Like the Chrysler, the Empire State was building in the Art Deco Era fashion. Names as one of the Seven Wonders of the World by the Society of Civil Engineers, the building is a National and NYC Landmark. The building was built in 1931 and was New York’s tallest until the erection of the North Tower in 1972 which stood at 1,368 feet. After the Twin Towers were destroyed during the 2001 terrorist attacks, the Empire State once again became New York’s tallest structure until the construction of One World Trade Center in
It was designed by an American architect William F. Lamb. The Empire State Building is 443 meters high, and it was the tallest building in the world from 1931 to 1972. The building has 102 stories, 6,500 windows, and 73 elevators. There are 1,860 steps from the ground floor to the 102nd floor. The Empire State Building has one of the most popular outdoor observatories in the world.
The iconic Seagram Building stands 515 feet tall with 38 stories and was completed in 1958. Since its construction, it has remained one of the finest examples of the functionalist aesthetic and corporate modernism. Designed by German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, the style of the Seagram Building has had a pivotal influence on American architecture. The style argued that the functional utility of the building’s structural elements when made visible, could supercede the formal decorative; and more easily convey its beauty to a lay public than any system of applied ornamentation. The Seagram Building, like virtually all large skyscrapers of the era, was steel frame, from which non-structural glass walls were hung.
He has worked with his father George Izenour who was a theatre and lighting designer on redesigning the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. If you take a close look at Figure 1 from the image, you will see how simple, detailed and ordered the Benjamin Franklin Bridge used to look. In Figure 2, you can see the difference in the lighting of the bridge at night. They have now went against “ordinary” by adding the colourful light and made it playful and exciting. It now has a unique and fascinating exterior finish and this is Postmodernism.
In addition, the Sumerian writing system had similarities to the Japanese no da construction as stated by Fumi Karahashi in the book Studies In Sumerian Language And Literature: Festschrift Joachim Krecher. Furthermore, the tale of the Epic of Gilgamesh, cannot be forgotten because it was the greatest reported Sumerian literature story written entirely in the cuneiform writing system. Next, there was the cylinder seal that was used to sign documents and art historian treated the cylinder seal as if it was a prized position. As a result of them believing that the designs carved on the cylinder seals reflected an artistic style from that time period. Furthermore, the Sumerians were divided into four types of classes.
During the exposition the Museum of Man, was recognized and noted by most architects as the finest example of Spanish Colonial Revival throughout the United States. The building was 200 ft tall, and the façade was excessively ornamented in a beautiful way, and in a mixture of different styles including Gothic, Baroque, Churrigueresque to illustrate the appearance of a Spanish Colonial church. The facade was made of stone, and it did not include usual ornamentation, but sculpted historical figures of remarkable and significant people mostly were
Further towards the center of the building, there is an open yet unified portal in which we could see more than one floor at once. Symbols and quotes are located in the center and lowest level of this portal, portraying unification of not only the building’s ties of literacy to architecture, but of the City of Chicago as a whole. Although there is barely glass ceiling throughout the lower levels of the building, the various ceiling and wall lights it has are eloquently adorned displaying the beaux arts and Romanesque integration. However, a part of the building that has the most natural and organic light element is the glass roofed winter garden located at the top floor. This winter garden demonstrates late 1800 environmental openness in architecture similar to The Rookery, created by Burnham and Root, which is a part of Chicago’s architectural past.
Mostly know for his work with glass he also worked in jewellery, enamels and interior design. Hector Guimard- is an Architect and Designer whose works embody the essence of Art Nouveau. He is one of the most known artists of the French Art Nouveau movement. He designed the entrances to the subway metro which are still standing today. Victor Horta- is a Belgian innovative and accomplished architect who is seen as a founder of Art Nouveau.
Windows were made of inexpensive glass covered with curtains or wooden shutters. Kamm stated that the urban congestion was problem in Rome from early times with 1782 houses for 50,000 populations with mostly slaves. At the same time the rich Romans had two kinds of villa, villa rustica, glorified farmhouse and villa urbana, luxuriated for holiday.
Claude Monet and Auguste Renoir were some of the few artists to experiment with the new artistic style that was once rejected from society. The style of Impressionism consisted of visible strokes of paint on the canvas, with each color not blended. Colors would not be mixed with the adjacent color; rather, it would be distinctively placed side by side to not create the illusion of smooth depth. Gardner also said many Impressionists “recognized the importance of carefully observing and understanding how light and color operate” (Gardner 689). It would create a rough depth in which the eyes have to visually adjust to see its dimensions.