Diabetes is on the rise and is becoming a major health issue in Australia. It can be hard to determine the extent of diabetes as there is an estimated large number of cases that remain undiagnosed. Approximately 275 adults in Australia develop diabetes every day that means more than 100,000 annually. This equates to 8 adults in every 1,000. Over five years, people with previously known the incidence of diabetes has raised significantly over the past 20 years. In 2007–08, 898 800 people or 4.1 per cent of the Australian population reported that they had medically diagnosed diabetes. The rate for diabetes was higher for males than females in most age groups. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have one of the highest prevalence rates
The Lumbee community is unqualified for federal Indian Health Service benefits, this cause them to get general health care at a federal subsidized community health center or those who have resources get health insurance through private insurer. The greater part of the population are poor , therefore will limit their chances for treatment. To dominate this marginalization, they outshine in political, social and economic domain. Culturally they still uphold their own land and cultural symbols. Jacob, et.al (2014)
For hundreds of years, Native Americans have had to face many hardships in their lives. These hardships include drug and alcohol abuse, poverty, and diseases. Due to these reasons, Native Americans have an average life expectancy of 73.7 years; 4.4 years shorter than the average white American (“Indian Health Services…”). Native American communities face huge challenges because of chronic health conditions such as type two diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and mental illness.
The leading cause of death in DeKalb County, Georgia is diabetes. Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations (CDC, 2015). When a person has diabetes their body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as they should. In DeKalb County, 51.8% females and 48.2% males from 2005 to 2010 had diabetes (DeKalb Medical, 2013). There were 422 deaths from diabetes in this county from 2005 to 2010 (DeKalb Medical, 2013).
Diabetes Mellitus Type II (DMT2) has become one of the leading health crisis in America. (Cite %). DMT2 is a result of the body’s improper use of Insulin. Foods containing carbohydrates produce sugar that the body process’ for energy. The sugar is called glucose and is absorbed into the blood stream once the food is digested. Cells in the body absorb the glucose to provide the needed energy. If the body has too much glucose insulin redirects the glucose to the liver to be stored for
Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders are the main indigenous people lives in Australia for hundreds of years. It is evident that they have spent a happy, healthy life style before colonization but recent Health care literature review shows number of diseases and disorders which show significantly higher rates among indigenous people when comparing with rest of the population. Among all, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is one of the major health conditions. Social disadvantages such as lower education level and employment rates, poor nutrition, higher smoking rates, physical inactivates and poor access to health services has created this significant gap of health indicators between indigenous and non-indigenous communities. It has been led to lower
Many complications can arise with Type 2 Diabetes. The question we must ask ourselves is whither there is a possibility of preventing these complications and Type 2 Diabetes before it occurs. Moreover type 2 diabetes is a considerable reason for untimely mortality and distress, because of cardiovascular, renal, ophthalmic, and neurological disorders (The Diabetes Prevention Program, 1999). In spite of the fact that treatment of type 2 diabetes can enhance hyperglycemia, standardization of glycemia and glycohemoglobin is hardly accomplished or managed (The Diabetes Prevention Program, 1999). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the problem statement, purpose and research questions, literature review and conceptual
Diabetes type 2 is a serious health problem that faces the African American community today (Carter, Barba, & Kautz, 2013). A decreased awareness of risk factors and knowledge deficit in a perceived threat and physical activity levels increases the likelihood of diabetes type 2 and its associated complications (Omolafe, Mouttapa, McMahan & Tanjasri, 2010). Furthermore, diabetes type 2 is 1.7 times higher in African Americans than non- Hispanic whites. Swift, Staiano, Johannsen, Lavie, Earnest, Katzmarzyk and Church (2013) states African-Americans have a greater risk of suffering from blindness, kidney disease, and amputations than the Caucasian race. Furthermore, statistics shows that African-American men and women have a 44.8 and 44.7%
Decision makers must be firmly committed to social responsibility. Public and private sectors should promote health by pursuing policies and practices. A way to promote social responsibility for heath is by providing food courts in workplaces that offer healthy food. People should eat healthy food, which lowers their risk of developing diabetes and can reduce the incidence and mortality of type 2 diabetes. If diabetics have unhealthy choices to choose from, they are may eat this food. This food would effect they blood sugar levels to rise and can cause problems such as damaging arteries which leads to other problems.
This essay will be focusing on Margret who has required nursing interventions for her Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). There will be a discussion of what the condition is and its effect on the patient holistically; how it has impaired and impacted Margret’s normal health and how the condition has affected her family. There will be a demonstration awareness of how public health policies has impacted the health of Margret. What nursing models are will be briefly explained and how it can be used to support nursing care planning. Using the Assess, Plan, Implement and Evaluate process there will be a structured care plan which demonstrates awareness of the roles and responsibilities of nurses within an inter-professional care delivery. To conclude, a summarisation of all the key matters that have been discussed in the essay will be made.
Indigenous people require diabetes treatment and management in order to control the medical condition. Diabetes management involves a healthy diet, regular exercise, medication if necessary and blood monitoring. According to the Mayo Clinic (2015) these steps will assist in maintaining normal blood sugar levels and delay the onset of type two diabetes.
Windshield surveys are systematic observations made from a moving vehicle. The survey are systematic can help you better understand either the community in general or a specific condition or aspect of it. Windshield surveys is used to assess general community needs to estimate the poverty level, for example or to examine more specific facets of the community’s physical, social, or economic character. Basically is a description of a community and its people. The purpose is to identify the needs of a community in order to provide services appropriate to those needs.
Aging is a risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Of the reported 25.8 million Americans estimated to have diabetes, 26.9% are over the age of 65. In certain ethnic groups, the proportion is even higher; almost 1 in 3 older Hispanics and African Americans and 3 out of 4 Pima Indian elders have diabetes. As per the NHANES III (Third National Health and Nutrition Examination) survey, the percentage of physician-diagnosed diabetes increased from 3.9% in middle-aged adults (40–49 years) to 13.2% in elderly adults (≥75 years). The higher incidence of diabetes is especially alarming considering that diabetes in itself increases the risk for multiple other age-related diseases such as cancer, stroke, cardiovascular diseases,
According to WHO (2007), the critical periods model is a lifelong-effect on the organs function, which are not improved by later interventions; as it happens in diabetes. Moreover, Mackenbach (2002) acknowledged that the accumulation of risk model is components that increase disease risk gradually over the life, as eating high-calorie meals or attaining weight to acquire diabetes at the end.