John Locke and John Stuart Mill’s dilemma in swimming to the islands of Fatherland and Bourgeouseville demand them to consider several key elements of each civilization. Each societies attitudes towards A fundamental element for Locke and Mill to consider in their decision, is the core purpose of government on each island, and the impact these different goals have on each civilization. The role of government in Fatherland, which is a Fascist regime, reflects the Fascist emphasis on government involvement in the lives of its people. In Benito Mussolini’s “The Doctrine of Fascism”, he describes the Fascist state as “the highest and most powerful form of personality, is a force, but a spiritual force, which takes over all the forms of moral and intellectual life of a man.” (pg. 376) This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree.
After the spread of the Enlightenment ideas of self-determination of the nation and the general participation of all its members in the politics of a state, nationalism soon became an irresistible political force. The two ideas of self-determination and mass-participation were formed by the French conception of popular sovereignty and the German idea of political romanticism (Knutsen, 1997) that were popularized by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Johann Gottfried von Herder
Redefining nationalism in the modern world The modern political concept of nationalism addresses some fixed notions. Nationalism is defined as formation of a distinct identity for a certain population in terms of their religion, ethnicity or class differences. It is a feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countries; a desire by a large group of people who share the same history, culture, language, etc. to form a separate and independent nation of their own. (Agarwal,2005) and (Kapur,2003) Rabindranath Tagore stated that “Our mind has faculties which are universal, but its habits are insular.” (Quayum , n.d) Redefining nationalism means changing the traditional concept of believing that citizenship in a state should be limited to one ethnic, cultural, religious, or identity groups or that multi nationality in a single state should necessarily be comprised of the right to express and exercise national identity, even by minorities.
The other function of federalism is to integrate structures such as economic, social or foreign policy. The concept of federalism represents the aim to build unity and to preserve the diversity. The main principle is to separate the powers between the different levels of government by creating common institutions. According to this theory the nationalist sentiments lead to political and military conflicts. One of the great thinkers on this theory was Altiero Spinelli.
TALLINN 2015 Defenders of modern imperialism and colonialism long pleaded their case in terms of the white man’s burden, they reasoned that it was the obligation of advanced nation to help the people of backward nations. (Perkin, Palmer. 2007). Imperialism has a wide range of meaning as different people have varying levels of understanding, some definitions of imperialism are as defined by Moritz B. “ imperialism is a policy which aims at creating, organizing and maintaining an empire (which is a state of vast size composed of various more or less distinct national units and subject to a single centralized will”.
Scope and Rationale: In this study I am going to analyse how the cultural identity has had an impact on how people perceive us. Our cultural identity comprises of both our nationality and our ethnicity. The idea of nationality refers to our tradition, religion and cultural background. Patriotism being the most powerful emotive emotion, any community can form. Hence I feel the study of our cultural identity would give me a better idea of myself.
It is very difficult to find a generally adequate definition for the words “nationalism”, “nation”, and “nationality”, even in the academic world. Nationalism is a system of ideas, values and norms. It is an image of the world and society, which can and does make a large social group aware of where it belongs, investing this sense of belonging with a particular value. It can therefore be seen that nationalism is both an ideology and a political movement, which can also be classified into two main groups: ‘’Risorgimento nationalism and Integral nationalism.’’ Risorgimento nationalism was a political movement which sustained the principle of unification of the oppressed citizens against the oppressors and supported the European movements for national liberation. This includes several categories (for example: liberal, reformist, political, cultural, linguistic and religious nationalism).
Thai nationalism is built by using the core culture of the Thais and institutions since these two things shape the nation and nationalism. Thai nation and nationalism cannot be understood without paying attention to the monarchy. Many people give the love and loyalty to the king and it is totally connected to a sense of nationalism, for instance, the winner who won in the sport will take the national flag to honor their win. In addition, some might show a picture of the king in that moment. It shows that the king meant everything to them.
Secondly, there is a political society in which power is legitimately arranged. Third, rule of law. Fourth there is bureaucratic structures to maintain violence and enforce law. Lastly, there are practices to mediate state and markets in a democracy. According to Larry Diamond (1999), the democratic process allows for growth in the development of humans that protect their shared interest.
Despite its similarity, it is clear to see that the debate of nationalism is forever evolving as does the society which we live in. There would be intellect who would challenge what we now know and maybe they themselves come up with different theories in regards to national identity. Is it individually fueled of as a nation? One thing is certain is that nationalism would forever be part of our ever growing