UNICEF: The United Nations Children's Fund

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History of UNICEF The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is an extended of a small sub-organization created in 1947. It was established through General Assembly resolution 57 (1) as a relief organization for European child refugees after Second World War, the 1952 extension of UNICEF’s mandate made it an official UN Programme and Fund, marked with successful global campaign to against yaws, a disfiguring childhood disease. As world’s leading organization aims to advocate for children, there are more than 7,000 people working for it in 190 countries around the world with 36 National Committees and New York as its Headquarter. UNICEF is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. It has the…show more content…
It determined that “children (should have) rights to be protected, education, health care, shelter, and good nutrition,” and formed the basis of the influential future document, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, 1990). In 1979, the first “International Year of the Child” was declared in General Assembly resolution 31/169, wherein individuals and organizations around the world reaffirmed their commitment to children’s rights. UNICEF’s focus thus shifted towards holistically addressing the numerous issues facing children. In the 1980s, with the groundbreaking 1987 UNICEF study “Adjustment with a Human Face,” UNICEF began to employ human rights based approach to development and policy, shifting away from approaches into development that prioritized Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs), which had a negative marginalizing impact on health and education of children in the Global…show more content…
Collectively, UNICEF’s mandate is based on the concept that “nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress”. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is still the guiding force for this mandate. Providing a formalized document definitively identifying children as intrinsically possessing rights, the Convention has guided UN and UNICEF action on the children’s rights for the past 25 years, and provides a consistent reminder on how much work on children’s rights remains. UNICEF’s current goals are structured around the four key thematic areas of: child protection and social inclusion, child survival, education, and emergencies and humanitarian aid. Guided by the UNICEF Mission Statement, updated in 2003, UNICEF provides a forum for advocacy on children’s rights within the UN by establishing the well-being of children as integral to all human

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