Water pollution in Egypt One of the problems that face the society in Egypt is the high pollution rate of water. The pollution of the Nile has been threatening the life on Egypt. The water pollution has been caused by several factors as the pollution of the sewage water and the industrial wastes. The industrial wastes would lead to the contamination of water by lead and iron as well as other pollutants. The sewage water would mix with the pipelines and thus, it would pollute the water of the agriculture and the drinking water.
Environment is where we live, breath, eat, drink and survive. The pollution in the environment is the most serious problem in the modern society. The pollution occurs due to various activities of biological species. Industrial effluents and domestic sewage which contain toxic substances beyond permissible limits are directly discharged into water bodies cause water pollution. Further, emission from industrial plants, fuel combustion in motor vehicles, homes and buildings and thermal plants contains numerous chemicals that drift in the atmosphere causing air pollution.
Water pollution caused by heavy metals is a global problem. The discharge of toxic metals into the ecosystem may severely affect the biotic as well as abiotic components of the environment. These metals are generally derived from different industrial activities such as mining, metal finishing, battery manufacturing, electroplating, etc. and are responsible for contaminating the receiving water bodies even when present in trace amounts. This is due to their carcinogenic and toxic properties (ATSDR, 2013).
With increase in industrialization and immense emission from vehicles due to huge transportation and much more, India is facing serious problems due to rising air pollution. Among all the pollutants released, SOx is one of the dangerous ingredients of polluted air. Apart from various health problems such as heart failure and breathing difficulties, Sox causes environmental hazards such as damage and destruction of water courses, vegetation, construction material and deterioration in soil quality. AQI is an indicator of air quality which depicts how polluted the breathing air is and forecasts how polluted it is to become. AQI helps government agencies to take preventive measures and steps to control the pollution level.
Water Pollution is one of the major concerns that is currently increasing, not only in the Philippines, but also across the world. Industrialization, Urbanization and Damming of rivers are one of the reasons behind the contamination of water (Villahermosa, R.A., 2012). These ill activities of humans can greatly affect the water especially its chemical and biological composition which can easily be observed with its cloudiness or its turbidity. It can also cause the pH of the water to increase resulting into acids, alkaline or neutral color that are found in the water. (Moloi, 2013).
Scarcity of water, increasing levels of wastes, air pollution, and global warming are some common issue of which pose a great threat to the environment. The speed with which we are consuming our natural resources and polluting our environment is really a matter of concern. Today the environmental issues have been become the greatest concern for the whole world. With the industrial revolution the global warming has become the issue of concern. It has become more influential in the developing countries like India.
Introduction Water pollution is one of the most serious problems faced by today’s civilization.Any foreign substance which degrade the natural form of water due to its presence can be considered as a water pollutant. Major pollutants for water includes organic and inorganic chemicals, heavy metals, petrochemicals, chloroform, and bacteria. Phenol and phenolic compounds are one of the major organic pollutants that reduce the availability of pure drinking water especially in a developing country like India.waste waters containing phenolic compounds will casuse serious health hazards and environmental issues,and they should not be discharged without proper treatement. India as a developing country,and having a handful of coal based resources the rapidly growing industrialization has caused an increased release of pollutants like phenol.The major phenol releasing industries include chemical and pharmaceutical industries,petroleum refineries,coal gasification operations,textile industries,dye related industries,steel plants etc…The average phenol concentration in coke oven plant effluent in steel industry approximately varies between 500-1000 mg/L Release of untreated waste water containing phenol can cause significant environmental troubles and toxic effects on living organisms include nausea, vomiting, paralysis, coma, greenish or smoky colored urine and even death from respiratory failure or cardiac arrests. Deadly doses can be absorbed through the skin.
Major part of environment is getting polluted because of the mixing of particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NOX), & volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) produced by emission from diesel engines. Diesel engines are one of the largest contributors to environmental pollution problems due to the emissions of diesel particulate materials (DPM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Exposure to these emissions is hazardous to health. This particulate matter (soot) which is released into the atmosphere can cause a great threat to the environment and the health of human beings. They can cause and enhance respiratory, cardiovascular and allergic diseases.
Apart from this there are few cases like the rental power projects in which billions of corruption has been made by the politicians and bureaucrats. This corruption and lack of transparency in the projects is also a big cause of these energy crises in Pakistan. According to the survey conduct by the Transparency International in 2006, Pakistan’s energy production department is the second most corrupt institution of Pakistan and this corruption has increased hundred times in the last seven years. Instead of making new policy government should make some effort to control this