Technology has proven to play an integral part in human life. It’s ubiquitous, as it is everywhere and society has become dependent on it. However, through history, the importance of technology as a determinate of nature and culture in societies social has ignited robust debates. The belief that technology brings about social change was first coined by Thorstein Velben during the 1920’s and is referred to as technological determinism(Murphie & Potts, 2003:11) This essay will critically analyze the debates put forward by Murphie and Potts (2003) in Culture and technology. The essay will introduce the reader to the ways in which technology determines the nature and culture from the technological determinist view.
Most importantly, ‘along with the growing capacity of technical options grows the incalculability of their consequences’ (Beck 1992), which underpins the idea with which this piece began: risk society does not differentiate between class. One of the strengths of Beck’s ‘risk society’ thesis lies in his differentiation between class society and risk society, reflecting the wider changes seen in society (such as the emergence of the global economy, for example), arguably catalysed by globalisation and it’s widespread effects. If class society is characterised by scarcity, and can therefore be seen to be a community of need personified by the cry, “I am hungry!”, then Beck’s risk society is characterised by insecurity, and a community of anxiety shouting, “I am scared!”, (Beck 1992). This differentiation seems to reflect a progressive, modern thesis applied to our undeniably changed society. Beck sees modernity as inherently transformational because change is built into the existing social systems, allowing for a process of constant renewal.
The International Style embraced innovative ideas and goals which had a huge influence due to the advancement of technology in the first half of the twentieth century. As a result, there seemed to be major changes in the style, owing to industrial production and thus there was an emphasis on rectilinear and geometric forms, as opposed to organic and curvilinear forms. The modernist movement was said to be the solution to many problems which included poverty and more particularly, the slum clearance as a principal social problem. With the progression of the technology and industrial age, machinery became the era’s distinctive aim, and subsequently known as “the machine age.” Paul Greenhalgh, a prominent figure in the Modernist period, saw that the appearance of a machine was essentially derived from its function and to him, this was not only economically excellent but it was also beautiful. With reference to architecture, it became clear that futurism and functionalism played a vital role in design, focusing
Even though both Adorno and Gramsci had good points and ideologies which still apply to the modern world, it is clear that Adorno had more to say about the social world we live in today. Theodor W. Adorno was a German sociologist, philosopher and musicologist who was known for his critical theory of society. He was a leading member of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, this was a social science and cultural centre for promoting socialism and overthrowing capitalism. "It was responsible for the creation of the philosophical form called critical theory, which takes the stand that oppression is created through politics, economics, culture and materialism, but is maintained most significantly through consciousness." (Fagan, 1995).
1. SWOT Analysis: SWOT analysis is an acronym standing for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the business. A SWOT analysis is very useful to determine the strategic issues facing companies to sustain their position globally. The assessment of Adidas’s internal and external environment, profit and loss conditions requires a SWOT analysis. Adidas always intends to develop new opportunities which make it highly prone to risks.
The increasing discussion of the risk society within the sociological scale is mainly due to the far-reaching influence of Ulrich beck, an outstanding German sociologist who is famous for his central concepts linked with risk society, reflexivity modernity, manufactured uncertainties, cosmopolitanism and individualization. He has elaborated a specific original formulation of the risk theory as well as reflexive modernization and formulated a significant impact upon recent sociological theory and research. In our daily lives, we are confronted with an array of risks，which not only affect the lifestyles in our life circles, but also impact our relations with others as well as multiple cultures. Even though we try our best to manage and cope with those adequate risks like specialists, the massive risks can never be fully solved. Actually，Ulrich Beck (1996) believes that the current society is a dangerous place which is full of risks.
This section further investigates how the benefits and challenges mentioned in the theoretical framework will influence the use of remanufacturing as a successful practice in the reverse logistics of companies. It also tries to provide an answer to how the use of remanufacturing can increase which coincides with the original aim of this paper. There are according to the theoretical framework several reasons for considering remanufacturing to be a part of the reverse logistics for companies in the automotive industry, these benefits are the societal, environmental and economical. There only exists a limited supply of natural resources on earth, and with the current situation we have today with ever increasing demand and consumption, these resources
The concept of Externalities play a central roles in the theory of economic growth and resource allocation. The concept was first discussed by Marshall and later by Pigou who give an analytical content of it. This concept of Externalities has become prominent within economics and have remained of great and growing importance in economics of science. According to the article written by Erik T. Verhoef, it says that without a doubt, it can be said that beginning from the conventional neoclassical economic structure, the most coherent approach to look at issues of environmental pollution is from the point of view of external cost. Admittedly, economist have been surveying the concept of externalities theoretically for a long period of time
ABSTRACT Care for the environment has gradually become monumental responsibility among countries of the world. This goal is of utmost significance for achieving ‘sustainable consumption’, ‘sustainable communities’ ‘sustainable future’, and ‘sustainable world’. Thus, this study presents a sociological analysis of the impacts of environmental pollution with the motive to provide practical information on the rising neighborhood risks affecting sustainable development in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. Also, to empirically showcase the culture of coping with pollution that is absent in contemporary study. The study adopts descriptive survey design in which questionnaire and in-depth interviews are methods used for data collection while data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics and content analysis.
Our world is not static, it is inconstant. Nowadays, economic instability, failed states, global epidemics, climate changes, increase of crimes and terrorism, environmental degradation, and so many other challenges demand us to create and establish completely new innovative systems which will help to solve all these challenges. Obviously, innovation process plays a crucial role in all aspects of the modern world. In this essay I will look at how innovation processes can help a business to succeed, to master the challenges of technology development, to respond in most effective ways to high demands of customers for top services. This essay begins with the explanation of the term ‘innovation’, then continues to discuss how incorporating innovation in a business can assist a business to prosper, increase revenue growth, and gives a business the competitive advantage to develop and adapt in the marketplace, particularly on the example of Airbus SAS.