial assessment based on subjective and objective data, helps to determine the patient’s actual problems and potential problems (Weber & Kelley, 2013). An assessment is carried out to obtain objective data and a physical baseline of the patient on admission.
In the Journal of Advanced Nursing article, Whither Nursing Models? The value of nursing theory in the context of evidence-based practice and multidisciplinary health care, author Niall McCrae (2011) discussed key points related to the utilization of nursing models in modern-day clinical practice. With so many advances made since Nightingale times, some argue that evidence-based research and practice should trump the ideas of theorists before them. McCrae cited sources that illustrate a volley of opinions on the topic: are nursing theories essential or are they matters of the past? Upon evaluation of this article, it is evident to the reader that, although they can seem outdated, nursing theories cannot completely be removed from practice as
Grant takes great length to emphasize that a patient is just a person that needs to be treated without bias or prejudice. Using her technique from a “patient centered interview skill that [she] [had] learned in medical
Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care deficit theory Dorothea Orem, who was born in the year 1914, was a nursing theorist who had a vast experience in the nursing field. Self-care deficit nursing theory is a grand nursing theory which was set forth by Dorothea Orem in the year 1959 as part of her study to identify under circumstances which required nursing care (Orem, 2001). Orem published her first book in the year 1971 named Nursing : Concepts in practice and continued to release improved editions till 2001. In Dorothea Orem’s metaparadigm of nursing, a person is referred to as the care recipient as well as the caregiver. A person is viewed as a wholesome being, capable of self-care with universal, developmental and self-deviation (Masters, 2015).
Analysis of the Nurse Industry Nursing is a profession focusing on healthcare on a personal and public scale. This industry for centuries nurses have been a practice, however it wasn’t till Florence Nightingale that nursing became an established as a profession, she created the foundations of modern nursing. What It Is and What It Is Not (1860) by Nightingale were the first documented notes on the philosophy of nursing (Crisp, Douglas, Rebeiro & Waters, 2009). Following that she founded the Nightingale Training School for Nurses; the first institution for nursing. The school works with St. Thomas ' Hospital in London and taught midwifery and domiciliary care ("The Impact of Florence Nightingale on Nursing | RNCentral.com", 2010) Primitively, nursing was seen a low-status job, it focused on the care of ill patients, learning as they did the job since there was no qualifications required to enter the industry (Clores, 2016).