Typhoid Fever Case Study

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Introduction Salmonella typhi is the bacterial agent responsible for Typhoid fever, rank globally as one of the leading infectious disease responsible for a high percentage of morbidity and mortality. (USDHH, 2010) Spread by a susceptible person ingesting food contaminated, drinking of contaminated fluids or direct contact with faeces from an infected host person. ( Dewan, et al., 2013) this Bacterium is isolated only in human beings no other animal host was identified. Malaise, cephelaghia, anorexia, diarrhoea or constipation accompanied with fever, non-productive cough and rash are signs and symptoms generally associated with typhoid fever. Most prevalent during the period of incubation that is said to be between 3-60 days. Several environmental factors influence disease outbreaks. In the case study on Typhoid in Tajikistan,…show more content…
The development of a treatment protocol that will be available at all health care facilities, to aid In the management, care and treatment of all suspected and positive diagnosis case of typhoid fever, this also will reduce the risk of unnecessary antimicrobial therapy. (Srikantiah, et al. 2007) 2. Immunization campaign can be implemented, primarily for children, in the under -five age group since they are most vulnerable. However, safe practices, which include safe water and good hygiene, must be maintained. (Srikantiah, et al. 2007) 3. Educational programs and public awareness campaigns must be introduced to ensure that the public obtains knowledge on how to break the transmission of typhoid fever and advocate the point- of- use methods of prevention. (Srikantiah, et al. 2007) 4. Proper management of human and animal waste, which includes proper drainage facilities so as to minimize cross contamination with the water distribution system. (Dewan, et al., 2013) 5. The development and timely implementation of an adequate surveillance system to identify positive cases and carriers of typhoid fever. (Dewan, et al., 2013)

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