Type 1 diabetes is known as insulin-dependent diabetes. It happens when your immune system destroys beta cells which are needed to produce insulin. And type 2 diabetes, similar to type one, except immune system doesn’t destroy the cells that generate insulin.
I will never forget the day my life was changed forever; the day I was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes. In the matter of 24 hours, I was taught how to calculate carbohydrates, check my blood sugar, and give myself insulin shots. Among learning how to act as my own pancreas, I was told I could do anything I could have before my diagnoses. I took this statement to heart and never let diabetes stop me from reaching my goals.
Prevalence, has risen from 1.3% of the Australian population diagnosed with diabetes in 1990 to 2.4% in 1995 to 4% in 07-08 the rise is mostly due to the increase in type 2, diabetes, but there has also been a rise in those suffering with type 1. In all age groups males suffer higher rates of diabetes than females, male’s rate 5% and females
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose. Insulin is responsible for delivering the glucose from the bloodstream into muscles, fat, liver, and most cells to produce fuel for the body. Type one Diabetes develops when the cells that create insulin, the pancreatic beta cells, are destroyed by the body’s immune system. 40,000 people are
Before getting into the takeaways from the book we need some definitions and to shed some perspective on how dire the diabetes problem is. So, what is diabetes? The short answer is it’s when your blood glucose or sugar is too high. How it works is when you eat food your body breaks it down into sugars that enter your bloodstream to be distributed throughout your body for energy, when this happens your pancreas releases a hormone called insulin to transport those sugars to the
According to nih.gov/cdc.gov, "of all people who get diabetes, only 5-10% have type one." Type one causes you to takes injections of insulin frequently. Most people carry around a case with injections everywhere they go for this. Unlike type 2, type one is caused mainly by genetics. If someone is in a family that commonly has type one diabetes, they should all be checked out by a doctor. Type 1 diabetes has many symptoms, which include: blurry vision, losing weight, and always being thirsty. Type one diabetes is most common in humans before the age of 30. People do not realize that diabetes could kill them if they don 't take it
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disease which is the leading cause of kidney failure, and a
Type two diabetes can cause many issues and problems for the person involved. For example, one can develop kidney disease due to the fact that high levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. Waste products start to build up in the blood and eventually the kidney starts to fail. Secondly, diabetes can also cause amputations and blindness to occur in severe matters. The cause of nerve damage and poor circulation makes the feet and lower legs at risk of amputation. Also, fertility and pregnancy issues can arise. High blood levels can cause birth defects in the child which is why it is necessary to maintain the certain levels of glucose. This also raises the chance of having a miscarriage and diabetes complications after the child is delivered. PCOS is related to diabetes due to its resistance of insulin. This causes the infertility of women, which may lead to high insulin levels. Much of this can all be prevented by maintain certain blood levels and keeping up with your body.
Type I diabetes is a chronic disease in which the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. This means that an individual who has type I diabetes cannot produce their own insulin. Insulin is essential for the body to break down the sugar, glucose, to convert it to energy. With the lack of insulin, this sugar is not broken down and results in further health problems. Therefore, individuals who have this disease need outside help in order for them to be able to regulate their blood sugar levels. It typically affects younger individuals such as children, adolescents, and young adults. About 5% of people who have diabetes have type I diabetes.
In reality, nobody should know better than ourselves what is happening in our own body. When we care about ourselves, we become aware of many signs that we didn’t notice before. It is the beginning of our studies of diabetes self management, and as time and experiences go, we do become
People with diabetes are more likely to get skin disorders, illnesses and infections because of weakened immune systems. It is estimated 1/3 of people with diabetes will develop some type of skin condition that is caused or affected by the disease. People with high blood glucose levels often have dry skin. Keep your blood sugar in check to ward off dry skin and other health complications.
What is Diabetes? Diabetes (also known as diabetes mellitus) is a long term condition that causes high blood sugar levels. There are a lot of different types of diabetes, but the most common types are type 1 and type 2. The percentage of people in the world with Type 1 diabetes is approximately 10%, compared to 90% with Type 2 diabetes. The other different types of diabetes include Gestational diabetes and prediabetes, which are not as common. A lot of people may wonder; how can I prevent myself from getting diabetes? The main answer to this, is that you have to start to learn how live a healthy lifestyle. You have to change your eating habits, even though it may be difficult. Learn how to but junk food to the side and begin to eat healthy food. And also get a lot more physical activity into your schedule.
Insulin, a polypeptide hormone, is one of the most important pancreatic islets, more specifically the islets of Langerhans(named after the scientist who discover them) produced by the beta cells. These cells( beta cells) are mainly responsible for extracting glucose from each carbohydrates and help the body to either use it or store it for later use. Insulin plays a vital role in regulating blood glucose level by preventing it from getting too high(hyperglycemia). Glucose is the main source of energy in the body and all cells of the body need an adequate amount of glucose to function properly. However, this sugar(glucose) cannot penetrate most body cells by simple diffusion (i.e. skeletal and cardiac muscle, and adipose tissue). Here, Insulin
Chronic hyperglycemia induces tissue damage in particular cell types such as mesangial cells in renal glomerulus which contributes to renal pathology in diabetes. High glucose plays a central role in the development and progression of diabetic renal complications via various mechanisms such as increased production of advanced glycation end products, activation of protein kinase C, stimulation of the polyol pathway and enhanced reactive oxygen species generation (Al-Gayyar et al., 2011; Ali et al., 2011; Ali et al., 2008; Elsherbiny et al., 2013; Yamagishi & Imaizumi,
The roles played by four key hormones in the body, namely Insulin, Adrenaline, Cortisol and Glucagon, become interconnected actions to insure metabolic regulation occurs in the human body. All four hormones are not just responsible for their own specific ‘task’ and are involved in a range of interconnected actions. The three key areas of paramount importance in metabolic regulation in the human body are glucose storage and mobilisation, protein storage and mobilisation and fat storage and mobilisation. The hormone insulin stimulates anabolic and inhibits catabolic process involved in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in the human body. The hormones Adrenaline, Cortisol and Glucagon stimulate catabolic processes involved in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in the human body (Newsholme,