Types Of Nationalism

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A. NATIONALISM In order to gain a perspective of nationalism and to be able to examine the type of it on a certain case, it is a must to analyze what nationalism is and which types it has been explained by. Nation refers to a large group of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity or history. Nationalism is a political ideology that involves an individual identifying with a nation. Scholars of nationalism define nation and nationalism as followings; According to Benedict Anderson, nationalism has to be understood by aligning it with the large cultural systems that preceded it like religion. The extraordinary survival over thousands of years of Buddhism, Christianity or Islam in dozens of different social formations attests…show more content…
consist of disqualifying marks from entry to privilege…). Nations as a natural, God-given way of classifying men, as an inherent though long delayed political destiny, are a myth; nationalism, which sometimes takes pre-existing cultures and turns them into nations, sometimes invents them, and often obliterated pre-existing cultures: that is a reality, for better or worse, and in general an inescapable one. Agrarian man versus industrial man: Agrarian man can be compared to natural plants which can survive in the natural…show more content…
Nationalism is an idea which fills man’s brain and heart with new thoughts and new sentiments and drives him to translate his consciousness into deeds of organized action. Nation is therefore not only a group held together and animated by common consciousness; but it is also a group seeking to find its expression in what it regards as the highest form of organized activity, a sovereign state. Nationalism demands the nation-state; the creation of the nation-state strengthens nationalism. There is a continuous interdependence and interaction between them. According to John Breuilly, The term ‘nationalism’ is used to refer to political movements seeking or exercising state power and justifying such action with nationalist arguments. Nationalism is about politics and that politics is about power. Power, in the modern world, is principally about control of the state. The central task is to relate nationalism to the objectives of obtaining and using state power. According to Joseph Stalin, a nation a historically constituted, stable community of people formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. According to Michael Billig, nationalism is a discourse that constantly shapes our consciousness and the way we constitute the meaning of the world. It determines our collective identity by producing and reproducing us as
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