FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISM IN EASTAFRICAN COUNTRIES: CASE STUDY OF RWANDA INTRODUCTION 1. Terrorism is becoming global serious threat to international peace and stability. Many countries around the world experienced terrorist attacks over past decade and several thousand innocents people have lost their lives, others were injured and property worth of billions of money have been destroyed. 2. As the author of this paper defines terrorism, terrorism is deliberate destructive, terrifying, and life taking acts that the perpetrators undertake without any legal justification.
The Shah’s father Reza Khan was a military officer who led a coup against the ruling Qajar dynasty in 1921, ending their 131 yearlong rule. He took power himself by suppressing rebellion and establishing himself as the head of state. When His son Muhammad Reza Pehlevi came to power he removed all political parties that conflicted with his ideologies. This way the Shah was able to rule Iran without any checks and balances in his power which gave him the freedom to create heinous crimes.
At this time, the minority of the Hazaras were persecuted and targeted for their ethnicity. This inequality standard represented the struggle Amir faced throughout the novel. As he grew older, the challenges that arose along with the association with a Hazara increased. Therefore, Amir began to question the power of belief that: “’Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be.
“Terrorism is the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against government, public or individual to attain in political objective”. Terrorism can be divided in two categories. It is ‘discriminate’ when an attack is made by a known enemy e.g. American drone attacks in tribal areas of Pakistan. ‘Indiscriminate’ terrorism can
Terrorism is said to mean to inflict injury on civilians and to create some sort of a fear, generally for furtherance of political purposes. It does not matter for any secular and religious purposes. Terrorism is more heinous than any other ordinary crimes. They are just not mere criminal actions but much more than that. They entail more systematic approach and planning and very systematic strategic means to achieve their ends.
Terrorism has been the bane of human society. People following different religious, social and ethnic ideologies tend to enforce their view points on others. This intolerance in society gives birth to various segments of likeminded people who try to change the social norms with the use of force and coercion according to their wishes and beliefs. Terrorism has evolved through various stages referred to as Waves of Terrorism. The terrorists have not only improved their tactics but also their reach and impact.
War Crimes in Afghanistan Afghanistan has been a country filled with violence for over 30 years. Today, most of the media covers only the progress in rebuilding the country. There have been some improvements in Afghanistan, however, the war crimes, and the human rights abuses haven’t received as much attention. The Soviet Union, the United states, the Taliban and Pakistani ISI have been the culprits of the war crimes in Afghanistan. .
According to Ahang, during those times, Afghanistan was dominated by Pashtoons, where Hazaras were deprived of owning real estates, land and social rights and were treated with violence enforcing a real ethnic cleansing in Afghanistan (2010). Because of this reason, Amir in no other way had to gradually draw difference between them. He refuses to help Hassan being victimized by Assef because he thinks Hassan is the lamb he had to slay to win Baba because Hassan was just a Hazara, (77). Deep in the mind of Amir, he thinks Hassan is illiterate, a servant and a hare-lipped Hazara. In addition, Amir accuses
International terrorism refers to the figured utilization of viciousness or the risk of brutality against civilians with a specific end goal to accomplish objectives that are political or religious or ideological in nature and this is done through intimidation or pressure or ingraining apprehension. Globalisation is the procedure of worldwide reconciliation emerging from the exchange of world perspectives, items, thoughts and different parts of society .However, to some extent International terrorism is a natural by-product of globalization as globalization has its own innovations: computerization, scaling down, digitization, satellite correspondence, optic fiber and Internet, which strengthens the characterizing point of view of globalization.
Although many people today believe that that religious fanaticism "causes" terrorism, it isn't true. It may be true that religious fanaticism creates conditions that are favorable for terrorism. But we know that religious zealotry does not 'cause' terrorism because there are many religious fanatics who do not choose terrorism or any form of violence. So there must also be other conditions that in combination provoke some people to see terrorism as an effective way of creating change in their