In the case McCann v. The Ottawa Sun, 1993 CanLII 5507 (ON SC), the General Division of the Ontario Court was correct when stating the published words by The Ottawa Sun were insufficient to carry the Mayor of Pembroke’s action of defamation. At the same time, the columnist’s comments can be considered a humorous remark, which is a prove individuals in Canada have freedom of speech, which is the ability to communicate ideas without the interference of the state.
The oxford dictionary had much to say about the word “nigger.” The oxford dictionary said, slave masters got the name “nigger” from the Latin word “Niger” meaning black. They also got the word “Negro” from the meaning of the Spanish diction meaning “black” also. They used the word “black” to describe African American’s instead of letting them have their names or giving them an actual name. It wouldn’t be so bad but, they used the word in offensive ways that gave the word a bad meaning. The word wasn’t bad but the meaning behind it became bad which smeared onto the word which made it a horribly offensive
In the present year of 2016 there has already been 7 school shootings around America. The rhetorical analysis of the court document “Kinkel vs The State of Oregon”. The document was written to explain the arguments of both sides of the court and to justify the decision made by the court and judge Haselton through facts and rhetorical accounts of events that transpired of Mr. Kinkel and his actions of the school shooting. Judge Haselton clearly uses Ethos, Logos, and Pathos within the analysis which is used to his advantage.
considered to be speech that could not be banned according to the First Amendment. They were
The respondent, Mr Stephen Barker, had been employed by the appellant, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, for a number of years before being made redundant in March 2009 as a result of the bank restructuring the Corporation Financial Services (“CFS”) teams throughout the bank. He was informed that his employment with the bank would be terminated if he wasn’t redeployed within four weeks, but in the meantime had to turn in keys, mobile phone, and his access to his company email account, voicemail, and intranet was cut off and as such he did not receive any of the numerous emails that were sent to him about different openings for redeployment. His employment with the bank was terminated after the four week (plus an extra week for being over the
Watt must allow Ann a procedural due process before dismissing her for her actions, "meaning that the state may not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law" (Essex, 2012, p. 203). Watt must also assure that both procedural and substantive requirements are met before dismissing Ann. Even though teachers are protected by the First Amendment they must avoid speech that creates a negative impact on proper discipline and decorum. "Free speech by teachers, however, is limited to the requirement that such speech does not create a material disruption to the educational interest of the school district" (Essex, 2012, p. 204). Watt is justified
Defendant made false statements on her website and on television about Coach Josephs. False statements are defamatory when the evidence is clear and convincing that the speaker knew the statement was untrue, or the speaker “acted with reckless disregard for the truth.” Stevens v. Tillman,855 F.2d 394, 396 (7th Cir. 1988). Specifically, on her website, Defendant states that Coach Josephs forces his players to use steroids in order to win at all costs. In addition, she accuses Coach Josephs of “ostriching” and “turning a blind eye” to the steroid usage at the school. However, Defendant knows that Coach Josephs was thoroughly investigated by the authorities, and was cleared of any knowledge of or involvement in the scandal. After modifying her
To discuss the N-word its needs to be said. The word nigger is a when word, not a who word. Meaning that anyone can say it, the most important thing about the n-word is the context it is used in. It can be used in an extremely positive context or a highly racist or oppressive context.
On the sidewalks of Rochester in the year 1942, Walter Chaplinsky was arrested for repeating 'You are a God damned racketeer' and 'a damned Fascist’ to a police officer. Chaplinsky’s statements violated a New Hampshire law prohibiting offensive, derisive, or annoying words or sounds said unto an individual or party in a public place. He appealed the decision of the District Court, and when it came to the Supreme Court, they came to a profound decision. Supreme Court Justice Murphy said there are certain words that could reasonably result in a fight or a breach of peace when uttered. These “fighting words” are not protected under the first Amendment. Fighting words shouldn’t be a constitutional issue because people are allowed to speak, even is it will cause a flare in tempers.
The Case report is about Gnych & Anor v Polish Club limited, Canberra High court, (High Court Of Australia, 2015). In 2012, Polish Club Limited being the licensee of a premise allowed Mr Jacek Gnych & Sylwia Gnych to lease and operate a restaurantb which comprised of the first floor with a capacity of fifty seats and ground floor with the entry to the restaurant along with storage area and toilet. Connected to the restaurant is the Mirror hall (which was not included in the agreement initially but was later included on certain terms) with 80 seat capacity which contains a bar where customers are allowed to purchase liquor. However, all the lease agreement papers were prepared and submitted but nothing was ever signed nor finalised.
Benoit defines image restoration theory as strategies used to mitigate image damage following a threat to a reputation (organizational or personal) (Blosenhauer, 2014). As we know that, image is possible a very important concern nowadays. Thus, when reputation is threatened especially during crisis happens, individuals and organizations are encouraged to justify themselves to the attack. Organization works on effort to ensure that crises are anticipated, managed, and evaluated effectively and efficiency before any unfavorable impression is formed. Then, here comes a theory used as communication approach to restore the organization’s image- Image Restoration Theory.