Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets. It is absolute poverty experienced for an extended period of time or even over a life course and is unable to satisfy his minimum requirement of food clothing or shelter(CPRC,2004). Chronic poverty is associated with greater vulnerability and harsher consequences because of the continuous depletion and erosion of assets and resources with longer time in poverty (Barrintoes,2007). The Chronic poverty reports, according to CPRC, suggest that close to 40% people in chronic poverty are in developing nations (CPRC2005). Therefore, chronically poor are those who are not able to meet their minimum subsistence needs, lack access to the hey productive assets and are highly dependent on public and/or private transfers(Devereux,2003).
Absolute poverty refers to a prolonged deficit in some human basic needs that the person’s life becomes endangered (Poverties org, 2011). For a person to be classed as being absolutely poor they would have to meet a certain criteria, for example, the World Bank uses a monetary method to classify a person as being poor or not. If a person spends less than $1 per day they would fall below the poverty line for international comparison, then they would be classified as being absolutely poor by
Chronic poverty is an intensely studied subject in India. It is a state of destitution which traps people in poverty for long periods, making the escape inevitable (Devereux, 2003). A person stuck in chronic poverty is most likely to be unable to satisfy his or her basic requirements of food, water, shelter and financial support (CPRC,2004). CPRC’s initial works focused on identifying and addressing the major reasons for chronic poverty. These reasons majorly included insecurity, risk and vulnerability (Shepherd,2007).
Poverty also leads to crime. When people are very scarce on food, water, and shelter and can 't find a way of making money, the last thing they think they can go to is crime. People will do almost anything to survive or keep their families alive. People in poverty often have to steal food and money to survive. This is the least common because people in poverty are generally weak, and can’t escape to anywhere leading them ultimately to jail.
Poverty: the state or condition where a person is unable to satisfy their most basic human needs such as water, shelter and food due to lack to money, there are two types of poverty: Extreme poverty and moderate poverty. Extreme poverty is when people cannot obtain adequate resourced to support the minimum level of physical health. Some reasons for poverty include: • Poor education • High levels of unemployment in a country • Low level of skills • Lack of access to services • Family history • Born into a poor environment People living below the poverty line are required to get government assistance, poverty rates have however decreased because of an increase in social grants. Types of Poverty: • Absolute Poverty o The chronic lack of basic food, water, health and housing. People living in absolute poverty tend to struggle to live and experience more child deaths from preventable diseases like malaria, cholera and water contamination.
During the 19th century, diseases, lack of food, and emigration, mainly caused depopulation. A long-term depopulation is typically as a result of infertility among the people in the society and additionally net immigration rate that does not compensate the increasing death rates. Population aging characterizes this long-term decline in population, and it leads to a rise in the ratio of the retired citizens to workers and the young (Chand et al. 2014). The results of depopulation have a direct impact on the economy of the country that has borrowed too much for repayment by the young generation.
1. Feminist Lens • Oppression – Indian women in this film did not receive the same treatment as men, especially when they become widows. Females as young as eight years are forced to find a husband as their families cannot not support all of their children due to their poor socio-economic conditions. However, when Indian females lose their husbands, they are often looked down upon as it was viewed as a sin for a woman to remain a widow. Widows are required to spend all their lives in an ashram, where living conditions are well below average due to a limited supply of food and other necessities.
Also, although the poor want to modify the health-damaging behaviours, they are confined by the major resource of money (Kaplan et al., 1996). Furthermore, about the employment, lower class is more likely to have high rate of mortality and morbidity because of getting injury in accident in manual work. Also, due to the unemployment, it brings lots of anxiety and stress which can impair health status. Moreover, poor housing can cause several problems. For instance: It may influence the development of baby during pregnancy such as children’ lower birth weight and poor health (Bark et al.,
Consequently, their families are malnourished, because they can’t afford to buy nourishing food and basic medicine, and therefore they often die as a result of these substandard living conditions. Furthermore, they can’t pay school fees, so their children are forced to drop out of school and these farmers often have no choice but to abandon their farms, which causes a decrease in the number of registered coffee producers in the country and it leads to widespread job losses, as the workers, who labour on these farms, are also without jobs. As a result, there has been an increase in the migration to cities and urban areas, swelling urban unemployment, which leads to increased crime rates. In other cases, farmers have been tempted to turn to other food crops or even to remove the trees that shade their coffee crops, so that they can sell it as timbre. Both these courses of action lead to ecological imbalances and have severe long-term effects on the environment.
The increasing inflation rate has very bad effects on people. The prices of goods and services are so high that everyone cannot afford it. In addition to it taxes on daily routine items and services increases their prices further. The employee’s wages are not increased in accordance with the inflation and their expenditures are increasing every day. In fact many of the poor people are deprived of basic needs like food, shelter and cloths.