Two Major Ethical Theories

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Ethical theories appear in different contexts, so they address diverse issues and they also represent some ethical principles. There are various ethical theories, however there are generally two major kinds of ethical theories which are deontological and teleological ethical theories. On the whole, while teleological theories refer to consequences, deontological theories are interested more in duty. As regard to deontology, it is concerned with the application of absolute, ethical principles so as to arrive at rules of conduct. Deontologist derives from the Greek word ‘deontos’ which means ‘what must be done’. Sometimes it is translated as obligation or duty. Deontology sets down criteria by which activities might be judged ahead…show more content…
When making decisions, there would be various examples of thought processes basing on the degree of ethical development of the individual. People who are less ethically developed may think that they should act ethically since they will be punished if they do not. Besides, people who have more progressed moral advancement may contend that they ought to act morally in light of the fact that their nation's laws say they ought to. People at the highest level of ethical development may claim that they should act ethically because it's always right to do so, regardless of what the results and costs are. In fact, there is a great amount of ethical issues commonly happening that create negative effects on the public confidence such as extortion, bribery or dishonest advertising…show more content…
Language is also important as using words such as fairness and honesty might trigger moral considering. However, evidence recommends that numerous administrators are hesitant to frame issues in moral terms since this can lead to disharmony, distorting decision-making and proposing that they are not useful. Instead issues will probably be talked about as far as balanced corporate self-interest. Furthermore, reward mechanisms have clearly potential consequences for ethical behaviour, which could be both positive and negative way depending on what action will be rewarded. There are ways in which managers may encourage ethical behaviour, for instance by guiding subordinates, by setting targets which are so challenging that they can only be achieved through cutting unethical actions. Bureaucracy supports the authority and reward system and may have various effects on individual's responses to moral basic leadership where individual moral convictions have a tendency to be abrogated by the principles and roles of the bureaucracy. Additionally, factors such as working roles, organisational field or national and cultural context also affect the decision making
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