QUESTION 2: BIG DIG COLLAPSE Public Health and safety are core primary duties and responsibilities of a professional engineer; to this trail, engineers can be held accountable for ignoring this duty as it may negligently result in causing harm to others. In the modern society engineering continues to strive and bring what has been considered to be science fiction into reality, i.e. moon exploration, though as much of success there is, there are also moral challenges being implicated; safety being number one. It is evidential from cases in the past where the notion of this duty was ignored and as a result, moral and ethical dilemmas arose. In the context of engineering one case study which attributes the consequences of ignoring the importance of public health and safety is the “Big Dig Collapse” (International case study).
Realists are attuned to the idea that the international system is anarchic and that serious threats emerge all the time, requiring states to secure resources for survival. This involves periodic use of force; security represents the unique and main goal of foreign policy. Idealism, on the other side values morality as the basis of all relations among nations. It rejects the separation between the mind and the soul in politics. Idealists see the role of power as an undesirable factor to be eliminated.
In the panoramic picture of the 20th century, it is difficult to opine a certain factor as the most significant. The true interpretation of the word ‘’significance’’ lies in ‘’meaningfulness’’ , which is far beyond the extent of proportion or popularity. Different people have myriad perceptions of the greatest influence, the sheerest savagery or the brightest scene in a panorama fraught with bloody wars and high mortality rate but also depicts the density of scientific breakthroughs. However, as a global citizen, I believe those events have its root in the human rights problems. Mankind discriminate other human races, whereby our previous generations declare war against each other.
Actually，Ulrich Beck (1996) believes that the current society is a dangerous place which is full of risks. With the surge of risk society, Beck argues that we are embraced by a different electronic global environment – a new world in which we are easily take advantage of high technological innovations and scientific developments yet where nobody fully realize the possible global risks and dangers we face. Since Beck has a series of conceptions in his systematic theory, it is impossible to introduce all Becks’ work as a whole. Therefore, it is better to pick up some of the notions and give a brief introduction about them. In this essay, we will focus on
Anarchy is the absence of central authority in the international arena (Mearsheimer, 2011: 31) and because states are sovereign, there is no actor that has authority over them. Anarchy however creates the idea that the international system is then chaotic and consists of a lot of conflict but it is however an ordering principle that allows states to govern themselves internationally (Mearsheimer, 2011: 31). Structural realism assumes that great powers possess military power that gives them the ability to attack each other or other states (Mearsheimer, 2011: 32). States can be dangerous to each other, especially those that have more military capability than others. The power of a state’s military is usually measured by the particular weapons it has at its disposal (Mearsheimer, 2011: 32).
During the era of industrialization and imperialism, the hurt and human suffering that the advancements in technology and societal power caused was not worth gaining all of the new discoveries and improvements for some countries. The human suffering caused
Garret Hardin’s “Tragedy of the Commons” is an article that identifies the nation’s current problems and predicaments that can’t be resolved through the use of technical solutions. Hardin’s work heavily focuses on overpopulation, a prominent and unceasing issue that significantly distorts and affects the stability of the Earth and the abundance of the planet’s resources. In his article, he mentioned some reasonable and important solutions to overpopulation, but he also explained its downside and how the said solutions may not be ideal and practical. “Tragedy of the Commons” revealed that the human population will continue to flourish and how it will be greatly detrimental to our society unless individuals get the education that they need and
INTRODUCTION Sociology as it is known today would not have been the same without the intervention of Emile Durkheim (1858–1917). Durkheim is widely recognised as one of the founding fathers of sociology and for good reason: he successfully brought drastic changes in the way social scientists considered the associations between individuals and society. Durkheim rejected biological and psychological explanations of the human behaviour and therefore focused his attention on how mankind’s social problems could be determined by social structure. Excelling in his discipline, Emile Durkheim had a visionary insight on various domains such as the sociology of knowledge, ethics, social stratification, theology, legislation, pedagogy, and deviance. Accomplishments in these domains can be found in previous theorists.
Phobia seems like the silent epidemic of the 21st century. There are many factors which influence this condition, but the great stride of technology as an environmental-type cause appears to be one of the main cause of any phobias originated from the modern world. It is essential to understand the notion of phobia which is very common and very serious mental disorder. The medical definition explains that phobia is “an unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder.” A few phobias stemmed from 21st century can be distinguished.
The issue of terrorism and global security has become a very important aspect of the debate in determining foreign policy among nations across the globe. This is because terrorism has become a great hindrance among a nation that has hinder fostering of a free flow of correlation among nations to aid in the socio-cultural, economic, political and technological development of nations globally. Terrorism has not yet been citified by the definitions presented by many as it has a controversy with it wide perspective according to (Hughes 2000). The reason to these controversies has been due to what terrorism is and who a terrorist is, the ideological beliefs held by some that any action directed towards capitalism is termed as terrorism, while on the other hands, the religious aspect has also adopted their definition of what terrorism is. Scholars believe that the use of threat and violence in a way to accomplish certain goals that aim to put the stat in a state of fear is view as terrorism.