The triangular trade was made between three continents: North America, Europe, and Africa. The colonists from North America bartered using their national resources and gave them to the Europeans. The Europeans benefited by using the natural resources and produced manufactured goods. Then, Europeans bartered their manufactured goods to Africa. Africa benefited by gaining manufactured goods to use for their daily lives.
Benjamin Franklin said, “No nation was ever ruined by trade.” During the early modern era, technological advancements in shipbuilding and increased knowledge on wind and current patterns made global trading possible. The increased flow of trade in the 1300s through 1800s created important social relations and economic opportunities due to the increased integration of foreign people and desire to be wealthiest and most powerful, while improving government, culture, and ideas in the modern world. Global trading increased the spread of people, which also increased the spread of religion and culture.
Technological factors have become one of the most important factors in doing business. Change in technology in a country will define how to do business in that country. As a result a company may have to change their operating strategy to do business. Australia is one of the most advanced countries in the world. Australia is a net energy exporter and fourth highest coal producer in the world.
Porter’s article has strong analysis and provides persuasive examples to support his argument. He carefully explains the five forces and demonstrates how they affect the competition in business. For example, when discussing about rivalry among existing competitors, Porter briefly mentions about different forms of rivalries and its intensity. After that, he analyzes the situations that lead to different level of intensity in rivalry carefully. Porter illustrates that “ The intensity of rivalry is greatest if: Competitors are numerous or are roughly equal in size and power…Industry growth is slow…
To do this it needs to have a competitive advantage over its its rivals. A competitive advantage is something a company does better than its rivals that gives it an advantage over its rival. Porter (1988) states that a firm performs many activities that can contribute to a firms relative cost position and create a basis for differentiation which can create a cost advantage that gives a firm a competitive advantage over its competitors. A company’s competitive advantage and competitive strategy are both interrelated. Competitive strategy is defined by Porter (1980) as a broad formula for how a business is going to compete, what its goals should be, and what policies will be needed to carry out those goals.
And also, as a result of international trade, the market contains greater competition with more competitive price and cheaper products. This essay will focus on the definition, advantages and consequences of international trade with considerable theories and evidence. First point I want to emphasize is that international trade is the exchange of goods and services between countries. This is the type of world economy and trade, prices, supply and demand, impact which influences world events. Political change in Asia is inclined to lead to increase labor costs, thus increase the production costs of sneaker companies.
David Ricardo’s work “On The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation” written in 1817 is the example of classical writings about economics. The point Ricardo makes in Chapter 7 “On Foreign Trade” is generally that trade is beneficial and a basis for trade is comparative advantage (1817). The essay states that comparative advantage can be a reason for international trade; however there are still problems with its implication in practice. To prove that this paper will first explain Ricardo’s comparative advantage theory. Second, it will provide an example of Kazakhstan and Russia for more explanation.
Threat of Substitutes 4. Bargaining Power of Buyers 5. Power vested by Suppliers 1. Competitive Rivalry: According to Porter the competitiveness in any sector is significantly increased by the number of players operating in the field and their major competencies.
This theory is based on the concept that there are five forces that determine the competitive intensity and attractiveness of a market. Porter 's five forces help to identify where power lies in a business situation. This is useful both in understanding the strength of an organization 's current competitive position, and the strength of a position that an organization may look to move into. Strategic analysts often use Porter’s five forces to understand whether new products or services are potentially profitable. By understanding where power lies, the theory can also be used to identify areas of strength, to improve weaknesses and to avoid mistakes.
Secondly, Porter’s Five Forces Model is used to analyse the level of rivalry in the market, the attractiveness for potential new entrants, the power of suppliers, the power of buyers and the threat of substitution. This will allow us to see a holistic view of the industry in the market environment. Thirdly, the PESTLE framework is used to analyse the factors within the macro environment that are influencing
5.3 Country position and attractiveness According to Porter (1990), the level of competitiveness on a country depends on the capacity of the industry and the skills to upgrade and innovate. The competitive advantage is produced and sustained on the differences in values, economics structures, culture, institutions, history, and other factors that contribute to competitive success. Therefore, companies as well as nations have to fight for a position on the market as centers of production or industrialization of products.
The term “Washington Consensus” was created in 1989. It was first used in a background paper for a conference to examine the extent to which the old ideas of development economics (Williamson 2010). In order to ensure that it addresses the common set of issues, John Williamson made a list of ten policies that he thought the majority in Washington would agree were needed and labelled it the “Washington Consensus.” Williamson thinks that it would be a good policy to help the debtor countries overcome their debt burden with the changes in economic policy. 1.2
The four building blocks of competitive advantage can be used to help a company become more profitable and stay ahead of their competition. The four factors are superior efficiency, quality, innovation, customer responsiveness. All four building blocks are important to any company. However, I believe that customer responsiveness is the most important because having loyal and happy customers can make or break any company. The four building blocks can help companies grow and become the leader in their industry over their rivals.
Each of the forces is determined how competitive in that industry as well as the structure of the industry. Porter’s five forces factors are consists of competitive rivalry, the threat of new entrants, the threat of substitutes, bargaining power from
Competitive advantage is when two or more firms compete within the same markets, one firm possess a competitive advantage over its rival when it earns (or has potential to earn) a persistently higher rate of profit. There are three types of competitive advantage. a) Cost leadership strategy occurs when a firm a delivers the same services as its rivals but at a lower price. b) The differentiation strategy occurs when a firm delivers greater services for the same price of its rivals. c) Focus strategy is a focused approach requires the firm to concentrate along one specific segment either a cost leadership or a specialization strategy.