Although political parties may cause contention between Americans, parties are critical to the success of our constitutional system because parties provide party labels and mobilizes the voters by increased the participation of the common people. Political parties create conflict by making it difficult for a common man’s voice to be heard. Because there are only two political parties, it makes it difficult for individuals with different points of view to be recognized. However, for the same reason, only having two political parties is beneficial because it allows politicians to mobilize the voters. Politicians go about this by promoting Americans to be involved in the political process.
A representative democracy is a form of government where electives are chosen to make major decisions. Direct and representative democracies are two very different types of government. Since direct democracies involve everyone voting, it is only appropriate in civilizations or groups with small populations, such as Greece. Representative democracies use elected officials, so it works well with larger populations, such as Rome or the United States. Even though there are so many differences
The system may seem confusing or unnecessary, but its importance is revealed by the care taken by the Founding Fathers in designing the Electoral College, which was described in more detail and at greater length than any other issue addressed in the Constitution (Guelzo and Hulme). Despite this, many still call for a shift to a popular vote system for the presidential election; however, such a change would be a mistake. The Electoral College should not be abolished and replaced by a popular vote because it is necessary to uphold the structure of the United States government, to protect the interests of the whole nation, and to preserve the integrity of the presidential election. Opponents of the Electoral College frequently argue that the Electoral College is outdated to the point of becoming obsolete, that it contradicts America’s identity as a democracy, and that it gives too much power to states with a small population. Critics of the Electoral College condemn it as a relic of a bygone era.
After completing the mock Congress simulation, I obtained a greater understanding in how a bill becomes a law in addition to the factors that may prevent its passage. The diversity of roles that students were assigned as representatives offered a glimpse into how complex the legislative process really is. Bills are passed with the near universal intent of positively impacting the American people. However, this impact may not be universally distributed across demographics and in some cases it can hurt the constituents that one represents. With so many agendas, public and private, clashing and coinciding with each other in Congress, even the smallest of bills require a massive collective effort to become law.
Party government, also known as responsible parties, is an idea supported by people who believe that strong government could be efficient to deal with economic and social problems at national levels. This “party government” is significantly different from the traditional American limited government, including a clear statement about principles, accountable candidates, differentiated campaigns, and responsible officeholders for party programs. For the United States to create responsible party government, there are three major prerequisites. Strong presidents such as Reagan and Bush can make the public recognize the gap between parties and have control over the Congress on bills and policies. However, such powerful presidents would bring a “presidential government” instead of responsible parties.
When the politicians of the party in power have drawn out the voters’ map, they maintain power over the lines of the map. This allows the politicians to select one representative from each district to represent the majority of the voters in that district. This can benefit a political party because it allows them to have more seats in the house. “Eliminating gerrymandering would not by itself dramatically increase the competitiveness of house and state….between the two major political parties” (Mann, Thomas
If the nation was involved in a crisis, government organization can be thrown off balance by a change in leadership. In addition, a president with more experience can be more beneficial to the nation’s well-being. If a president is popular and does a good job, perhaps it is best that he stays in the office. On this note, some people argue that the voters should be able to choose the president regardless of time in the presidential office. By choosing the president, people are participating in government and should be able to choose whomever they see fit to hold
The main advantage is that it removes the concentration of power from one individual. This ensures that abuse of power is limited. Giving different individuals from varying parties will also result in the creation of checks and balances in the executive. A lieutenant governor from the Democratic Party will be able to check the activities and the undertakings of a Republican governor thus ensuring that they operate within the confines of the law and the powers of their office. Also, the system allows for the introduction or the enforcement of the manifestos held by both parties, thereby resulting in greater benefits to the population.
The United States has an important type of government called democracy. “Democracy is the idea that is ruled by a government chosen by election where most of the populace are enfranchised. The key distinction between a democracy and the other forms of constitutional government is usually taken to be that the right to vote is not limited by a person’s wealth or race (the main qualification for enfranchisement is usually having reached a certain age) A democratic government is, therefore, one supported by a majority of the populace”. There are many other types of government with different systems that can function just as great or even much better. There is constitutional monarchy, technocracy, meritocracy but best of all is Geniocracy.
The electoral map is used to gauge which party won an election or polling. This is depicted when the states turns red if a state votes for the majority Republican, or the turns blue if the state votes primarily Democratic despite if there is a close margin. Fiorina discusses the uses the illustration to present the false illusion of political division and the influence media has on the public. The strengths in the text are Fiorina’s ability to persuade the audience. The persuasiveness is achieved by relating to the people.
Being an American means that almost anyone can run for government positions. Being an American means that if you don’t like the laws, you work to change them through politics. Being an American means dreaming bigger than reason, and working to fulfill that dream. Being an American also means that while you are free to disagree with America’s government and political figures, you realize that America is trying it’s best, and you respect that. Americans know
With the Articles of Confederation, one strength was that the power was spread out over the country. This lets all states help decide what’s best for the nation, instead of the central government have all the power. A weakness to this is that it might lead to a lack of unity within the United States. Another positive to this type of government is the ability for each state to have different laws. This allows each state to do what’s best for themselves.
Also, the electoral college forces the candidates to focus on several topics and regions. In December 16, 2016 the article The Electoral College is an Excellent System by George F Will, he explains that “the electoral college shapes the character of majorities by helping generate those that are neither geographically nor ideologically narrow…” (doc B). The competitors will not be able to become the president if the limit themselves to one topic and area. They must support several topics and try to appeal to all the states they can if they want to be the president through the system of electoral college. This is important because the president will try to fit everyone 's needs and not just a certain group of people’s needs and wants.
According to Posner, “The Electoral College restores some of the weight in the political balance that large states lose by virtue of the mal-apportionment of the Senate decreed in the Constitution” (Posner). Although the electoral college does prevent some states from having too much power, it also gives immense power to other states, such as Texas, Florida, and California. Another concern for people that support the electoral college is that it helps control swing states from having too much pull. Despite some states having a stronger pull in the voting system, switching to a popular voting system would negate the swing state concept and help each individual citizen proclaim in own political believes, despite the state he/she lives in. William discusses the 2008 election and states, “It 's time for a national popular vote.