This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon. “ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years.
However, looking at the history of child labor, it is evident that the incidence of child labor in the world decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank. Nevertheless, the total number of child laborers remains high, with UNICEF and ILO acknowledging an estimated 250 million children aged 5-17 worldwide who are involved as child labor in 2013. There can be many factors that could have an impact on the child labor reduction; however, one of the factors many scholars believe that has a major influence on child labor in most developing countries is migrants’ remittances. The ongoing growth of migration and its massive levels lead to high levels of remittances. According to the Statistics these transfers are increasing continuously, especially for developing countries.
Dear Mr. Peabody, I would like to inform you today about some common myths about immigration that just need to be squashed. The first myth that needs to be set straight is the myth that undocumented immigrants don’t pay taxes Undocumented immigrants are already U.S. taxpayers. Collectively undocumented immigrants have paid an estimate of $10.6 billion to state and local taxes as of 2010 according to the Institution on Taxation and Economic Policy. state governments cited IRS figures showing that 50% to 75% of the about 11 million unauthorized U.S. immigrants file and pay income taxes each year. Another myth created in our society is that illegal immigrants drain or abuse the system.
Based on the research done by the U.S. State Department, 600,000 to 800,000 people are traded illegally across intercontinentally every year. It happens on a daily basis, sometimes many don’t even know that they are a victim of trafficking. Considering many people are not aware of the harm caused, they would ask “Why is Human Trafficking a problem?” Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery involving the illegal
For some, freedom is not given. For some, freedom is how things are in which a common situation in everyday life. Realize it or not, human trafficking is still happening today. For every 30 seconds, another person becomes a victim of the trafficking industry. Today, according to ILO research, not only there are more than 21 million people being trafficked worldwide but also an illegal annual profits that may exceeds USD $150 billion, in such a way making trafficking industry as the second largest black market industry in the world.
In America currently there are about 2.3 million people that are incarcerated. The U.S. accounts for only 5 percent of the entire world’s population yet it holds around 25 percent of those people as the world’s prisoners. That is an astonishing number. Crime rates have grown over the years and don’t seem to be slowing down very much. This alone is a big cause to the debt in America as money gets poured into these prisons in order to maintain them; it is a nightmare.
Homelessness is a crisis across America which the government has overlooked. Unfortunately, 12% of Americans are considered homeless; on any night there about 554,000 people experiencing homelessness in the United States (Day). Homelessness is an issue that is apparent throughout many societies around the world, although it seems to be an exceptional struggle in the United States. Among the top homeless cities in the world, New York City ranks the second highest on the list, with Los Angeles following at a close third. Other American cities in the high ranks include Boston, Washington D.C., San Francisco, and Phoenix.
In 2010 prisons were over with about 2.2 million incarcerated Americans, on average every prison was over capacity by 14 percent, there are even some prisons that were over capacity by 34 percent. Annually the government spends roughly 60 million dollars on the correctional system and with the rise of amount if people being incarcerated that number will also greatly rise, thus depleting our budgets as well as our society as a whole (English, 2010). Prison philosophy is of prevention, deterrence and retribution, however according to Gudaris “the rehabilitative effect of long term incarceration appears to be negligible. Most imprisoned individuals will be released at some point and will reoffend” (Gudaris, 2013). Many criminals and gangs use prisons as a headquarters to recruit new members and run operations for their personal benefits.
It caused the American manufacturers a great deal of troubles as domestic products have gradually lost their competitiveness with each passing year. On the other hand, due to the wide disparity of labor costs between the US and Mexico, large numbers of US manufacturing facilities relocated to Mexico in the hope of saving costs. Hence, in 1997 three years after the enactment of NAFTA, the US has lost more than 400,000 jobs which was described as a “trade debacle” . Also last year, according to the American largest labor union, the AFL-CIO, the NAFTA deal led to “an exodus of at least 700,000 jobs” , which almost doubled the record from 17 years ago. During a democratic primary debate in 2007, the then Senator Obama took dim views of NAFTA when he was running for the presidency.
America as a nation, is in debt. Today, the United States of America is in debt 19.3 trillion and growing every second! That is a debt burden of $59, 586 for every man, woman, and child in this nation. Not only is our government binding future generations to trillions of dollars of debt, we have lost 5 million manufacturing jobs since 2000. Globalization and outsourcing are leading to the steady decline of our manufacturing industries.
This creates problems because it adds to the eminence amount of tax dollars spent every year. In the article “The high price of incarceration in America” by Aimee shows that the average American taxpayer spends about $260 a year that is almost 80 billion dollars a year for incarceration (1). There have been many voters who have been trying to reduce the amount of mass incarcerations that have been going on since the 1980’s. The majority of prisoners who were released between 2014-2015 returned to crime but the rate that they were committing the crime and returning was dropped at an astonishing degree. In the article “Prosecutors Fight to Plan to Lower Drug Sentencing “ by Sari, Horwitz (1) shows how government officials are trying to cut back on the amount of long term sentencing for first time offenders.
The official poverty rate is 13.5 percent based on the U.S Census Bureau’s 2015 estimates, that same year an estimated 43.1 million Americans lived in poverty. (U.S Census Bureau) There are millions of Americans that go unnoticed to society and government due to their low financial stability and poor living situations. They constantly deal with low provisions, low employment, bad health, and high rates of poverty. Majority of this happens to the minorities in this country, and it dates back since the 1900’s. The minorities being the last to be concerned about, but since then low income communities have been generified, which has improved the living conditions bring in more people, jobs, and better housing, but it still takes years for the
2006. P5). Consequently, millions undocumented workers have entered the American workforce. Most of the blame for the steady rise of undocumented workers goes to U.S. employers, not those seeking a better life. It is due to the demand for low-paid workers, especially in certain