They indicated that ethical leaders may be affected if they’re too closed to employees. Hence, there should be a gap between supervisors and subordinates. If the employees have close contact with ethical leadership, employees would explore the weakness of their leaders. This would positively bring discredit upon the supervisors. The authors narrated a little less about the cultural difference among communities in their study.
Information is first received to identify all possible response to a dilemma. An individual recognizes and examines whether the choices are unethical or not and then evaluate the possible benefits to be gained and the possible costs to be paid. Ethical dilemma arises when there is conflict between personal ethics and social ethics. For instance, ethical dilemma exists in situations that a wrong decision is likely to produce a positive outcome or that a right decision is likely to produce a negative outcome (Fletcher, n.d.). Ethical decision-making can only be justified in the notion that the individual is ethically sensitive and rational because a person is unable to acknowledge the responsibility of certain behaviors without awareness of morality and
Finally, one must choose the option that permits the greatest balance of good overall, so to choose any other action would be considered immoral. That being said, a utilitarian does not always have to choose the option that benefits the most people, since the goal is to bring about the least amount of misery; besides, the benefit of helping the majority may bring a greater cost of well-being to the minority. Additionally, utilitarianism is associated with consequentialism, as they both concur that the results of one 's actions signify whether it was morally right or wrong. In doing so, they must consider the effects to as far as they go into the future.
He continues by pointing out that when an ethical man violates his own ethic, he feels not guilt but a sense of human failure. To some extent, when people stand up for their morals and ethics and it ends up not resulting in any positive effect, they tend to feel guilty and may end up conforming to any standards or codes set. Morals and ethics are very essential elements in our society, but the issues of personal morals and ethics creates a lot of controversies and conspiracy among various groups of people. If these controversies are still existing and are not being resolved, the question remains does one sacrifice his or her morals for the larger group? Or stand up for his or her
Altruism theory can basically be defined as an act that an individual performs, in order to benefit someone else. Altruism can also be known as Ethical Altruism. Furthermore, this specific theory speaks about the outstanding deeds that an individual would undertake to help and benefit someone else, even if it requires the sacrifice of self-interest. The action that the individual would tackle would be considered morally right as the result would benefit the recipient than the person actually conducting the action (Mastin, 2008). Majority of the time these actions that are performed by individuals are not only about doing good for others but also to protect them from being harm or getting injured in a certain situation (Rational Wiki,
Altruism theory can basically be defined as an act that an individual performs, in order to benefit someone else. Altruism can also be known as Ethical Altruism. Furthermore, this specific theory speaks about the good deeds that an individual would undertake to help and benefit someone else, even if it requires the sacrifice of self-interest. The action that the individual would tackle would consider being morally right if the result would benefit the recipient than the person actually conducting the action (Mastin, 2008) . Majority of the time these actions that are performed by individuals are not only about doing good for other personnel but also to protect these persons them from being harm or getting injured in a certain situation
Ethics is the branch of philosophy that delves into the nature of good, bad, right and wrong. Ethics deal with an individual’s moral principles. An ethical theory helps us in addressing questions like- What is right and what is wrong? Is this good or bad?
But, an egoistic must act with one’s own eternal self-interest, therefore they are not just individuals who believe that they should always do what they like when they like because acting in accordance with this would not necessarily benefit the person in the long term. When we say that a person should do something, we are also implying is that they are capable of doing the action, but we cannot expect people to do things that they cannot do. Ethical egoism comes in two forms and they are act-egoism and rule-egoism. Act-egoism is the
The word ethics comes from the Greek ethos, meaning something like ‘morals’. In fact, ethics is defined as the systematic reflection on what is moral. In this definition, morality is the whole of opinions, decisions and actions with which people express what they think is good or right. So, in short, to think ethically, you need to systematically reflect on what people think is good or right. Ethics is not a manual with answers on how to act.
Resistance to a new change can occur for reasons such as distrust in leaders, doubts about the need for change, doubts that the benefits from change would outweigh the the costs, possible loss of power and status and fear of personal failure. Resistance to change should be recognised as the presence of strong values and emotions and not as a sign of ignorance. Leaders need to understand that it is more effective to change both attitudes of individuals as well as work roles instead of trying to change just one or the