Salmonella Typhoid Fever Case Study

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Introduction Salmonella typhi is the bacterial agent responsible for Typhoid fever, rank globally as one of the leading infectious disease responsible for a high percentage of morbidity and mortality. (USDHH, 2010) Spread by a susceptible person ingesting food contaminated, drinking of contaminated fluids or direct contact with faeces from an infected host person. ( Dewan, et al., 2013) this Bacterium is isolated only in human beings no other animal host was identified. Malaise, cephelaghia, anorexia, diarrhoea or constipation accompanied with fever, non-productive cough and rash are signs and symptoms generally associated with typhoid fever. Most prevalent during the period of incubation that is said to be between 3-60 days. Several environmental factors influence disease outbreaks. In the case study on Typhoid in Tajikistan, contaminated…show more content…
References: Dewan, A. M., Corner, R., Hashizume, M., and Ongee M., T., (2013), Typhoid Fever and Its Association with Environmental Factors in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area of Bangladesh: A Spatial and Time-Series Approach, Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3554574/ (Accessed: 04/12/ 2016). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2010)‘Typhoid in Tajikistan: A Classroom Case Study’, Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/epicasestudies/downloads/typhoid_inst.pdf, (accessed: 05/12/16) Srikantiah, P., Vafokulov, S., Luby, P. S., Ishmail, T., Earhart, K., Ne’mat, K., Jennings, G., Crump, J. A., and Mahoney, F. J., (2007), Epidemiology and risk factors for endemic typhoid fever in Uzbekistan, Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01853.x/pdf (Accessed: 07/12/201). Reflective Journal - Entry

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